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Exposing The Lies About Vaccines and Why They Represent Incognito Genocide

Provided by Richard Boyden, Former Radio Talk Show Host and Investigative Journalist (Taught at Haskell) from off my Operation Morning Star web page. This information I shared with “Indian Country” given they are most targeted for genocide in this country.

Vaccines and Incognito Genocide

Vaccine Ingredients -Formaldehyde, Aspartame, Mercury, Etc

Stealth Merger:
Drug Companies and Government Medical Research

Read/Order The Artificially Sweetened Times
The Artificially Sweetened Times

SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome):
A Great Global SCAM

**Smallpox: Index of Articles, free flyers, insert…**

Index to Alphabetical Table of Contents    
INDEX: Pages of multiple links to subjects: INDEX:
Important links.

The Idaho Observer Vaccine articles.

Dutch Español Français Finnish German Italiano Portuguese

MSEHPA: Model State Emergency Health Powers Act
GOOGLE: search site or WWWeb
Printable Forms/Flyers  -|-   Quotes  -|-   Inserts
Contact: Click here to Email us your thoughts:
Introduction to Immunity and Vaccination

Aborted_fetal_tissue    ADHD    Adverse_reactions    AIDS_HIV    Aluminum phosphate    Animal_vaccines    Anthrax    Antibody    Autism    Autoimmune_disorders    Avoid    BackToBasicsHealth    Basic_facts    BCG_Vaccine    Beginning_Intro    BirthControl?    Books    Cancer    Cartoons(vax)    CDC    Chapter(byState)    Choice    Conflict_of_Interest    Contact_resources    Death/Mortality    Decision    Ear_Infection/Otitis_Media    Editorials    Education    Epidemic    Exemptions    Events    FindingPhysicians    FLU    Forms1/Flyers    Forms2/Refusals    Genetic    Graphs    Health_freedom    Hepatitis_A_B_C    Herbs-Homeopathy    Hib    HIV_AIDS    Homeland_InSecurity    Homeopathy    Human_diploid_cells    Immigration    Immune_system    Immunizations    Index_pages    Indoctrination    Ingredients_of_Vaccines    Inserts    Introduction    Language_page    Legal    Letters    Liberation    Links_(various)    Mandatory    Medical_tyranny    Membership    Meningitis    Mercury    MilitaryVaxQues    MMR    MSEHPA    Mycoplasma    News    NVICA    Nutrition    Otitis_Media    Package_Inserts    Pharmaceutical    Poison    PolioIndex    Pregnant    Prevention    Prevnar    Quotes    Questions_&_Answers    Rabies    Religion    Resources    Rhogam    Rights    Rubella    SARS    SBS    Shaken_Baby_Syndrome    Shots    Side-effects    SIDS    Smallpox    Testimonies    Tetanus    Thimerosal    Travel    Treatment    Tuberculosis_&_TB_Test    Ultrasound    VAERS    Vaccine_Exemptions    Varicella    Videos    Vitamin_K    West_Nile_Virus   

I N D E X : Pages containing multiple links to articles: I N D E X :
* ANTHRAX articles, Index:
* AUTISM-MMR articles, Reversing Autism/vaccine damage, Medical Misdiagnosis, etc, Index:AIDS & HIV, AIDS & Vaccines

* Ear Infection/Otitis Media and associated articles, Index
* F L U Index page: including Flu Vaccines Extremely Dangerous

* Forms: Exemptions, Refusal letters, Letters to Editors
* Printable: Forms, Letters, Fact Sheets

* Genetics: Quotes & links
* Hepatitis A, B, C: The disease and the vaccines, Index:

* Homeland Security Index of Articles
* Inserts: links to Vaccine Package Inserts

* Mercury and Thimerosal: Index
* MMR-Autism Index as above: articles, Reversing Autism/vaccine damage, Medical Misdiagnosis
* Mycoplasma: Index of articles

* Nutrition, Macrobiotics, Herbs, Homeopathy Index
* Polio Index: Overview, quotes and links

* Q and A (Frequently Asked Questions)
* Religion Index: comments, ideas, links.

* SBS (Shaken Baby Syndrome), SIDS and seizures Index page
* SMALLPOX articles, Index-
Tuberculosis, TB Test and BCG Vaccine (Flyer & Letters)
West Nile Virus – – links

 Basic Vaccine Facts

Reporting Adverse Reactions following Vaccination
Printable: Forms, Letters, Fact Sheets, Flyers
Basic facts, Graphs, NJ exemption letter, more MSEHPA info, Biography
Vaccination Liberation Membership Package list of documents
Great Vaccination Quotes
Evidence Against Vaccines [More quotes]
Investigate Before You Vaccinate
Do Antibodies equal immunity? site
Herd Immunity Flawed theory/new name for an old goddess? [Scandals]
A Quick History of Vaccination:
Adults Don’t Need Booster Shot of Diphtheria, Tetanus[Excerps] Cry of the Heart    Stop Hurting the Children    by Dr. Mark SircusWhole book 382K: Cry_of_the_Heart.pdf
Japan versus USA infant vaccination policies: less is better.
Vaccine Damage: What can I Do?
The Belief in Vaccines, Dr. Sherri Tenpenny, DO
doctors_against_vaccines, Gunner Ødum, MD
* * Unvaccinated children are more HealthyWHY VACCINES DON’T WORK, site
[un-VAX] AUSTRALIA’S HEALTHIEST KIDS Preliminary Survey Results: unvaccinated healthier!
Unvaccinated Children –Article by an MD
The Fallacy Of Vaccination from the Anti-Vaccination League of America
A British Doctors view. VernonColeman.Com
The Case Against Immunizations – R. Moskowitz, MD, Homeopath
The Problem of Pathogenic Vaccine Contamination
by Benjamin McRearden.[.PDF file, 66K]

The Problem of Pathogenic Vaccine Contamination
HTML version, 69K by Benjamin McRearden.
History of a Vaccination Debate
USPHS admits “substantial uncertainty” exists regarding vaccine safety
A Pox on Vaccines -measles, etc-
Autism more common than Measles: Shots in the Dark
Former Pharma Employee Speaks out about Vaccines
VAXWORLD Cartoons: Education in a nutshell
History of Sanitation in a Nutshell
Vaccinations – Do They Even Work and At What Price?—–Ingri Cassel
Scandals: Hib Vaccine, success, failure or a serotype smokescreen?
Scandals: Death By Lethal Injection, From The Heart Of One Mother to Another
Rhogam Information:
More Rhogam Information:…

Various Sites, Health and Immunization info
MORE: 100+ Great Anti-Vax Sites
Long and very good article on Vitamin K at birth.
TB test packet insert, HTML,
Marketing Drugs in the 21st Century
Too many Tetanus Shots, The Disease and the Vaccine
BMJ site: Anti-vaccinationists past and present [Pro view!]E-replys at end

pro-view .pdf file
“Content and Design Attributes of Antivaccination Web Sites”

Want background information on mainstream concepts so that official policies and recommendations can be better understood? See this FAQ by Roger Schlafly

Natural Antidotes to Biological Toxins Includes garlic & doses,

Vaccines: New plague for a new era. SunToads Health News 187.
Vaccine-free French healthier than allies (Gulf War)
Dangers of Live Virus during or after pregnancy

Great Vaccination Quotes
Phyllis Schafly: Who Decides What Drugs Are Forced on Children?
Shoot First and Ask Questions Later: By Michael Belkin
Mercury: reference/news/email (24Apr01)
Vaccine Ingredients from Phy.Desk Ref.
Vaccine Fillers and Ingredients 07March2001 [Dr. Mercola article]
Questions/Ingredients: Alert Flyer! from Light Network

( Leading Edge Master Analysis of the Vaccination Paradigm
Ten Things Your Pediatrician Will not Tell You (2Apr01)

Medical Editor Rips Into FDA 29Jun01
Catholic info on Vaccines, Mandatory?, Letter to Merck, manuf/ingredients site: Medical Cannibals: The Moral Implications of Fetal Tissue Vaccines
Vaccines – Injections of Death! by Alan R. Yurko

Proof That Vaccinations Cause Learning Disabilities & Autism
Nightmare the Vaccine Injury compensation program has become? [NVIC site:]
CDC and Private Sector Price list of Vaccines, includes “tax” for insurance?
site: Reading this will remind you of treatment/knowledge manipulation similar to Vaccine propaganda.
Vaccination: A Sacrament of Modern Medicine (Richard Moskowitz,M.D.)
The Doors Of Perception: Why Americans Will Believe Almost Anything
Dr. Mercola: Up to 1 in 20 of Clinical Trials May Be Fraudulent in England
Table of Statistics from Unicef 1998

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NewsLetters* Innoculations – The True Weapons Of Mass Destruction
Causing VIDS (Vaccine Induced Diseases) An Epidemic Of Genocide

By Rebecca Carley, M.D. (

* Hippocrates Systems Radio Broadcasts, Dr. Carley, answers rebutals to above article, and charges the Director of CDC’s National Immunization Program with crimes against humanity … www.drcarley.comTHE TRUTH BEHIND THE VACCINE COVER-UP By Russell Blaylock, M.D. judge amends parenting plan, orders vaccinations [Janet Burton case]
Forced Vaccination & Plea for Help [Arizona Fall 2004 ongoing.]
Anthrax Vaccinations Halted Again [by US District Court injunction Oct 28/04]Response to 60 Minutes Broadcast 10-20-04 (Vaccine segment)
A collection of letters: See left column for link on New Medical Awareness Seminars site.
Links to material useful in writing CBS to correct their biasSign a Petetion to 60 Minutes II: TIME TO TELL THE TRUTH ABOUT VACCINATIONS on autismtruth.orgDon Harkins talk given at Mut Zur Ethik Conference in Austria.
Vaccines: Weapons for the 21st CenturyStudy links hepatitis B vaccine to multiple sclerosisIOWA FIRST TO BAN MERCURY FROM CHILDHOOD VACCINES
California is the second state — after Iowa — to limit the use of vaccines containing thimerosalSafeMinds Critiques & Commentary MMR & Autism – Denmark SafeMinds.orgNVIC SAYS IOM PLAYED POLITICS IN REPORT ON AUTISM AND VACCINES
National Autism Association: IOM AND CDC COVER-UP:
TAAP Response to I.O.M. statement May 18, 2004
SafeMinds Outraged That IOM Report Fails American Public
IOM press release – for reference to above articlesDrug firm threatened us, say MMR families -Guardian – UK 12May04UNICEF Nigerian Polio Vaccine Contaminated with Sterilizing AgentsDrugging America to death portland.indymedia.orgCodex Alimentarius Commission: A threat to mankind www.proliberty.comHuge Supplements Ban Coming To Europe www.thehealthcrusader.comSCANDAL OF THE ANTHRAX BABIES war syndrome: the legal case collapses www.whale.toStealth Merger: Drug Companies and Government Medical ResearchDec03 – Create and Keep – Freedom-of-choice for Anthrax VaxSARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome):
A Great Global SCAM
Deaths following Smallpox Vaccination – Health Care and Military
Shaken Baby/Impact Syndrome: Flawed Concepts and Misdiagnoses
Vaccination Liberation testimony to Idaho House, Senate H&W Committees Feb 26/2003Open letter to the authors of “
the Danish MMR report”Vaccine History: Dates first licensed in USA
Why Pharma companies can not afford our health by:
Congressman MD Urges Pediatricians Warn Patients about MMR Vax unsolvedmysteries.comABC News: Vaccine Renaissance Outpaces Sickly Drug IndustryCollection of ‘Mainstream Smallpox News articles’ Dec 2002
Chet Day, Smallpox News, Smallpox Vaccination 101, to seal Vaccine Records? Litigation to continue? Repeal Security Provision?
Essay On Vaccine Injury, Homeland Security, and Culpability, Dr Len HorowitzDr. Andrew Wakefield to NEJM rebuts ‘cant find’ MMR-Autism – AZT ON TRIAL, false testing for false hypothesis
Rotary club gets an ear full of “The Perfect Business”
CDC Teleconference on Smallpox Vax transcript – [for everyone?]
Synthetic PolioVirus, unlicensed smallpox vax, Quarantine, MadCow Warning
AAP and CDC push for flu shots for infants (Dr
WFAA-TV investigates Mercury (Thimerosal)
BMJ Authors of guidelines have strong links with drugs industry
Hepatitis A – Inventing A Market for Another Superfluous Vaccine
Dr. Mercola: Warn Every Pregnant Woman about Heb-B in hospital.
Dr. Mercola: US Military Finds That Anthrax Shots May Cause Birth Defects
* The Killer Vaccines – An Honest Physician Warns of Serious Dangers Dr. Blaylock Wellness Report.

* http://www. vaccines and more
* HEALTH NEWS, recent articles including vaccines,
* Vaccine news of the week at NVIC (
* older vaccine news at NVIC (’s Older News Articles, Mostly year 2001

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Epidemic Intelligence Services? Entertainment or Propaganda?
^September2001 Faith&Reason, Cure.All, MD letter, UK_Propaganda_refuted, Birth_Control, Seizures&refutation.
^Jul/Aug01: AIDS, Single Jabs, Anthrax, Immunization Month,Drs Oppose, etc
^January-June2001 Quackwatch, Anthrax, Adverse, lyme, risk, Hep-b, prevnar, Pregnant, Vac_Scene_2000, Japan, Drug-Approval.

POLIO: Indian State Complains To WHO About Vaccine Quality
Dr. Len Horowitz, Transcript of Gabon, Africa presentation
Too many Tetanus Shots, The Disease and the Vaccine
Adverse Reactions to Flu and Hep B Shots (29Jan01)
Autism/MMR: Second Study Links Autism To MMR Jab (20Sept2000)

Vaccines are indeed linked to autism (08June2000)
Autism and MMR or Rubella Vaccine in Moms (18apr01)
Autism/MMR by Dr. Viera Scheibner & Bronwyn Hancock BSc. – Feb 2001
Five autistic children… MMR and Autism –definitive proof to me! (6Mar01)
Autism/MMR Resources 60 Minutes TV (15Nov2000)

Hepatitis B Vaccine Dangers (12Mar99)
Incidence of Hep B Virus in U.S.A. (10Apr01)
How Vaccines Are Made (25Nov2000)
Vaccine tests kill babies (30May2000)

Shaken Baby Syndrome – Alan Yurko- Appeal and Offer (Update May01)
Some Question and Answer Emails
VacLib’s Older News Articles, Mostly year 2001

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Legal Information

S. 3—The Protecting America in the War on Terror Act of 2005”
* Information on S.3 & letter to Senators
*For S.3 wording: goto
Enter S. 3 in the Bill Number, click on “Search”
Letter opposing Idaho H&W proposal to add more dangerous vaccines to Childhood Schedule
* Innoculations – The True Weapons Of Mass Destruction
Causing VIDS (Vaccine Induced Diseases) An Epidemic Of Genocide

By Rebecca Carley, M.D. (

* Hippocrates Systems Radio Broadcasts, Dr. Carley, answers rebutals to above article, and charges the Director of CDC’s National Immunization Program with crimes against humanity …
Yurko Project Consultants Offer Help in SBS cases and related issues.
Attorneys 4 Vaccine Injury or Deaths
NVIC sells Law Firm Directory of attorneys handling vaccine claims
Vaccine Injury: Maglio Law Firm: Mercury, Hep B, MMR and FIRST TO BAN MERCURY FROM CHILDHOOD VACCINESCalifornia is the second state — after Iowa — to limit the use of vaccines containing thimerosalSafeMinds Critiques & Commentary MMR & Autism – Denmark SafeMinds.org150 Irish Parents Sue MMR Makers
Finally: Billing Codes for Alternative Medicine
California Judge Rules Against Quackbuster “Credibility” WWW.QuackPotWatch.orgResults of ACIP Survey from ChildScreen (on Weiss Class Action Lawsuit Against
VaxGen(AIDSVAX) securities fraud
U.S. Court of Federal Claims has Autism records postedSpecial Announcement – Good News
All state laws that mandate vaccinations unconstitutional?
Federal Class Action Claiming Vaccines Containing Thimerosal Linked to Autism
WYoming Senate File 11, 14JAN03
NJ Hep B Vaccination Legislation
Index to MSEHPA, source, letters, comments.

Legal News – Index of articles/links
The Erosion of Public Trust & Informed Consent through Immunization Harassment, Discrimination and Coercion” from PROVE at
Online Video Testimony on behalf of PROVE by vaccine injury attorney John Kim against removal of liability for vaccine injuries against a vaccine manufacturer in Texas April 14th, 2003.
Forms: Exemptions, Refusal letters, Letters to Editors
A T T O R N E Y S: USA listing
NVIC sells Law Firm Directory of attorneys handling vaccine claims
Informed Choice and Vaccine Fact Sheets [CDC site]

Vaccine Injury Alliance: 10August01 leading law firms and NVICP awareness.
How to Legally Avoid School Immunizations (2Aug00)
How to get exemption forms
Legal help obtaining exemptions:
links to all states exemption info:
Florida Case History on Religious Exemption
Idaho Daycare Requirements
Travel, Immigration & Vaccination
First Mercury Poisoning/Vaccine Law Suit Filed March 23, 2001

HR 1287 – Vaccine Injured Childrens Compensation Act of 2001 (17Apr01)
Shaken Baby Syndrome – Alan Yurko- Appeal and Offer (Update May01)

Editorial: Medical Records, School and Idaho State Law
How To Start A Grass Roots Organization by Karin Schumacher:
State Law Vaccine Search Engine:

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Avoid Vaccinations

How to Legally Avoid School Immunizations (2Aug00)

How to get exemption forms
Doctors Are The Third Leading Cause of Death (7-30-00 )
NJ Refusal Letter and information Vaccine Exemption and Military Service
How To Legally Avoid Unwanted Immunizations Of All Kinds (printer friendly version)
How To Legally Avoid Vaccinations at:

The American Activist
Ingri and Don’s (Vaclib and I.O.) evening Radio Broadcast Schedule
Autism One Radio: Education and Information to help your child. PETITION to all members of Congress asking for the complete removal of Thimerosal from all vaccines.The national on-line “Show Us the Vaccine Data Petition” by NVIC for Vaccine Safety Datalink access.* * A P R I L: National Autism Awareness Month, see info.New Jersey, Cherubs, Events and Quarterly NewsletterVideo Tape of Vaccinations: What the CDC’s Documents Reveal
S E M I N A R S :
Defeat Autism Now, Conferences: Auburn, Alabama – Boston – Edinburgh, Scotland – Toronto, Canada.“TAAP into Treatment” Casi’s Quest (TAAP of Florida)Vaccination Liberation – Post Falls, Idaho – Four Part SeriesVaccination Liberation – Sandpoint, Idaho – Four Part SeriesDr. Tim O’Shea – Author of The Sanctity of Human Blood, Seminars.The Center for Autistic Spectrum Disorders casdweb.orgNew York Area: 17May04 20September04First International Symposium on Vaccination, 12-13NOV2004, London
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Membership Information Moved to Membership-Index page Chapter Home Pages:
Arizona VIAL
* VIAL N. California
FL. The Autism Autoimmunity Project (TAAP)
Casi’s Quest – Florida Chapter of TAAP
* Idaho –
S. Idaho –
VIAL – Kentucky Chapter
*V.I.A.L. Maine Chapter
*V.I.A.L. – Mississippi chapter
*Nevada V.I.A.L. Home Page
*New Jersery: Cherubs
* = pages on site

State Chapters/People-Resources Listed by State & Canada.

Resource Contacts

How to Legally Avoid School Immunizations (2Aug00)
How to get exemption forms
People-Resources Listed by State & Canada.
Resource for Asserting Right to Abstain (Help)
Shaken Baby Syndrome – Alan Yurko- Appeal and Offer (Update May01)
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Some Vaccine Links from: The Idhao Observer

Important LINKS

Contact: Click here to Email us your thoughts:

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Vaccination Liberation Index

The Adverse Affects of Vaccines in “Indian Country”


Vaccination Liberation – Home



100+ Great Anti-Vax_Info Links


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{The following is presented on this site for those who do not have access to university law libraries. It is my original draft of what became two articles, as liberally revised by my co-author, Northwestern U. law professor Daniel D. Polsby. Note that what were footnotes in the original draft have been rendered into endnotes for this site and linked to the end of the document. [For those who have access to a university law library, the final articles are: Don B. Kates & Daniel D. Polsby, “Of Genocide and Disarmament”, 86 J. CRIM. L. & CRIMINOL. 247 (1995) and Daniel D. Polsby & Don B. Kates, “Of Holocausts and Gun Control”, 75 WASHINGTON U. L. Q. 1237 (1998).] Where easily possible I have replaced the draft’s references to forthcoming articles with the full citations.}

NOTE: At the time this early draft was written, I did not have access to the definitive work on 20th Century mass murders, Rupert J. Rummel, DEATH BY GOVERNMENT (Transactions Press, 1994). Readers should also direct their attention to a truly excellent article by University of Connecticut philosopher Samuel Wheeler, “Arms As Insurance” in v. 13 of PUBLIC AFFAIRS Q. (1999).


An Essay Review of LETHAL LAWS
By Jay Simkin, Aaron Zelman, & Alan M. Rice
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Jews for the Preservation of Firearms Ownership
Pp. 347. $24.00
by Don B. Kates, Jr.*

Certainly I shall use the police — and most ruthlessly — whenever the German people are hurt; but I refuse the notion that the police are protective troops for Jewish stores. The police protect whoever comes into Germany legitimately, but not Jewish usurers.
— Hermann Goering, as head of the Prussian Police, 1934 [1]

All weapons of every kind in the possession of Jews are forfeit to the Reich without compensation and are to be handed in. This embraces all firearms including starting pistols and all edged weapons.
— Dec. 12, 1938 Gestapo circular [2]

[Firearms licenses] will not be granted [to] Jews [or persons] suspected of acting against the state. Those who do not require permission to purchase or carry weapons [include] the whole SS and SA, including the Deaths Head group and officers of the Hitler Youth.”[3]

Since this essay will have some negative things to say, it is well to open by noting one of the important virtues of this book which, especially given its negligible cost, makes it an obligatory acquisition for any university law library. However one appraises its central thesis, LETHAL LAWS adds importantly to our knowledge of foreign gun law, a subject which ranks among the most frequently mentioned, and muddled, aspects of our own gun control debate. The book includes meticulous translations of historical firearm laws from Germany, the USSR, the People’s Republic of China, Ottoman Turkey, Guatemala, Uganda and Cambodia. On each page facing a page of English translation will be found the corresponding sections of the original statute in the original language. The laws are set in their historical context by brief but trenchant commentaries often including information on enforcement practices.

In a book published almost twenty years ago anti-gun activist Robert Sherrill derisively commented that no debate over gun policy would be complete without a plethora of brief, often inaccurate, and invariably contradictory, references to foreign gun laws and crime rates.[5] For instance, it is asserted that few Israelis own handguns (accompanied by a table suggesting handgun ownership is far less in Israel than in Austria or Canada)[5], and that Israel and Switzerland “have strict handgun laws [and] report negligible deaths by handguns.”[6] Though the “negligible deaths” part is true, the rest is highly misleading. As Israeli criminologist Abraham Tennenbaum notes “The homicide rate in Israel has always been very low … much lower than in the United States … despite the greater availability of guns to law-abiding [Israeli] civilians.”[7] The reason relatively few Israelis own guns is because any law-abiding, responsible Jew who needs an Uzi, or a handgun, just draws it out of an Israeli police armory. In the U.S., far from the state giving firearms to those in need, fully automatic firearms like the Uzi have been forbidden or severely controlled since the 1930s and now the purchase of mere semi-auto copies of the Uzi is banned.[8]

Israelis (including Arabs) who wish to own their own personal firearm must obtain a license but that also is available on demand to any trained, law-abiding, responsible adult. Unlike the United States where carrying a concealed handgun is almost universally illegal, in Israel if you legally possess a firearm you

are allowed to carry it on your person (concealed or unconcealed). The police even recommend you carry it because then the gun is protected from thieves or children. The result is that in any big crowd of citizens, there are some people with their personal handguns on them (usually concealed).[9]

Swiss policy is virtually identical.[10] American massacres in which dozens of unarmed victims are mowed down before police can arrive astound Israelis[11] who note

what occurred at a Jerusalem [crowd spot] some weeks before the California MacDonalds massacre: three terrorists who attempted to machine-gun the throng managed to kill only one victim before being shot down by handgun-carrying Israelis. Presented to the press the next day, the surviving terrorist complained that his group had not realized that Israeli civilians were armed. The terrorists had planned to machine-gun a succession of crowd spots, thinking that they would be able to escape before the police or army could arrive to deal with them.[12]

The point is not to suggest that the U.S., where massacre is a very minor part of the homicide problem, might benefit by allowing the widespread carrying of firearms.[13] We mention the matter only as a dramatic example of how inaccurate and misleading American discussion of foreign gun laws can be. Many such inaccuracies are corrected in David Kopel’s prize-winning analysis of gun laws, policies and crime in England, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, Switzerland and Japan.14] To this invaluable work, LETHAL LAWS adds further reliable information covering historical firearms laws in seven other nations. Regrettably, the information is purely historical, since discussion of whatever the current law may be in these nations is not among the authors’ purposes. Even as to the historical laws it covers LETHAL LAWS is much less discursive than Kopel and gives little attention to crime patterns which may have engendered the laws or followed their enactment. Moreover, because of its narrow focus and the severely limited space devoted to each instance, details tangential to the authors’ concerns are often neglected, regardless of their importance.

Nevertheless as far as it goes, the historical commentary LETHAL LAWS provides is instructive, well-written, balanced and scrupulously accurate. [15] Far from over-playing the extent of genocide, for instance, LETHAL LAWS tends to settle on the lowest reasonable number of victims.[16] Given the authors’ orientation, it is also interesting to observe that they bend over backwards to avoid demonization of Germany, blaming the rise of Nazism exclusively on adverse world and local economic conditions and on the post-World War I Versailles Treaty, which they seem to feel was harsh and unfair to Germany.

LETHAL LAWS is the second book on this subject by a group called Jews for the Preservation of Firearms Ownership (JPFO). [18] The books develop a theme that is central to the argument against firearms prohibition: State abuse of power, including tyranny, geno-politicide and systematic denial of protection to racial, ethnic and other minorities, as a rationale for distrust of government and popular possession of firearms for defense.[19]

At its most basic, the thesis of the JPFO books asserts that geno-politicide occurs only when the target group has previously been disarmed (whether as a deliberate prelude to mass murder or as apparently non-discriminatory, benevolently intended, gun control). To vindicate this thesis, LETHAL LAWS parses the gun laws of the nations involved in “the seven major genocides in the 20th Century” which it enumerates as: the Ottoman genocide of Armenians, the Nazi extermination of Jews (“the Holocaust”) the 1920s and 1930s series of mass murders by the USSR, the mass killings associated with the People’s Republic of China’s “cultural revolution”, Guatemala’s genocide against native Indians and the Ugandan and Cambodian geno-politicides. Chapter 6: “The Anatomy of Genocide” summarizes LETHAL LAWS’ theme:

Genocide has one result – hundreds of thousands, or millions of murders – but many forms. [Other than the following] basic factors … hatred, government, “gun control”[,] the seven major genocides of the 20th Century have few points in common.

It is possible to quibble with the particular geno-politicides selected, but substituting alternative examples would not undermine the link between geno-politicide and unavailability of firearms to the victim group.[20] Given the highly controversial implications of LETHAL LAWS’ thesis, it bears emphasis that at its most literal it is obviously true — if only for reasons which might be dismissed as trivial. Unlike almost any other weaponry, firearms are preeminently defensive in effect. Conflicts carried on with other weapons (or none) generally result in the victims being subjected to whatever their physically stronger or more numerous aggressor(s) want: rape, robbery, murder, etc. But victim(s) who have guns can generally repel a stronger aggressor or aggressor group armed with any lesser weapon.[21]

The defensive advantage lessens when all parties have guns. But there remains a deterrent effect against aggression that is far greater than if only lesser weaponry were involved: Even when an aggressor also has a firearm, if his victims are similarly armed, to attack them subjects him to far greater risk of death or severe injury himself than if all parties had lesser weapons. Of course circumstances can be imagined (e.g. attack by ambush) in which aggressors may be able to kill without significant loss. But so can circumstances in which the presence of firearms on both sides lets weaker victims utterly defeat aggressors without significant loss to themselves. For instance, aggressors who attack a house, village or town may be decimated and beaten off without loss by a far weaker number of defenders, whereas, if both parties had only clubs and knives, a physically and numerically superior group of aggressors could break in and massacre victims with minimal danger to themselves.

The point is that when a victim has a gun the overwhelming advantage otherwise enjoyed by physically superior or more numerous aggressors is much lessened. Thus one effect of a ban on citizen firearms ownership is to facilitate geno-politicide — albeit that effect may be unintended and unanticipated by a ban’s authors, and geno-politicide may not occur or may only occur decades after the ban. (A fortiori, gun bans facilitate geno-politicide in the further sense that they are never universal in effect: They do not apply to government, nor do they disarm murderous civilians or groups whom government may license or covertly permit to possess firearms.[22])

In sum, if a government designs to commit geno-politicide it is desirable that the intended victims be disarmed. But I want to emphasize the triviality of this truth lest I seem to endorse some equally patent untruths. To say that disarming the citizenry will facilitate geno-politicide does not mean either: a) that those who advocate gun prohibitions are secretly plotting mass murder; or b) that geno-politicide inevitably follows from banning civilian possession of defensive weaponry; or c) that geno-politicide would not have occurred, or will not occur in the future, merely because the victim population was/is armed. Examples may be envisioned — of which the Holocaust is perhaps a paradigm — in which access to guns would have only marginal benefits because the victim group is so helpless in comparison to the might of the perpetrators of the geno-politicide.[23] These issues will be addressed below. But first it is necessary to clear the air of an absurdity that not only could be but has been implied by JPFO.

In addition to its books, JPFO has published advertisements comparing Sarah Brady to Adolf Hitler. The point thus suggested is as absurd as it is vile and exceeds all bounds of decent political discourse.[24] Persuasive arguments have been made that firearms ownership helps deter geno-politicide or tyranny[25] (however remote those things may be in the U.S.) as well as two million or more acts of self-defense against apolitical crime annually. [26] But any suggestion that Sarah Brady or other American anti-gun advocates have a secret agenda of promoting geno-politicide (or tyranny) is so patently false that it reflects not on them but on the sanity of any party making such a suggestion.

Indeed, insofar as such analogies have any validity, American anti-gun advocates are comparable not to the Nazis but to their victims. Like those victims, anti-gun advocates simply cannot conceive or believe the depth of evil to which a government having “a monopoly of the means of force” may sink. In this connection, it is noteworthy that it was not the Nazis who disarmed the Germans. That was the well-intentioned policy of the Nazis’ predecessors, beginning with the liberal democratic Weimar government, which thus sought to control violent elements of the extreme Right and Left. The Nazis merely accepted the previous policy whereby, all firearms having first been confiscated from the citizenry, acquisition and ownership required licensure by the police or military who had discretion to confine it to friends and supporters of the state (or at least of the military and police).[27] The only change the Nazis made was forbidding Jewish possession of any kind of weapon while exempting Storm Troopers and Nazi Party officials from the Weapons Law.[28]

Thus, if anti-gun advocates can be charged with anything it is not deliberately facilitating geno-politicide, but obliviousness to the possibility that their program might do so. Nor are they alone in being oblivious to evils from which Americans seem safe because those evils are largely remote from our history (though they loom large in the history of other nations). The Reagan-Bush era federal officials who authorized ever-increasing military involvement in the Drug War, despite long-established principles excluding the military from civilian police activities, were oblivious to the possibility that they might be facilitating an eventual military despotism.[29] The same obliviousness characterizes President Clinton and the others who off-handedly suggest deploying the military on street patrol in major American cities and/or for “major weapon sweeps” to confiscate householders’ firearms.[30] In sum, faced with momentarily exigent or insuperable problems, we all may forget or ignore safeguards which are far more important than any exigency of the moment.

Having acquitted anti-gun advocates of intent to aid abuses of state power, I proceed to the more realistic charge that they are obliviousness to that danger. If so arraigned, I suspect anti-gun advocates would brush the charge off on the ground that civilian gun ownership could not deflect geno-politicide. Whether that claim is true will be examined below. But first I must emphasize that in making it anti-gun advocates are merely evading the truth that they are indeed oblivious to the idea that disarming the citizenry may facilitate extreme misuses of governmental power. To demonstrate their obliviousness, a detour onto the subject of “assault weapons” may be useful, though readers who are not independently interested in that subject should be warned to eschew my copious footnoting.

It is clear that, compared to their proportion of the firearm stock, “assault weapons” are under-used in crime; as even Handgun Control, Inc. concedes in candid moments, excepting sensationalized massacres that account for less than .02% of American homicides, in fact such firearms are virtually un-used in crime.[31] Contrary claims made to support banning assault weapons are difficult to explain except as examples of deliberate deceit.[32]

If the case for banning military-style firearms cannot be made on the basis of actual criminal misuse, the real basis for banning them appears in another set of rationales: That, though the arms to be banned are mere semi-automatic replicas of full auto military weapons (i.e. machine guns), it is abhorrent for civilians to want a firearm that even looks like a military weapon or for civilian firearms to be modeled after military ones; moreover, even though current law bars criminals, juveniles and the insane from owning any firearm[33], a ban on assault weapons is needed lest responsible, law-abiding adults have firepower equal or superior to that wielded by police.[34]

These rationales suggest that state abuse of power is a danger to which anti-gun advocates are entirely oblivious. They simply do not consider the possibility that law-abiding, responsible citizens could ever need to defend themselves against the military or the police. Assuming that anti-gun advocates do even remotely consider the concept of the people taking up arms against state power, they apparently dismiss it in absolute confidence that the people would always be in the wrong and the military and police in the right. This absolute confidence is apparently entertained despite the equally absolute failure of anti-gun advocates ever, publicly at least, to have examined the concept. (Gary Wills is the proverbial exception that proves the rule, as discussed below.)

Anti-gun obliviousness to the danger of state abuse of power is epitomized by the new federal “assault weapon” ban. A criterion the ban uses for defining the elusive concept “assault weapon” is whether a rifle has a “bayonet mount.”[35] What is the rationale for banning sales of rifles that can have a bayonet attached? America does not face a wave of crime with bayoneted rifles. Nor can the concern be a pragmatic fear of such weapons being used in citizen challenges to governmental power: Whether civilians’ rifles have bayonet lugs could make no practical difference in a struggle between the citizenry and military or police. The concern with bayonet mounts is purely symbolic: to epitomize the exclusion of civilians from even purely symbolic emblems of defensive or military power.

A concern to strip civilians of military weaponry — down to, and including, even purely symbolic weaponry — closely follows the dominant ideological strain in the gun “control” (more correctly, gun prohibition) movement. For at least 25 years, that dominant ideology has held that defensive firearms ownership by civilians must be banned as part of the “Civilizing Process.”[36] In this dominant ideology “the only reason for guns in civilian hands is for sporting purposes.”[37] In this view it is a defining element of civilized life that civilians are stripped of any means of self- defense and made dependent on the military and police for their physical safety, the mere desire to defend home, family and self being counted “among the worst instincts in the human character.”[38] Anti-gun advocates routinely denounce mere ownership of firearms for defensive purposes as “vigilantism,”[39] a usurpation by citizens of the exclusive prerogative of the state, “anarchy, not order under law — a jungle where each relies on himself for survival.”[40] Accordingly, the anti-gun movement seeks to have Congress enact a national gun licensing program under which self-defense would not be accepted as a ground for gun ownership. Only sportsmen would be allowed to own guns.[41]

These views are epitomized by a series of philippics against gun owners penned by Garry Wills, a nationally syndicated columnist as well as a distinguished cultural historian. Decrying “individual self protection” as “anti-social behavior”, he calls those who own guns for that purpose “anti-citizens”, “anti-patriots”, “enemies of their own patriae.” Professor Wills’ views deserve quotation at length since he comes as close as any anti-gun advocate ever has to addressing the issue of citizen gun ownership vis-a-vis geno-politicide and comparable state abuses:

[The NRA] caves into its nut element, which believes that the citizenry must be armed against its own government. Only if people have guns are they protected from tyranny. The gun nuts who write me say that their liberty may have to be preserved against their own government…. Every civilized society must disarm its citizens against each other. Those who do not trust their own people become predators upon their own people. The sick thing is that haters of fellow Americans often think of themselves as patriots. Give up your gun the gun nut says, and you give up your freedom…. Trust no one but yourself to vindicate your cause. Not the law. Not your representatives. Not your fellow citizens. []Every handgun owned in America is an implicit declaration of war on one’s neighbor. When the chips are down, its owner says, he will not trust any other arbiter but force personally wielded.[42]

These emphatic effusions belie any claim that Professor Wills has ever seriously considered that gun bans facilitate state abuse of power over the citizenry. His are not the words of one who knows that but discounts it as a consideration, having calculated that the abusive state will inevitably be too powerful and determined for any of its victims to escape through armed resistance.[43] (Yet I reiterate that Professor Wills comes closer than any other anti-gun advocate has to expressly considering the issue.) To Professor Wills is it unthinkable that the state would ever do things that would justify citizens in armed self-defense against it. He knows that it is not literally unthinkable; that the possible need for armed self-defense against a rogue state is a major issue for those who defend gun ownership. But he denounces that idea as morally unthinkable, condemning those who think it as “anti-citizens”, “anti-patriots”, “enemies of their own patriae.” He probably chooses this prolix profusion of epithets is because the more traditional epithet is so extremely politically incorrect. Nevertheless the short form of what Professor Wills is saying is that the very idea of self-defense against the state is “un-American.”

Again let me expressly disclaim any implication that Professor Wills is anti-Semitic or a bigot (except against gun owners), much less that he would contemplate or condone mass murder. Having thus cleared the way of false issues, I invite readers to consider how his denunciation of the possession of arms for defense against the state dovetails with the justification a Storm Troop leader gave for rigorous Nazi enforcement of German anti-gun laws:

The associations of the national revival, SA [Storm Troopers], SS [para-military adjunct to the Gestapo] and Stahlhelm [a non-Nazi lunatic fringe para-military organization], offer every decent citizen the opportunity to join their ranks in the struggle. Anyone who does not belong to one of the above named organizations and nonetheless keeps his weapon without permission, or indeed conceals it, must be regarded as an enemy of the national government and will be brought to account without compunction and with the utmost severity.[44]

Or, in the words of Benito Mussolini: “Nothing above the state, nothing outside the state, nothing against the state.”

If those comparisons seem extreme, contrast to the credulous trust Professor Wills feels — and urges on others — in “the law… your representatives … your fellow citizens” — the actual history of pre-Holocaust Nazi Germany where an ever

intensifying campaign of bullying and vicious physical attack culminat[ed] in “Kristallnacht”, the night of Broken Glass [when mobs of ordinary Germans, incited by the Nazis, perpetrated a nationwide] “spontaneous uprising” against the Jews; hundreds were beaten up or killed, their property was smashed, their synagogues burned.[45]

Consider what light the Nazi government’s reaction to Kristallnacht sheds on Professor Wills’ vilification of gun owners who lack his credulous trust in “the law… your representatives.” Calculating the damage to Jewish property at 1 billion Reichsmarks, the Nazis (i.e., the Jews’ “representatives”?) feared that insurance claims in such an extraordinary amount would beggar the German insurance industry. So the Nazi government first canceled the Jews’ insurance coverage by decree and then levied a 1 billion Reichsmark fine on the Jews for having had their property destroyed.[46]

And finally, juxtapose Professor Wills’ belief in the moral necessity of a citizenry rendered physically helpless and entirely dependent on the police to Hermann Goering’s description of the duty of the German national police force he directed: “I refuse the notion that the police are protective troops for Jewish stores. The police protect whoever comes into Germany legitimately, but not Jewish usurers.”[47]

It would be unkind to suggest the gun owners Professor Wills vilifies for their boorish and atavistic mistrust of the state are more aware or intelligent than he. So let us instead consider the suggestion of another distinguished scholar that the Holocaust may bring into question exactly those matters of which Professor Wills is so profoundly certain:

how we can rely on our government, on our fellow citizens, on our neighbors; how we can rely on anyone who today seems at least tolerant, and maybe even friendly, but tomorrow might turn on us with murderous rage just because we are Jews or African Americans or Bosnian Muslims or Irish Protestants or mentally disabled or whatever? [One lesson of the Holocaust may be] … that our government, our neighbors, our friends of today, can quickly and easily become our assassins of tomorrow.[48]

It should be noted that these remarks appear in a commentary on the movie Schindler’s List, not a discussion of gun ownership. But it is also worth noting what Schindler did when he was finally able to free his Jews: “According to Mr. Schindler’s wife Maria, when Schindler decided to liberate his Jewish workers, he handed them all semiautomatic firearms so they could fight the Nazis.”[49]

Comparisons between lives lost in warfare and civilian gun deaths are a common rhetorical device: Thus it is said that more Americans were killed by civilian guns during the Vietnam War than in that war[50]; or that “over the last 25 years more Americans have died in gun-related murders than were killed in the Vietnam War, the Korean War and World War I combined.”[50A] In vain do gun owners protest that most gun deaths are suicides, the largest number of whom are elderly people[50B] — who, perhaps, are better positioned to evaluate for themselves whether to continue to live than are Handgun Control, Inc. or the National Coalition to Ban Handguns. In vain do gun owners point out that, if the issue is murder, that is almost invariably a crime committed by highly atypical gun owners with life histories of violent attack on those around them, felony, substance abuse, and automobile and other dangerous accidents.

In vain do gun owners note that it is irrelevant to the point of bigotry to blame them as a group for murders committed by a tiny proportion of highly atypical violent aberrants. The reply is that if gun control saves even one life, it is worth it. On examination, that reply appears to be disingenuous: For when forced to confront persuasive evidence that gun use by victims saves far more lives annually than illegal use by criminals takes, anti-gun advocates just shift gears, declaring that it is barbaric for a society to sanction victims to use guns as a deterrent to their murder.[50C]

Being steeped in such self-delusive disingenuousness, it is little wonder that the anti-gun advocacy literature pays no serious attention to issues of geno-politicide, pogrom and state abuse of power. Yet if the concern really is (or should be) the numbers of lives lost, focus on those issues eclipses all the rhetorical anti- gun comparisons. Harff and Gurr calculate that geno-politicide since World War II has killed more people than all the world’s wars in that period, including not only Korea, Vietnam and the Gulf War, but also the India-Pakistan Wars, the enormously sanguinary Iran-Iraq War, all the Arab-Israeli wars, the Falkland War and Russia’s Afghan adventure. Likewise, LETHAL LAWS (p. 4) calculates the total number killed by the Nazi murder machine (exclusive of World War II military casualties) at 13 million Jews, Gypsies, political opponents and Polish, Russian and other innocent civilians over the 13 years 1933-45. Roughly 13,315 Americans are murdered annually with guns.[50D] be calculated at c. 13,315. It would take almost 620 years of such murders to equal the number killed by just this particular state.

I trust the foregoing demonstrates that at least some anti-gun advocates are oblivious to these issues, if not “in denial.” Yet readers may be bothered by a point which I shall put as strongly as possible: Yes, governments have exterminated (and/or aided some of their citizens to exterminate) almost 170 million of their own people in this Century.[50E] Yes, it is reasonable to distrust the state and fear the terrible crimes it may occasionally commit. But this does not justify civilians being armed for defense against such crimes. Suffice it to say that it is simply silly to think that if Jews had been armed they could have resisted a German Army which crushed Poland, Denmark, Norway, France, Yugoslavia and Greece in the years 1939-41 and then maintained itself against the combined might of the U.S., the U.S.S.R. and Britain until 1945.

But this claim of futility does not suffice because it doesn’t meet the point. That point is not that an armed citizenry is an insuperable bar to geno-politicide, but that in some circumstances the fact that prospective victims are armed will avert it — or at least will allow vast numbers of victims to resist and escape. In this context it is not the armed citizenry which is irrelevant but the Holocaust — for it is an aberrant example, the only example of a 20th Century geno-politicide as to which it might not have made all that much difference for the victim population to be armed. [50F]

The Holocaust is atypical because Jews amounted to less than .5% of an indifferent (and sometimes actively hostile) continental population. It was relatively easy to round them up and kill them. But what about the Cambodian geno-politicide? Had its 1-3 million victims been armed, it is far from clear that a Khmer Rouge army numbering less than 100,000 could have murdered them. At least, the Khmer Rouge doubted they could have done so. The Cambodians were already largely disarmed, guns having been prohibited from the time of the French occupation. Nevertheless, as a prelude to the geno-politicide, the Khmer Rouge took the extraordinary precaution of a nationwide house-to-house and hut-to-hut search to assure that the citizenry were indeed helpless. The rationale the Khmer Rouge gave their victims for disarming would surely have deceived Professor Wills since it is his own. As one witness reported, they would

knock on the doors and ask the people who answered if they had any weapons. “We are here now to protect you,” the soldiers said, “and no one has a need for a weapon any more.” People who said that they kept no weapons were forced to stand aside and allow the soldiers to look for themselves…[This all] took nine or ten days, and once the soldiers had concluded the villagers were no longer armed they dropped their pretense of friendliness.[50G]

Even closer in point is the survival against Turkish genocide of some armed Armenians. Having systematically disarmed Armenians through a series of decrees over a 25 year period, the Turkish Army and police were able to round up and slaughter ca. 1.1 million by a combination of overt killings and forced marches over hundreds of miles without food or water and in unendurable heat. But the thousands of Armenians from Aleppo province who had secreted guns took to the hills. Having defeated the first Turkish Army units sent against them, they retreated from stronger forces in good order, until they reached the sea from whence the British (who were at war with their murderers) could evacuate them.[50H]

This impels me to pause for a poignant and telling anecdote. In 1916 Britain, France and Czarist Russia, all being then at war with Turkey, self-righteously denounced the Armenian genocide. But Britain and France demurred when approached to support a coup to overthrow the Turkish government and put in place new ministers who pledged to halt the geno-politicide. The problem was that one of the new ministers’ conditions for taking Britain and French support was that those nations publicly eschew their desire to grab up oil- rich Turkish lands in what are now Iraq and Syria.[50I] This outcome speaks volumes for Professor Wills’ prescription that people should trust in government rather than arms: The 1.1 million Armenians whose lives depended on the good will of governments (their own or foreign) perished, while the thousands who depended on their own arms for safety survived.

It bears emphasis that this Anglo-French inaction in the face of genocide is not an isolated exception to a general record which otherwise justifies Professor Wills’ position. On the contrary, if there is anything exceptional about the Armenian genocide it is that England and France bothered to notice the genocide enough to condemn it — a condemnation which, of course, accorded with their national interest. Referring to geno-politicides in the 20th Century, Prof. Harff notes that

lack of international sanctions and/or interventions against massive human rights violators is the norm rather than the exception. Unless national interest combined with the ability to interfere dictates intervention, few efforts are made to ameliorate the suffering of local populations.[50J]

As she has also pointed out “The main precedents for humanitarian interventions” against geno-politicide all involve a more powerful nation intervening in the affairs of an enemy nation: “India in East Pakistan, now Bangladesh in 1971; Vietnam in Cambodia in 1978 and Tanzania in Uganda in 1979. The interveners’ motives in [all] these cases were politically suspect….”[50K]

Returning now to the viability of armed self-defense against mass murder, consider Uganda where 500,000 victims were slain by Idi Amin’s army, which numbered only about 25,000, and secret police (the “State Research Bureau”), which was only 3,000 strong. The army was ill-disciplined and incompetent, and collapsed not long after Amin declared war on Tanzania in late 1978.[50L] Had the 500,000 victims been armed, it is difficult to believe that they would have been slain by forces so small and poorly organized.

And then there is Indonesia. Had its “Communists” and other political dissenters been armed in the mid-1960s, it is all but inconceivable that a half-million or more of them could have been slain by fellow civilians armed with edged weapons, as well as firearms lent them for that purpose by the Indonesian government. [50M]

Of course, had the Indonesian leftists successfully resisted the government’s civilian proxies, that might just have provoked the military to attack directly, leading Indonesia into virtual civil war. Nevertheless, that has not been the pattern in other cases in which armed victims have successfully resisted. The first Turkish geno-politicide against the Armenians occurred in the 1890s and largely involved civilian proxies specially armed by the government for that purpose. Armenians were slaughtered by the tens of thousands. But where Armenians were armed they fought both the irregulars and some Turkish units to a standstill. Perhaps out of fear that civil war or prolonged disorders might provoke foreign intervention, the Army recalled the arms from its proxies and ended the attacks (though the Armenians arms were confiscated, too, which facilitated the second geno-politicide 20 years later).[50N]

The same phenomenon often seems to have occurred in our own South during the early 1960s. Southern police were content to see blacks and civil rights workers brutalized, and even slain, so long as the violence was only by the side they favored. But when blacks displayed arms for self-defense, the police intervened to halt KKK outrages — lest they lead to gun battles in the streets and other disorders.[50-O] It is the view of the International Society for the Prevention of Genocide that “Prompt defensive measures are the most effective means for the prevention of genocide.”[50P] Of course, in taking this view the International Society is doubtless influenced by a further disagreement with Professor Wills, Ms. Friedan, et al. over the legitimacy of self-defense which the Society deems “the most moral” and “the most sacred juridical institution.”)[50Q]

In any event, assuming that the Indonesian leftists had been armed and that their resistance to civilian attackers had caused the Army to join the attack, how would the half-million or more murdered victims have been worse off? Or consider Bosnia where forty-five years of Communist gun banning gave the Serb-controlled former Yugoslavian government just the monopoly of arms Professor Wills extols as requisite to civilized life. And that monopoly has been sustained because ever since Serbian “ethnic cleansing” of Bosnian Moslems began, arms sales to “both sides” have been barred by European governments that agree Professor Wills’ belief that “Every civilized society must disarm its citizens against each other.” The result in the past two years has been the massacre of over 200,000 unarmed Bosnian men, women and children. Though even President Clinton belatedly disagrees, those European governments adamantly insist on continuing the embargo to the Bosnians (as to their own citizens) confident, to quote Ms. Friedan, “that lethal violence even in self-defense only engenders more violence and that gun control should override any personal need for safety.”

As Professor Wills, Ms. Friedan, et al. ought to be aware, the resulting genocide against Bosnians Muslims is not some unique, or even unusual, phenomenon. Tragically, the 200,000 Muslims who have died as a result of policies based on the anti-gun worldview are but the latest of 50+ million unarmed civilians massacred by gun- banning European governments in this Century. Given this history, the “gun nuts”, “anti-citizens, anti-patriots”, Professor Wills, Ms. Friedan et al. so vilify may, in their turn, wonder whether he and she and their European compeers suffer under some kind of learning disability.

If the foregoing seems too harsh an assessment it may be that to many Americans geno-politicide is so remote that they dismiss out of hand whether measures to preclude it have relevance in fashioning public policy. LETHAL LAWS serves as an antidote to such myopia — a reminder of the frequency of 20th Century geno-politicide even in “First World” powers such as Germany, the USSR and China.

As a “reality check” for Americans who reflexively dismiss the relevance of geno-politicide, consider a “thought experiment” for which I am indebted to Rutgers University Law Professor Robert Cottrol: Let us suppose we could go back to the year 1900 and inform a select group of the most eminent savants that within 50 years a great nation will exterminate a minority group. Having done so, we solicit their guesses as to whom both the victim group and the perpetrator nation would be. The peril of myopically ignoring the possibility of geno-politicide is illustrated by the fact that in 1900 not even the most perspicacious and knowledgeable observers would have been able to predict the Holocaust. Yes, they might have listed the Jews as a likely victim group. But other victim groups would have been ranked as likelier targets; and, as to potential perpetrators, the U.S. would have been ranked very high — while Germany would not have figured at all, in Europe at least.[50R]

In 1941, our government herded 100,000 American citizens of Japanese descent into concentration camps, as a result of which they lost (along with their freedom) billions of dollars in property — all their businesses, virtually all their personal property of any value, and much of their realty. As with the Turkish geno-politicide against the Armenians, American policy was based on wartime fear of a poorly-understood minority group which, having suffered decades of discrimination, was believed likely to be disloyal. Fearing sabotage, espionage and other “Fifth Column” activities there as well, the U.S. even urged Central and South American governments to round up their own citizens of Japanese descent and ship them to the U.S. for internment in our camps.[50S]

Nevertheless our policy differed from that of the Turks in one pertinent and fundamental respect: Genocide was neither our intent nor the result. But LETHAL LAWS raises the disturbing question of what might have happened had the terrible defeats we suffered at and after Pearl Harbor continued beyond the battle of Midway. In that battle the Imperial Japanese fleet marshalled a potentially overwhelming force. Had we not deciphered the Japanese codes and known their plan in advance, Midway might have resulted in another staggering U.S. defeat rather than being a catastrophe from which the Japanese fleet never recovered. As a result, Hawaii might have been captured and the entire, highly vulnerable West Coast menaced by invasion or at least extensive raiding and shelling. Had such a disaster befallen the U.S., there would have been no steady diet of victories after Midway to assuage the violent fury of the American populace over the Pearl Harbor attack. Demagogues searching for a scapegoat might well have blamed the Midway defeat and loss of Hawaii on subversion by Japanese-Americans in Hawaii (who were not interned because they were too large a proportion of the populace) and exploited paranoid fears of supposed sabotage on the Mainland. Further suspicions might have been fueled if the hot-air balloons equipped with incendiary devices that Japan released toward our Pacific Northwest had produced mysterious, massive forest fires, which was the Japanese intent.[50T]

In these circumstances, might America have committed genocide against Japanese-Americans? Before dismissing the question as far- fetched, consider a Gallup Poll taken in 1944 — by which time America’s eventual victory in the war seemed assured. Nevertheless, asked “What do you think we should do with Japan, as a country, after the war?”, 13% of the respondents answered, “Kill all Japanese people.”[50U]

And yet evidence is not entirely lacking from which one might infer that our institutions give the U.S. some insulation from the evil of geno-politicide. Consider the history of the Second Ku Klux Klan which in the U.S. was initially much more successful than was the Nazi Party in Germany. At its high point in the 1920s, KKK membership exceeded 4.25 million and even outside the deep South the KKK “came to wield great political power, dominating for a time the states of Oregon, Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas, Indiana, Ohio and California”, as well as wielding substantial power in New Jersey and Illinois.[50V] One element in this success was the severe economic downturn of the immediate post-WWI years which persisted throughout the 1920s in the nation’s agricultural areas.[50X] Another was that (if I may be excused for quoting myself):

A younger generation of blacks — led by soldiers returning from World War I familiar with guns and willing to fight for the equal treatment they had received in other lands — had to be painfully reintroduced to the forces of social control.[50Y]

Those forces of social control included restrictive gun laws directed against African-Americans. Over a period of two centuries those laws had played an indispensable part in Southern control of slaves and, after the Civil War, of freedmen.[50Z] This legacy to the Second KKK from the triumph of its ancestor, the First KKK, and beyond was further buttressed when in 1911 New York State followed Southern examples (and presaged post-WWI Germany) by conditioning handgun ownership on obtaining a police license — a requirement intended to disarm Italians, Jews and other supposedly criminous immigrant groups.[50-AA]

Even so, the American tradition of armed self-defense was difficult to eradicate. When attacked by the Klan and/or other racist groups in the 1910s and 1920s, armed victims defended themselves vigorously; mob members and other attackers were killed or wounded and the Klan defeated by “mass, armed counterattacks so determined that the National Guard was called out on at least one occasion.”[50-BB]

It is not surprising that the threat of uncontrolled firearms ownership formed a leit motif in the KKK’s warnings against dangers which were no less terrifying for being imaginary: “that Catholics were stockpiling weapons to take over the country”; that “white people must ready themselves for an imminent race war with people of color”[50-CC]; that America was being inundated with radical alien immigrants like Sacco and Vanzetti (arrested under a Massachusetts gun control law) whom many Americans fearfully associated with the savage, bloody revolutions radicals had staged first in Russia and then in post-World War I Hungary and Germany[51]; and that the danger of radical uprising was enormously magnified by the machinations of the Catholic Church which was so dedicated to its long-time goal of violently overthrowing free American government that it was willing to make common cause with leftist radicals for that purpose.[52]

Concomitantly, 1917-1927 were the watershed years for states to enact firearms licensing requirements which, like those of pre- Nazi Germany, allowed police to selectively deny firearms to those deemed untrustworthy. In both North and South, the states adopting such laws during that period were Klan-controlled or substantially Klan-influenced.[53] Likewise a Congressional ban on cheap handguns was proposed by a Tennessee senator for the express purpose of allowing “the dominant race” to prevent “the carrying by colored people of a concealed deadly weapon, most often a pistol….”[54]

But by the end of the 1930s the Klan was discredited and in steep decline, unable to take any advantage of the same Depression that brought the Nazis to power in Germany. One factor in the KKK’s defeat and decline was that its victims continued to have access to the means of self-defense. The credit for that continued access accrues to the National Rifle Association and the U.S. Revolver Association, whose unceasing efforts caused such laws to be defeated, repealed or held unconstitutional across the nation. [55]

America’s rejection of the Second Klan was neither solely nor primarily attributable to our tradition of firearms ownership and armed self-defense. But that tradition had three important effects: First, armed self-defense brought police intervention which martyrdom would not have. African-Americans, Catholics, Jews, immigrants and radicals were neither popular nor powerful in the areas in which the KKK thrived. Public authorities and influential private citizens might have been content to see unarmed victims brutalized or slain, if the violence could have been so confined.[56] But when victims arm themselves, authorities feel compelled to take action, lest incidents lead to widespread bloodshed and disorder.[57] Florida’s

Gov. Martin spoke out forcefully. Such a situation in which “mobs formed at night to terrorize the community and [so] citizens had to carry concealed weapons” [for their own protection] could not continue.[58]

As the author of the law that broke the theretofore-increasing power of the Klan in another state put it, “We don’t want conditions in North Dakota to become such that a man must carry a pistol to be safe.”[59]

Second, gun ownership gave victim groups both the courage and the means to maintain themselves in the face of the KKK threat and police indifference or hostility.[60] And victim perseverance was essential to eventually discrediting the KKK. By defeating its initial attacks, managing to maintain themselves and asserting their rights, victims showed the way and encouraged decent citizens in the majority community to come to their aid. Third, because those decent citizens were themselves armed, they were encouraged to speak out, thereby generating the overall community support that eventually ostracized the Second KKK into obscurity.[61]

In this connection, I have always found surprising the self- righteousness with which many Americans condemn the entire German people for not “doing something” to end the Holocaust and the years of preceding Nazi atrocities. No doubt many Germans who learned of those horrors actively endorsed them. But any who felt differently and might have sought to stop the horrors had been systematically disarmed and systematically propagandized to eschew guns as things possessed only by criminals, Communists and other demonized left- wing extremists.[62] Even though the Germany Army and the SS Deaths Head Units (Waffen SS) were fully occupied on the Eastern and Western Fronts, if decent Germans wanted to “do something” to stop the Holocaust, what “something” could they do? Were they supposed to attack the concentration camp guards with their bare hands?

Professor Wills, Ms. Friedan, et al take as a moral truth, and an indispensable element of civilized life, Max Weber’s definition of the state as a “community that (successfully) claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory.”[63] Despite its appeal to many modern American opinion leaders, Weber’s definition conflicts sharply with the spirit of an American Constitution and Bill of Rights enacted in an era which

abound[ed] with favorable references to the citizenry’s widespread possession of personal arms as characteristic of the “diffusion of power” necessary to preserve liberty [and] … fears that the new federal government might disarm the populace, leading to a “monopoly of power [which] is the most dangerous of all monopolies.”[64]

Concomitantly, Weber’s dictum, “The state is considered the sole source of the right to use violence,” conflicts with the American concept of inalienable rights and the entire liberal philosophical tradition on which it rests. However accepted the idea of the state as a (much less “the sole”) source of the right to self-defense may be in European philosophy today, it contradicts what the Founders deemed fundamental in their own beliefs and those of the European philosophers they embraced: That there is a “natural right of resistance and self-preservation, when the sanctions of society and laws are found insufficient to restrain the violence of oppression” — which right is “the primary law of nature [and, therefore, cannot be] taken away by the law of society.”[65]

Professor Wills and other anti-gun advocates may disagree with the idea of inalienable rights or of self-defense as such a right. But they would be quite wrong to think that their disapprobation for the private use of force finds sanction in Weber’s definition of the state as an entity enjoying a monopoly of the use of force. On the contrary, as Weber himself saw, implicit in his definition is that the state may privilege private citizens to kill whenever the state wants — even in circumstances where killing would be clearly illegal in our society which deems self-defense sacred and inalienable.[66] Thus, for those elite Europeans who are licensed to possess firearms the privilege to use them has traditionally far exceeded the right of self-protection enjoyed by Americans. For instance, under the West German “criminal code of 1975 (as well as the superseded [German] code of 1871), everyone who suffers an unjustified invasion of rights has an absolute privilege to use whatever force is necessary….” That is to say, a privileged European gun owner who suffers a minor assault by a non-privileged, unarmed European could legally shoot him if “necessary to thwart the invasion.” Likewise, “If the only way to stop a fleeing thief, even a child stealing fruit, is to shoot the thief, the courts and the scholars have supported the property owner’s right to use deadly force.”[67]

Our Constitution, including the Second Amendment, derives from a “republican” philosophy which held, as Thomas Paine put it, that “arms like laws discourage and keep the invader and plunderer in awe and preserve order in the world… Horrid mischief would ensue were [victims] deprived of the use of them… the weak will become a prey to the strong.” A further tenet of the republican view is that (quoting Paine again) when victims are disarmed and weak it “allures the ruffian” [68]; but, conversely, when victims are armed and defend themselves from oppression it draws to them the support of other good people. As the English liberal Francis Place explained how hatred and violence against Jews were eradicated in 18th Century England:

Dogs could not be used in the streets in the manner many Jews were treated. One circumstance among others put an end to the ill-usage of the Jews. About the year 1787 Daniel Mendoza, a Jew, became a celebrated boxer and set up a school to teach the art of boxing as a science. The art soon spread among young Jews and they became generally expert at it. The consequence was in a very few years seen and felt too. It was no longer safe to insult a Jew unless he was an old man and alone. But even if the Jews were unable to defend themselves, the few who would now be disposed to insult them merely because they are Jews, would be in danger of chastisement from the passers-by and of punishment from the police.[69]

Two related tenets of that tradition were that to be armed for self-defense is as much a profound moral commitment as a practical necessity[70], and that the surest way to avoid bloodshed is by keeping “the invader and plunderer in awe….”

Such ideas are, of course, foreign to opinion leaders who feel “that lethal violence even in self-defense only engenders more violence and that” prospective victims’ desire to be able to defend home, family and self represents “the worst instincts in the human character.”[71] Equally foreign to Ms. Friedan, the editors of the WASHINGTON POST, et al., is the terrible truth our classically educated Founders knew from Thucydides’ rendition of a genocide he himself sorrowfully records. In 416 B.C. the Athenians put the population of Melos to the sword, exempting only those deemed suitable for sale as slaves. The lesson Thucydides drew remains as inescapably true today as it was 2400 years ago: “The strong do what they will, the weak endure what they must.” Conscious of that terrible but inescapable truth, our Founders rejected the concept of state “monopoly of [armed] power … the most dangerous of all monopolies”, in favor of what James Madison, author of the Second Amendment, acclaimed as “the advantage of being armed, which the Americans possess over the people of almost every other nation” and guaranteed individuals the right to possess arms in order to assure the “‘diffusion of power’ necessary to preserve liberty.”[72]



* Attorney and criminologist, San Francisco, CA. The author wishes to thank the following for helpful comments: Prof. Robert Cottrol, Rutgers University – Law; Prof. Ted Robert Gurr, University of Maryland – Political Science; Prof. Barbara Harff, U.S. Naval Academy (Annapolis) – Political Science; Dr. C. Kates, F.A.C.S., Novato, CA; Ms. Marilyn King, Novato, CA; Prof. Daniel Polsby, Northwestern University – Law; Rudolf J. Rummel, University of Hawaii – Political Science. Of course, for errors of fact or interpretation the author is alone responsible. =======================================================================

1. Quoted in Don B. Kates, “Why A Civil Libertarian Opposes Banning Guns”, CIVIL LIBERTIES REVIEW, June-July, 1976 at p. 26.

2. Quoted in Richard Munday, “The Monopoly of Power”, a paper delivered to the 1991 annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology.

3. From an official commentary on the German Firearms Act of 1937 quoted in Don B. Kates, RESTRICTING HANDGUNS 185 (1979).

4. R. Sherrill, THE SATURDAY NIGHT SPECIAL 176 (N.Y., Penguin, 1975). For examples, see: the contrasting treatments scattered throughout two early books C. Bakal, NO RIGHT TO BEAR ARMS (N.Y. Paperback Library, 1967) and R. Kukla, GUN CONTROL (Harrisburg, Pa., Stackpole 1973) (anti-gun and pro-gun respectively); Ramsey Clark, CRIME IN AMERICA 90 (Simon & Schuster, 1970); and the full chapters devoted to foreign comparisons in GUNS DON’T DIE, PEOPLE DO (N.Y. Priam, 1981) by Handgun Control, Inc. chairman Nelson “Pete” Shields and GUNS, CRIME AND FREEDOM (Washington, Regnery: 1994) by NRA executive vice president Wayne LaPierre.

5. F. Zimring and G. Hawkins, THE CITIZEN’S GUIDE TO GUN CONTROL 9 (N.Y. Macmillan, 1986).

6. Diane H. Shetky, “Children and handguns: A public health concern” 139 Am. J. Dis. Child. 229 (1985), Shields supra at 67.

7. Abraham Tennenbaum, “Israel Has A Successful Gun Control Policy” in Charles P. Cozic, GUN CONTROL: CURRENT CONTROVERSIES 250 (San Diego, Greenhaven, 1992). In this connection it is instructive to note that, though the American suicide rate is higher than our murder rate, and very much higher than Israel’s, the suicide rates in many European nations are so much higher than the American rate that they actually equal or exceed the American rates for murder and suicide combined.

8. Id.; Compare Swiss and Israeli laws and practices cited in Glenn H. Reynolds & Don B. Kates, “The Second Amendment and States’ Rights: A Thought Experiment”, forthcoming in WILLIAM AND MARY LAW REVIEW (1995) and Don B. Kates, “Handgun Prohibition and the Original Meaning of the Second Amendment”, 82 MICH. L. REV. 203, 249, n. 193 (1983) (cited hereinafter as “Original Meaning”) to Title 18 U.S.C. Sec. 922(o) and the newly enacted (v) and 26 U.S.C. Sec. 5845.

9. Tennenbaum, supra, at 248.

10. For discussion of gun availability and carrying under Swiss law see David Kopel, “Peril or Protection? The Risks and Benefits of Handgun Prohibition”, 12 ST. L. U. PUBLIC L. REV. 285, 299 (1993) and David Kopel, THE SAMURAI, THE MOUNTIE, AND THE COWBOY: SHOULD AMERICA ADOPT THE GUN CONTROL OF OTHER DEMOCRACIES?, ch. 8 (Prometheus 1992); see also Reynolds & Kates, supra.

11. See e.g. the guest editorial by Israeli criminologist Abraham Tennenbaum, “Handguns could help” Baltimore Sun, October 26, 1991.

12. Don B. Kates, “Firearms and Violence: Old Premises, New Research” in 1 T. Gurr (ed.) VIOLENCE IN AMERICA at p. 209. Though common in Israel, such events are, for some reason, rarely reported in the American press. Compare the following from an Ap. 7, 1994 A.P. release which appeared in few papers except the MARIN (CA) INDEPENDENT JOURNAL p. A3: “JERUSALEM — A Palestinian opened fire with a submachine gun at a bus stop near the port of Ashdod today, killing one Israeli and wounding four before being shot to death by bystanders, officials said…. National police spokesman Eric Bar-Chen said today’s attacker, who was armed with an Uzi submachine gun, was shot and killed by a civilian and a soldier who were at the bus stop and hitchhiking post used by soldiers. Ashdod is 15 miles South of Tel Aviv and 15 miles north of the Gaza Strip…. Bar-Chen identified the gunman as a Palestinian from the Shati refugee camp in the Gaza Strip. ‘Six ammunition clips and a knife were found on his body,’ he added.”

13. Such policies have been adopted by statute, administrative practice or judicial decision in a dozen or more states including Connecticut, Florida, Indiana, Oregon, Pennsylvania and Washington. Unfortunately, in most of them the policy is too new to allow for any coherent result to be evaluated. The best that can be said is that in no case has the policy resulted in sharply increased murder rates as would be predicted by believers in the notion that guns in the hands even of law-abiding, responsible adults “cause” murder. In Florida, five years of widespread concealed carry licensure has correlated with sharply reduced homicide. (We emphasize correlated in deference to the all too often neglected truism that correlation is not proof of causation.) See Clayton E. Cramer & David B. Kopel, “SHALL ISSUE”: THE NEW WAVE OF CONCEALED HANDGUN PERMIT LAWS (Golden, CO: Independence Institute, 1994), forthcoming in TENNESSEE LAW REVIEW (1995).

14. THE SAMURAI, THE MOUNTIE [etc.] supra, winner of the 1992 Comparative Criminology Award of the Division of International Criminology of the American Society of Criminology.

15. For instance, at p. 314 LETHAL LAWS notes among the targets of the Cambodian genocide “all Khmer Muslims (Chads).” Professors Harff and Gurr note that this genocide has been little recognized because it amounted to only about 200,000 deaths (about one-half of the whole Chad people) out of a Cambodian bodycount that may be as much as 15 times greater. Barbara Harff & Ted Robert Gurr, “Toward Empirical Theory of Genocides and Politicides: Identification and Measurement of Cases Since 1945”, 32 INT’L. STUD. Q. 359, 366 (1988).

16. Compare LETHAL LAWS at p. 315 (“It seems safe to conclude that Pol Pot murdered about one million Cambodians, some 14% of the population.”) to Professor Leiser’s estimate of “some two to three million” Cambodian deaths. Burton M. Leiser, “Victims of Genocide” in Diane Sank & David I. Caplan, TO BE A VICTIM: ENCOUNTERS WITH CRIME AND JUSTICE 278 (N.Y. Plenum Books: 1991). See also Harff & Gurr, supra at 364, listing the death toll at 800,000-3,000,000.

17. The complexities of defining “genocide”, and distinguishing it from other varieties of murder and oppression are addressed by a leading theoretician, Barbara Harff, “Recognizing Genocides and Politicides” in Helen Fein (ed.), GENOCIDE WATCH (New Haven, Yale: 1992); see also Harff & Gurr supra and Barbara Harff & Ted Robert Gurr, “Victims of the State: Genocides, Politicides and Group Repression Since 1945” 1 INT’L REV. VICTIMOL. 23 (1989) (cited hereinafter as “Harff & Gurr-Victims”).

For present purposes I have adopted the term suggested by Harff (pp. 27-28), “geno-politicide” and her definition of it as “the promotion and execution by the state or its agents that result in the deaths of a substantial portion of a group. In genocides the victimized groups are defined primarily in terms of their communal characteristics. In politicides, by contrast, groups are defined primarily in terms of their political opposition to the regime and dominant group.” In addition, I shall follow Harff’s distinction of geno-politicides from “pogroms” which she describes as “short-lived outbursts by mobs, which, although often condoned by authorities, rarely persist.” The distinction here is that Harff specifies that geno-politicide must have occurred over an (admittedly arbitrary) time period of at least six months. If that durational requirement is fulfilled, it is irrelevant whether the killing is by government agents directly or by government-condoned private actors. Id. at 37; see also Harff & Gurr, supra at 24 defining geno-politicides as including instances in which state agents “assist or knowingly acquiesce in the killing of undesirable groups by vigilantes, “death squads”, or private militia. [Also] instances [in which] governments simply ignore their obligations to protect vulnerable minorities attacked by murderous mobs or profiteers.” See examples discussed infra.

18. The first was Jay Simkin & Aaron Zelman, “Gun Control: Gateway to Tyranny” (1992) (available from JPFO, 2872 South Wentworth Avenue; Milwaukee, WI 53207, [414] 767-0760) (hereinafter cited as “German Gun Control”).

19. See, e.g. two works by David I. Caplan who, like his wife, Professor Sue Wimmershoff-Caplan, is a member of the NRA national board of directors: The Warsaw Ghetto: 10 Handguns Against Tyranny, Am. Rifleman, Feb. 1988 (reprinted in NEW DIMENSIONS, special issue 1989) and “Weapons Control Laws: Gateways to Oppression and Genocide” in Sank & Caplan, supra. See also: Elliott Rothenberg, Jewish History Refutes Gun Control Activists, Am. Rifleman, Feb. 1988; Wayne LaPierre (NRA Executive Director), GUNS, CRIME AND FREEDOM 166-70 (Washington, D.C., Regnery: 1994); John Salter, “Civil Rights and Self-Defense”, AGAINST THE CURRENT, July-August, 1988; Raymond Kessler, “The Ideology of Gun Control”, Q. Journal of Ideology 381 (1988), and “Gun Control and Political Power” 5 LAW & POLICY Q. 381 (1983); Stefan Tahmassebi (an NRA employee), “Gun Control and Racism”, 2 GEO MASON CIV. RTS. L. J. 67 (1991); J. Neil Schulman, “Talk at Temple Beth Shir Shalom” in J. Neil Schulman, STOPPING POWER: WHY 70 MILLION AMERICANS OWN GUNS (Santa Monica, CA, Centurion, 1994).

20. There are, unfortunately, far more than seven instances of geno-politicide in this Century. Harff & Gurr, supra, pp. 363-5, writing in 1988, identified “forty four episodes of state-sponsored mass murder” which meet their criteria since World War II alone. But their criteria expressly accept small instances as well as vast ones. (“A ‘few hundred’ killed constitutes as much genocide or politicide as the death of thousands if the victim group is small to begin with.” (Harff & Gurr-Victims, supra at 26.) Also, eight of their forty-four instances involve yet other geno-politicides in the same nations LETHAL LAWS covers and in which the same anti-gun laws were still in effect. Nor did the victims in any of the forty- four geno-politicides have widespread access to firearms for their defense. (Private communication from Prof. Harff. See also next footnote.)

21. In many even fairly recent instances of geno-politicide the killings were substantially or primarily committed against unarmed victims by the use of clubs, edged weapons, agricultural implements and other makeshift or primitive weaponry. This includes Burundi, Rwanda, India and even Cambodia (where the Khmer Rouge cadres were generally equipped with firearms but often bayoneted or clubbed the victims to death rather than shooting them). Private communications with Professors Gurr and Harff.

22. Thus, for instance, many of the 500,000 or more slaughtered Indonesian “Communists” were killed by right wing civilians with firearms specially provided them for that purpose by the Indonesian government. More current examples of civilian “killing squads that are not only accepted but often endorsed by governing authorities” are found in the Philippines and El Salvador. Harff supra at 37. For similar phenomena in the Ottoman Empire of the 1890s and Bosnia in the 1990s see discussion infra.

23. While arms might not have made a great deal of difference in the Holocaust, where arms were available they saved some lives. Caplan cites an incident in which a Dutch gentile concealing Jewish children shot a Nazi police officer who had detected her “crime.” In Sank & Caplan supra at 308. Compare Nechama Tec, DEFIANCE: THE BIELSKI PARTISANS (STORY OF THE LARGEST ARMED RESCUE OF JEWS BY JEWS IN WORLD WAR II) (Oxford, Oxford U. Press: 1993). There were other more or less successful Jewish uprisings. See, e.g. Yechiel Granatstein, The War of a Jewish Partisan (Brooklyn: Mesorah, 1986) and Chaika Grossman, The Underground Army: Fighters of the Bialystok Ghetto (N.Y.: Holocaust Library, 1987). Even in the death camps of Sobibor and Treblinka, Jews seized arms from the Nazi guards and attempted to escape. A few succeeded, and, more significantly, the camps had to be closed prematurely. LETHAL LAWS supra note 2, at 158.

24. The advertisement appears at p. 133 of German Gun Law supra, featuring pictures of both Hitler and Brady. In defense of JPFO, it may be noted that the advertisement does not expressly suggest that anti-gun advocates plot or condone geno-politicide. Rather it denounces as bigotry the central tenet of anti-gun advocacy which blames on law abiding, responsible gun owners a homicide rate which is the work of a tiny, highly aberrant and atypical subset of criminal gun owners. JPFO is, of course, correct that it is bigotry to blame a large group of entirely innocent people for ills perpetrated by a tiny fraction of highly atypical members. It is surprising that liberal, enlightened people who would properly denounce the bigotry of blaming a whole (racial or ethnic) group for crimes committed by some people of that race or ethnicity commonly attribute to gun owners in general the violence committed by a tiny fraction of highly atypical and violent aberrants.

Nevertheless, even though anti-gun advocates often engage in such bigotry — which is a staple of American political discourse, e.g., the all too common suggestion that the ACLU is to blame for crime — that does not remotely justify comparing them to Adolf Hitler. Regarding the innocence of gun owners generally and the aberrance of murderers, compare J. Wright & P. Rossi, ARMED AND DANGEROUS: A SURVEY OF FELONS AND THEIR FIREARMS 4 (N.Y., Aldine: 1986) (“It is clear that only a very small fraction of privately owned firearms are ever involved in crime or [unlawful] violence, the vast bulk of them being owned and used more or less exclusively for sport and recreational purposes, or for self-protection.”) to Don B. Kates, “The Value of Civilian Arms Possession as Deterrent to Crime or Defense Against Crime”, 18 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL LAW 113, 127 (1991) (“Murderers generally have long prior histories of criminal and other dangerously aberrant behavior.”). See also Don B. Kates, “Bigotry, Symbolism, and Ideology in the Battle Over Gun Control,” 1992 PUBLIC INTEREST LAW JOURNAL 31. 25. See, e.g. Sanford Levinson, “The Embarrassing Second Amendment”, 99 YALE L. J. 637 (1989). [and the 1999 Wheeler article cited at the start of the text, supra.]

26. Gary Kleck and Marc Gertz, “Armed Resistance to Crime: The Prevalence and Nature of Self-Defense with a Gun”, forthcoming in the 85 J. OF CRIM. L. AND CRIMIN. # 2 (1995), Gary Kleck, POINT BLANK: GUNS AND VIOLENCE IN AMERICA (N.Y., Aldine, 1991) ch. 4; see also Gary A. Mauser, “Gun Control in the United States,” 3 CRIMINAL LAW FORUM 147 (1992).

27. German Gun Control supra 7; LETHAL LAWS supra at pp. 149-183, discussing and translating the August 7, 1920 Law on the Disarmament of the People and April 12, 1928 Law on Firearms and Ammunition.

28. March 18, 1938 Weapons Law Sec. 12, 18 and 19 exempting: “Members of the SS-Reserves and the SS Deathshead Units”; a plethora of Nazi Party officials; officers in the Hitler Youth movement, the SA and the SS; and Nazi Party Departments authorized by the Fuhrer’s Deputy to stockpile arms for distribution to their members. See translation at pp. 165 and 167 of LETHAL LAWS. Compare Dec. 12, 1938 Gestapo circular and 1938 German legal commentary — both excerpted on the first page of this essay-review.

29. See, e.g. Peter B. Kraska, “The Police and Military in the Post-Cold War Era: Streamlining the State’s Use of Force Entities in the Drug War” 4 POLICE FORUM 1 (1994), Charles J. Dunlap, Jr. “Welcome to the Junta: The Erosion of Civilian Control of the U.S. Military”, 29 WAKE FOREST LAW REVIEW 341 (1994) and a mock-history warning by Col. Dunlap which won the Joint Chiefs of Staff award, “The Origins of the American Military Coup of 2012”, 22 PARAMETERS 2 (1992-3) (U.S. Army War College Quarterly).

30. McGrory, “An Annus Horribilis For Us All”, WASHINGTON POST Jan. 3, 1993, p. C-1 (In Somalia, “The Marines [went] … door to door, demanding the residents turn over all firearms. Let’s hope they take careful notes so they can repeat the exercise here.”); Toledo, Ohio BLADE editorial “The Gun Confiscators” Dec. 17, 1992 (same); Catherine O’Neill, “Bring in the Army to End the Fear”, LOS ANGELES TIMES ; “D.C. Mayor Calls for [National] Guard to Fight Crime, MARIN INDEPENDENT JOURNAL, Oct. 23, 1993 (Mayor Sharon Pratt Kelly asked the President to assign 3,000 armed National Guard personnel to patrol the District of Columbia); U.S. Newswire, Inc., Transcript of President’s Oct. 4, 1993, remarks during “A California Town Hall Meeting”). See also the call by the president of the L.A. Medical Association for a “‘military attack'” on ghetto areas, “‘make a sweep through those neighborhoods, take all the weapons…'” (quoted in Cotton, “CDC Investigators Explore New Territory in Aftermath of Unrest in Los Angeles” 267 J. Am. Med. Ass’n. 3001 [1992]) and the Superintendent of the Chicago Police Department’s opinion that to seize guns “some constitutional rights of citizens should be suspended.” “To Fight Crime, Official Would Suspend Rights”, WASHINGTON POST July 13, 1991, P. A6.

31. See, e.g. “The Folly of Focusing on ‘Assault Weapons'” by anti- gun advocate Osha Gray Davidson, NEW YORK TIMES, Aug. 24, 1994 and James Jacobs, “Assault Rifles Are Bad Targets”, NEWSDAY, May 28, 1993.

Gary Kleck, POINT BLANK: GUNS AND VIOLENCE IN AMERICA 73 (Aldine, N.Y. 1991) quotes an HCI spokesman admitting that assault weapons “play a small role in overall violent crime.” Prof. Kleck comments: “Although there was no upward trend in sales of semi- automatic centerfire rifles in the general public from the early 1970’s to the late 1980’s, it might be argued that the prevalence of ownership and use of these and other weapons falling into the broad “AW” category increased among criminals during this period. There are no reliable quantitative trend data for this period, partly because the matter did not become an issue until late in the period. The best available information appears to be that pertaining to Dade County [Miami] trends. [The Florida Commission on Assault Weapons’] informal 1990 survey of the seven firearms examiners in that county yielded the unanimous opinion that “AW” use in shootings had been slowly and steadily declining since 1981.

“It was commonplace for news sources in the late 1980s to refer to ‘assault rifles’ as the ‘favored’ weapon of criminals, or, more specifically, of drug dealers and youth gangs. There is no hard evidence to support such a claim, either for criminals in general or for these specific types of criminals. Analyses of samples of guns seized by police from criminals indicate that only a small fraction can be described as ‘assault weapons.’ This fraction was less than 3% (“assault rifles” only) in Los Angeles in 1988, 1/2 of 1% (“assault-type long guns”) in New York City in 1988, 8% (“assault weapons”) in Oakland, California, less than 3% (semiautomatic rifles, including sporting ones) in Chicago, and 0% (“assault weapons” covered under the 1989 federal import ban) in Washington, D.C. Of 217 homicides committed in 1989 in Dade County (Miami) Florida, 3 or 1.4% involved an ‘assault weapon.'” Id. at 72-3.

Less than 1.9% of firearms submitted to the California Bureau of Forensic Services Laboratories for analysis in connection with murder or assault in 1990 were on the list of firearms whose future sale was prohibited by the California assault weapon ban. Based on a larger list of “assault-type weapons” submitted in 1986 and 1987 (prior to the in 1989 California law), only 2.3% of guns in murders and assaults fell into that category. Of the 1,979 firearms seized in raids by the California Bureau of Narcotics Enforcement in 1990, only 2.9% were on the prohibited list. — Feb. 13, 1991 memorandum from S. Helsley, Assistant Director of the California Department of Justice Investigation and Enforcement Branch to the Director of the Division of Law Enforcement.

For a detailed review of the latest studies and statistics nationwide, see Edgar A. Suter, M.D. “‘Assault Weapons’ Revisited: An Analysis of the AMA Report” 83 MEDICAL J. GEORGIA 281 (1994). 32. The following epitomize the pervasive misinformation and deceit involved: 1) During private strategy sessions between the California Attorney General and other supporters of the proposed California assault weapon ban it was suggested that his Department of Justice could compile a study of the extent to which such weapons are actually misused. According to an internal Department of Justice memorandum the suggestion was rejected out of a frank realization that such a study “was unlikely to support the theses on which the [Act] would be based.” (The memorandum went on to describe the arms the banned arms as constituting “no conceivable threat” to the public.) Feb. 14, 1991 memorandum to Assistant Attorney General P. Kenady from S. Helsley, Assistant Director of DOJ’s Investigation and Enforcement Branch. 2) The NEW YORK TIMES quotes the author of the federal assault weapon ban, Senator Dianne Feinstein, as singling “out the [Steyr] AUG, for instance as the ‘favorite of drive-by shooters because of its light weight and firepower.'” (Weiss, “A Hoplophobe Among the Gunnies”, September 11, 1994 NEW YORK TIMES magazine p. 66.) But when Daniel Gifford, a freelance journalist checked this he was told by California law enforcement officials that there were no more than 10,000 AUGs in the country, mostly owned by law enforcement, serious collectors and the movie industry, and that calls to other police agencies across the nation found no one who had ever heard of an AUG being used in a drive-by shooting. 3) Urging the enactment of an assault weapon ban, Col. Leonard Supenski of the Baltimore County Police Department declaimed “We’re tired of passing out flags to the widows of [Baltimore] officers killed by drug dealers with Uzis.” (LOS ANGELES TIMES, May 25, 1990.) The F.B.I., however, reports that only one officer has ever been killed with an Uzi and that was in Puerto Rico, not Baltimore. Less than 1.5% of police officers killed in the 1980s were killed with any “assault-type weapon.” June 20 and September 5, 1990 letters from J. H. Wilson, Chief, Uniform Crime Reporting Program to Paul H. Blackman, Research Coordinator of the NRA.

33. Title 18 USC Sec. 922(g)(1). Comparable state provisions are exemplified by Cal. Penal C. Sec. 12021ff., 12072, 12076, 12100-1, 12551-2 and W & I. C. Sec. 8100-8105.

34. See, e.g. Monograph, ASSAULT WEAPONS AND ACCESSORIES IN AMERICA (Educational Fund to End Handgun Violence, 1988) at 24 (“Previously the standard for restricting weapons [was] … Is the harm done by a given category of firearm outweighed by any possible benefit? [Since “assault weapons” are often semi-automatic replicas of modern military firearms] a new standard is emerging: For what purpose was this weapon designed?”) and John Hoyt Williams, “The Militarization of the American Rifle” THE CHRISTIAN CENTURY, Jan. 25, 1984, p. 78 (“When members of a local gun club in New Hampshire, Indiana or New Mexico can control more devastating firepower than the armies of Tanzania or Paraguay, it is time to rethink priorities.”)

It should be noted that both these sources, like most other arguments for banning such firearms, combine the points just quoted with (fallacious) claims that such firearms are often misused, that they are somehow particularly susceptible to misuse and/or that they are exceptionally dangerous. In fact, semi-automatic “assault weapons”, like the modern military arms they imitate, are designed to minimize lethality in accordance with the Hague Convention and because smaller, down-powered ammunition is logistically preferable to the use of older, larger high-powered ammunition. Even the most powerful “assault rifle” cartridge is far less powerful than those used by the older generation of semi-automatic hunting rifles. , V. Di Maio, GUNSHOT WOUNDS: PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF FIREARMS, BALLISTICS AND FORENSIC TECHNIQUES 146 (CRC, 1985); T. Bowen & R. Bellamy, Emergency War Surgery-NATO Handbook (Washington, D.C. – Gov’t. Printing Office, 1988), ch. 2 (“…many wounds from this weapon resemble those caused by much lower velocity handguns.”); M. Fackler, M.D., Wounding Patterns of Military Rifle Bullets, 22 International Defense Review 59 (1989); Fackler, Malinowski, Hoxie & Jason, Wounding Effects of the AK-47 Rifle Used by Patrick Purdy in the Stockton Schoolyard Shooting of Jan. 17, 1989″, 11 Am. J. Forensic Med. & Pathol. 185 (1990).

35. Title 18 U.S.C. Sec. 921(a)(30)(B)(iii) and 922(v), as added by the 1994 Crime Bill.

36. “Guns and the Civilizing Process”, WASHINGTON POST editorial Sept. 26, 1972. Compare Betty Friedan, calling “the trend of women buying guns ‘a horrifying, obscene perversion of feminism'” and asserting “that lethal violence even in self-defense only engenders more violence and that gun control should override any personal need for safety.” Interview by A. Japenga, HEALTH, March/April 1994; p. 54.

The premier anti-gun group, the National Coalition to Ban Handguns was founded, and is still sponsored by, the Board of Church and Society of the United Methodist Church. The Methodist Board teaches that it is a woman’s Christian duty to submit to rape rather than do anything that might imperil her rapist’s life. “Is the Robber My Brother” is the question rhetorically posed in the Methodist Board’s official publication. The answer is “yes” for, though the burglary victim or the “woman accosted in the park by a rapist is [not] likely to consider the violator to be a neighbor whose safety is of immediate concern***[c]riminals are members of the larger community no less than are others. As such they are our neighbors or, as Jesus put it, our brothers…” Brockway, “But the Bible Doesn’t Mention Pistols”, May, 1977 ENGAGE-SOCIAL ACTION FORUM. The language quoted is from pp. 39-40 of this issue, which has been published as a separate pamphlet by the Methodist Board of Church and Society under the title HANDGUNS IN THE UNITED STATES. For purely secular arguments to the same effect see citations given infra and particularly discussion of the views of Garry Wills.

7. Interview with Handgun Control chairperson Sarah Brady; Oct. 21, 1993 TAMPA TRIBUNE (Jackson, “Keeping the Battle Alive.”) In a more recent interview her husband responded to the question “Aren’t any handguns defensible?”, “For target shooting, that’s ok. Get a license and go to the range. For defense of the home – that’s why we have police departments.” PARADE June 26, ’94, p. 18: “In Step With: James Brady.” This has long been the attitude of anti-gun advocates as epitomized by the assertion of one of the earliest and most active, University of Chicago Professor Robert Replogle, M.D., organizer of a Chicago anti-gun group: “The only legitimate use of a handgun that I can understand is for target shooting.” Handgun Crime Control Hearings, 1975-6 Senate Judiciary Committee [Subcommittee re Juvenile Delinquency] Oversight of the 1968 Gun Control Act, v. II at 1974.) Another long-time opponent of defensive gun ownership, syndicated columnist Garry Wills asserts “Mutual protection should be the aim of citizens, not individual self-protection. Until we are willing to outlaw the very existence or manufacture of civilian handguns we have no right to call ourselves citizens or consider our behavior even minimally civil. There is something obscene about a person’s appeal to our basic social contract to justify [this] anti-social behavior [i.e. defensive gun ownership.]” From “John Lennon’s War”, CHICAGO SUN- TIMES, Dec. 12, 1980.

See also testimony on behalf of the Presbyterian Church, USA (a member organization of the National Coalition to Ban Handguns) emphasizing that it does not seek to ban rifles and shotguns because they are to be used for sport but only handguns which are illegitimate because their purpose is personal defense — 1985-6 Hearings on Legislation to Modify the 1968 Gun Control Act, House Judiciary Committee, Subcommittee on Crime; v. I at 127 and 128.

38. Quoting WASHINGTON POST editorial “Guns and the Civilizing Process” supra. See also: Geewax, ATLANTA CONSTITUTION, Aug. 20, 1993 p. A12 (“the crazy gun lobbyists … say guns don’t kill people. No, guns are doing something worse – they are killing civilization.”); Garry Wills quoted infra; Braucher, “Gun Lunatics Silence Sounds of Civilization” MIAMI HERALD, July 19, 1982 and Richard Hofstadter’s application against gun owners of D.H. Lawrence’s denunciation of the American soul as “hard, isolate, stoic and a killer.” “America As a Gun Culture” in AMERICAN HERITAGE, Oct. 1970 at 82. Compare the characterizations: by HCI vice president Jeanne Shields of NRA members as macho men who “don’t understand the definition of a civilized society” (NEWSWEEK interview, May 8, 1978); and of defensive gun ownership as “simply beastly behavior” in “Gun Toting: A Fashion Needing Change”, 93 SCIENCE NEWS 613, 614 (1968).

39. See, e.g.: June 19, 1975 Press Statement of the Young Christian Women’s Association of the United States; Trexler editorial in THE LUTHERAN, official publication of the Lutheran Church of America (a member organization of the National Coalition to Ban Handguns), Dec., 1979; and Testimony of the Board of Church and Society of the United Methodist Church in 1985-6 Hearings on Legislation to Modify the 1968 Gun Control Act, House Judiciary Committee, Subcommittee on Crime; v. I at 141.

40. Ramsey Clark, supra at 88, also decrying defensive gun ownership as an insult to government, for “A state in which a citizen needs a gun to protect himself from crime has failed to perform its first purpose.” To the same effect see discussion of Garry Wills views in the text infra.

41. Eckholm, “A Little Control, A Lot of Guns”, N.Y. TIMES, Aug. 15, 1993, quoting Sarah Brady. Compare LOS ANGELES TIMES editorial “Taming the Monster: The Guns Among Us” Dec. 10, 1993: “Under our plan individuals could own sporting weapons only if they had submitted to a background check and passed a firearms safety course. Other special, closely monitored exceptions could be made, such as for serious collectors.” To the same effect see LOS ANGELES TIMES editorial “Taming the Gun Monster: How Far to Go” Oct. 22, 1993 recommending that federal law limit ordinary citizens to “ownership [only] of sporting and hunting weapons.”

42. Garry Wills: “NRA is Complicit in the Deaths of Two Children”, DETROIT FREE PRESS, September 6, 1994; “Or Worldwide Gun Control” PHILADELPHIA INQUIRER, May 17, 1981; “Handguns that Kill”, WASHINGTON STAR, Jan. 18, 1981; and “John Lennon’s War”, CHICAGO SUN-TIMES, Dec. 12, 1980. 3

43. It should be noted that some language in Wills’ 1994 DETROIT FREE PRESS column could be read as also arguing that resistance to government will necessarily be futile. What will not be found in any of the columns, however, is recognition that armed defense against government could ever be morally legitimate. Rather, their consistent and insistent theme is that a citizen’s first duty is unquestioning trust in government; that those who even contemplate the possibility of having to defend themselves against it are un- American.

44. Quoted in Munday, supra.

45. Ann & John Tusa, THE NUREMBERG TRIAL 151 (Atheneum, N.Y.: 1986).

46. Id. 276, 283.

47. Quoted in Kates, RESTRICTING HANDGUNS supra at 188.

48. Southmayd Professor of Law at Yale, Robert A. Burt, “Confronting Holocausts: Remarks on Spielberg’s Schindler’s List,” 40 YALE LAW REPORT 13, 14 (1994).

49. William R. Tonso and David B. Kopel, “Gun Bans and ‘Schindler’s List'”, Independence Institute release, Aug. 24, 1994; see also Thomas Keneally, SCHINDLER’S LIST 346-347.

50. P. Shields, GUNS DON’T DIE, PEOPLE DO 35 (N.Y.: Arbor, 1981).

50A. LOS ANGELES TIMES editorial, “Taming the Gun Monster that is Consuming America”, Oct. 15, 1993, reprinted in Paul A. Winters (ed.), CRIME AND CRIMINALS (San Diego, Greenhaven, 1995) at p. 159.

50B. Wintemute, “Firearms as a Cause of Death in the United States.” 27 J. of Trauma 532 (1987).

50C. See, e.g. the review by Prof. Lawrence Ross [98 AMERICAN J. SOC. 661 (1992)] of Prof. Kleck’s book, POINT BLANK, supra. Without caviling at Kleck’s finding that handguns are used to repel crime more often than to commit it, Ross asserts that “despite the masses of data and the cleverness of his analysis and argument, Kleck has missed the point” because he accepts the idea of a society in which “masses of potential victims use the threat of gun violence against masses of potential armed criminals. [This ought to] disgust rather than cheer the civilized observer.” Indeed, after approvingly noting that the tragic “fate of James Brady” provided the “impetus for attempts at broader gun control” Prof. Ross actually welcomes “more [such shooting] incidents, more heinous ones with more tragic or important victims, [as the impetus for us] to develop the necessary determination” to legislate beyond “narrow controls” to banning and confiscating guns. [Id. at 662.]

50D. Mathematical average of 1980-1992 gun murder figures from Appendix (Table 1), p. 13, U.S. Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Crim. Statistics (Feb. 1994), FIREARMS AND CRIMES OF VIOLENCE: SELECTED FINDINGS FROM NATIONAL STATISTICAL SERIES.

50E. Prof. Rummel estimates the total at 169,198,000. Rupert J. Rummel, DEATH BY GOVERNMENT, ch. 1 (New Brunswick, Transactions, 1994).

50F. While I concede the matter arguendo, it has been argued that far more Jews would have survived if the Jewish Community had been armed to resist the Holocaust. Caplan notes that the initial Nazi attempt to liquidate the Warsaw ghetto was repelled by resisters armed “with only ‘ten pistols.’ Nevertheless, the shock of encountering even this relatively small resistance forced the German war machine to retreat and ‘discontinue their work in order to make more thorough preparations.’ For three months thereafter, the German Nazi soldiers did not dare to venture into the Ghetto.” Caplan in Sank & Caplan supra at 310. “This just shows what you can expect from Jews if they lay hands on weapons,” commented the Nazi Propaganda Minister, Joseph Goebbels, according to Rothenberg, supra. For the whole story of the Warsaw ghetto battle see Yitzhak Zuckerman, A Surplus of Memory: A Chronicle of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (Berkeley: U. of Cal. Pr., 19XX).

50G. Alec Wilkinson, A Changed Vision of God, The New Yorker, Jan. 24, 1994, at 54-55 50H. LETHAL LAWS supra at 83.


50J. Barbara Harff, “The Etiology of Genocide” in I. Walliman & M. N. Dobkowski (eds.), GENOCIDE AND THE MODERN AGE (Greenwood Press, 1987) 43-44.

50K. Harff, “Bosnia and Somalia: Strategic, Legal and Moral Dimensions of Humanitarian Intervention” 12 PHILOS.& PUB. POL. 1, 5 (1992).

50L. Barbara Harff, “The Etiology of Genocide” in I. Walliman & M. N. Dobkowski (eds.), GENOCIDE AND THE MODERN AGE (Greenwood Press, 1987). Compare LETHAL LAWS at 280 estimating the Ugandan genocide toll at the more conservative figure of 300,000.

50M. As in most geno-politicides, the precise number of victims will never be known. The estimates run from 500,000 to 1.2 million. The perpetrators include elements of the army and individual and ad hoc groups of civilians armed by the military and also with their own knives and agricultural implements. Victims include not only “Communists” (i.e. leftist oppositionals), but also those suspected of being communists, including vast numbers who were suspected just because they were ethnic Chinese. Predictably, the loosing of mass murder against the targeted groups resulted in many cases in which the perpetrators took the opportunity to indiscriminately massacre people on the basis of feud, ancient enmity or personal dislike, without any connection to the overall program of political or ethnic murder. (Personal communications with Professors Harff and Rummel.)

50N. LETHAL LAWS, supra at 80-81.

50-O. CIVIL LIBERTIES REVIEW supra at 25-6. See also discussion of armed resistance to the KKK in the 1920s infra.

50P. Per V.V. Stanciu, Secretary of the International Society as quoted by David I. Caplan, in Sank & Caplan, supra, p. 308.

50Q. Id.

50R. Had Professor Cottrol and I been asked to guess (based on the worldview of a year-1900 savant) our choices would have been, in descending order of probability: 1) Perpetrator: Ottoman Empire Victim Group: Armenians 2) Perpetrator: U.S. Victim Group: Blacks 3) Perpetrator: U.S. Victim Group: Indians 4) Perpetrator: Russia Victim Group: Jews 5) Perpetrator: France Victim Group: Jews

I ran the question by leading analysts of geno-politicide. Professor Ted Robert Gurr (Political Science, University of Maryland) agreed with our choices, emphasizing particularly the U.S. as perpetrator and American Indians as the victim group. But the list offered by Prof. Rudolf J. Rummel (Political Science, University of Hawaii) differs significantly. In part this reflects his view which denies that democracies commit geno-politicide against their own citizens. His list would have been 1) Perpetrator: Ottoman Empire Victim Group: Armenians 2) Perpetrator: China Victim Group: Moslems 3) Perpetrator: Russia Victim Group: Jews 4) Perpetrator: Mexico Victim Group: Indians As a caveat, he notes that this list is based on an expectation of only hundreds of thousands of victim deaths in Russia and Mexico, respectively, rather than millions. He also notes that in their African colonies Belgium, France, Portugal and particularly Germany could have been expected to continue killing natives by the tens of thousands through forced labor under unendurable conditions and, in the case of the Germans, savage suppression of native opposition.

50S. LETHAL LAWS at 23.

50T. See Gerhard L. Weinberg, A WORLD AT ARMS: A GLOBAL HISTORY OF WORLD WAR II 3, 870-1 (Cambridge U. Press, 1994).

50U. Gallup poll released Dec. 20, 1994, question 2, in Gallup Poll, p. 477.

50V. Quoting Frederick Lewis Allen, ONLY YESTERDAY: AN INFORMAL HISTORY OF THE 1920’s 55-57 (N.Y., Harper & Roe, 1931) (hereinafter ONLY YESTERDAY); see also 2 James West Davidson & Mark Hamilton Lytle, AFTER THE FACT: THE ART OF HISTORICAL DETECTION 275 (N.Y. Knopf, 1982) and the separate chapters David M. Chalmers devotes to the 1920s Klan in Georgia, Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Oregon, North and South Carolina, California, Colorado, Missouri, Kansas, Minnesota, Indiana, Ohio, Illinois, Wisconsin, Michigan, Florida, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York. HOODED AMERICANISM (N.Y. Doubleday, 1965).

Whatever else may be said about the KKK, it’s activities made a substantial contribution to American law nationwide and in many contexts. For instance, the Klan was responsible for the Oregon prohibition against parochial schools which was voided in Pierce v. Society of Sisters, 268 U.S. 510 (1925). HOODED AMERICANISM, ch. 12. And the leader of the Indiana KKK, having kidnapped and repeatedly raped a woman who caught his fancy, was the deserving subject of a path-breaking case upholding a conviction of murder when in terror and despair she committed suicide as the only way to escape captivity. Stephenson v. State, 179 N.E. 633 (Indiana, S. Ct., 1932). William Kunstler, noting Klan strength in Southern New Jersey, has suggested that it may have been responsible for the famous, but never solved, Hall-Mills Murder. William Kunstler, THE HALL-MILLS MURDER: THE MINISTER AND THE CHOIR GIRL (New Brunswick, Rutgers U. Press, 1964).

50X. See generally Nancy MacLean, BEHIND THE MASK OF CHIVALRY: THE MAKING OF THE SECOND KU KLUX KLAN (Oxford, Oxford U. Press, 1994) (hereinafter cited as THE MAKING OF THE SECOND KU KLUX KLAN), chs. 1-3.

50Y. D. Kates, “Toward a History of Handgun Prohibition in the United States”, 19 in D. Kates (ed.) RESTRICTING HANDGUNS (1979); and THE MAKING OF THE KU KLUX KLAN, supra at 28-9.

50Z. As a Florida Supreme Court justice frankly avowed in denying the application of such a law against a white appellant: “The Act was passed for the purpose of disarming Negro laborers … [it was] never intended to be applied to the white population.” Watson v. Stone, 4 So. 2d 700, 703 (1941) (concurring opinion). Southern gun laws from the 18th Century through the early 20th are discussed in: Robert J. Cottrol & Raymond T. Diamond, “The Second Amendment: Toward an Afro-Americanist Reconsideration”, 80 GEORGETOWN L.J. 309 (1990), Robert J. Cottrol & Raymond T. Diamond, “‘Never Intended to be Applied to the White Population’: Firearms Regulation and Racial Disparity, The Redeemed South’s Legacy to a National Jurisprudence?” forthcoming in CHICAGO-KENT L. REV. (1995), and Kates, History of Handgun Prohibition, supra.

50-AA. For the history of New York’s Sullivan Law, and its purposes see id. and also discussion in Don B. Kates, “The Battle Over Gun Control” 84 THE PUBLIC INTEREST 42 (1986) and L. Kennett & J. Anderson, THE GUN IN AMERICA: THE ORIGINS OF A NATIONAL DILEMMA, ch. 7 (London, Greenwood, 1975).

50-BB. THE MAKING OF THE SECOND KU KLUX KLAN, supra at 13, 14. For other incidents of armed resistance by individuals or groups, and of bearing arms for protection against potential KKK attacks, see HOODED AMERICANISM supra at 66, 67, 179, 198, 239, 248, 249, 273, 338 and 348.

50-CC. Quoting THE MAKING OF THE SECOND KU KLUX KLAN, supra, Introduction, p. xi. HOODED AMERICANISM, supra, 67 notes KKK claims that “Arms were being stored in [Catholic] church basements as the Pope got ready to seize the government. Among Klansmen “One popular story was that every time a boy was born to a Roman Catholic family, the father added a rifle and ammunition to his local church’s arsenal.” Id. at 111.

Significantly, the oath which every Klansman took omitted any mention of the Second Amendment right to arms, though it committed him to upholding “the sacred constitutional rights and privileges of free public schools, free speech, free press, separation of church and state, liberty, white supremacy, just laws and the pursuit of happiness against any encroachment.” Id. at 115-16.

51. THE MAKING OF THE SECOND KU KLUX KLAN, supra, 70, 83, 91, 93, 96. Acute fear of imminent, sanguinary revolutionary activity was not confined to the KKK. Southern employers and union leaders alike denounced the “flooding of the South and Georgia with … the scum of Europe, a people in nowise in sympathy with the spirit of our institutions and form of government.” Id. at 70. Such fears were entertained throughout the nation. See ONLY YESTERDAY supra at 16- 17 and ch. 3 and Davidson & Lytle, supra.

Nor were such fears entirely groundless. Prior to World War I anarchist assassins had taken the lives not only of a Russian Czar, an Austrian Empress, a King of Italy and a Spanish Premier, but also of President William McKinley. Barbara Tuchman, THE PROUD TOWER, ch. 2 (N.Y., Macmillan: 1962). In the immediate aftermath of the War, anarchists (or communists or syndicalists with whom they were often confused): exploded a bomb in Wall Street, killing 30 and wounding over a hundred; and attempted to assassinate Oliver Wendell Holmes, the Attorney General, the Postmaster General, the Secretary of Labor, the Commissioner of Immigration, J.P. Morgan, John D. Rockefeller and a number of other magnates. ONLY YESTERDAY 41-42, 59-62.

52. THE MAKING OF THE SECOND KU KLUX KLAN, supra 96, History of Handgun Prohibition, supra at 17-18. There is ample precedent for the current lunatic fringe belief that John F. Kennedy was killed by a nefarious secret cabal. A comparable 19th Century literature alleged that the Catholic Church had assassinated Lincoln and had secretly sponsored secession out of its hostility to the U.S. (as to popular government everywhere). Then, as now, such views were buttressed by a plethora of falsehoods, e.g. that all the Lincoln assassination conspirators were Catholics. (Actually only the Surratts and Mudd, who was innocent, were.) A la the movie “JFK”, the evidence for Catholic Church complicity included solemn claims that Catholic priests a thousand miles away had been aware of the assassination before Lincoln’s death. An excellent account will be found in William Hanchett, THE LINCOLN MURDER CONSPIRACIES (U. of Ill. Press, 1983).

53. The states adopting these laws were North Carolina (1917), Missouri (1919), Arkansas (1923), Virginia (192 ), New Jersey (1924), and Oregon (192 ). “History of Handgun Prohibition”, 15, 19-20. I am not suggesting that the Klan was the sole, or even the most important, factor in enacting such laws. Most of the post-Civil War Southern gun laws discussed in footnotes 50Z were enacted after the formal dissolution of the First KKK and before the creation of the Second. Likewise, a full six years before the latter event the predecessor publication of the current University of Virginia Law Review editorialized in favor of disarming “the son of Ham” as follows: “It is a matter of common knowledge that in this state and several others, the more especially in the Southern states, where the Negro population is so large, that this cowardly practice of ‘toting’ guns has been one of the most fruitful sources of crime…. Let a Negro board a railroad train with a quart of mean whiskey and a pistol in his grip and the chances are that there will be a murder, or at least a row, before he alights.” Comment, “Carrying Concealed Weapons”, 15 VA. L. REG. 391. 391-2 (1909).

54. 65 CONG. REC. 3946 (Mar. 11, 1924). The proposal mirrored a law that Tennessee had adopted as soon as whites regained control of its legislature in 1870. Similar laws designed to raise price barriers to handgun ownership — and thereby exclude the impecunious African-American population — were a common feature in the late 19th and early 20th Century South. “History of Handgun Prohibition”, supra, 14-15. Such laws are commonly denominated “Saturday Night Special” laws, the derivation being from “niggertown, Saturday night.” Id. at 25.

55. THE GUN IN AMERICA, supra, 165-215, “History of Handgun Prohibition”, supra at 24-25. The Uniform Revolver Act, which was drafted and promoted by gun owner organizations as a more moderate alternative to licensing and prohibitory legislation, was adopted in virtually every state. See “Original Meaning”, 82 MICH. L. REV. supra at 210. Inter alia, Arkansas and Oregon adopted it and repealed their handgun license requirements.

56. A central aim of the KKK was to infiltrate government and the police because “the backing of politicians [could] protect it from hostile legislation and prosecution.” THE MAKING OF THE SECOND KU KLUX KLAN, supra at 16. Chalmers emphasizes the Klan’s success in infiltrating and controlling police agencies in every state or locality in which the KKK operated; in several instances in which shoot-outs resulted in the death of masked Klan attackers, the deceased turned out to be (off-duty?) policemen. HOODED AMERICANISM supra at 41, 87, 144, 196, 228, 311 and 336.

57. See, e.g. HOODED AMERICANISM, supra ch. 8 (defeat of the KKK in Louisiana).

58. Id. at 228.

59. Id. at 141, quoting author’s statement in support of law against appearing in public masked.

60. Compare HOODED AMERICANISM id. and ch. 9 (armed self-defense by family of Mississippi U.S. Senator opposed to the KKK) to POINT BLANK, supra at 29 (“… results from a number of national surveys have all indicated that most protection gun owners feel safer because they have a gun in their home….”), 119-20 (as also do gun owners who have guns for other reasons).

61. “Firearms and Violence: Old Premises, New Research” supra at 202-3 noting study showing that 81% of “Good Samaritans” who rescued crime victims or arrested criminals “‘own guns and some carry them in their cars. They are familiar with violence, feel competent to handle it, and don’t believe they will be hurt if they get involved.'”

62. E.g. the Storm Troop leader’s vilification of firearms ownership which so closely dovetails with Professor Wills views; see text accompanying footnote 44 supra.

63. Italics in original. H.H. Gerth and C. Wright Wills, FROM MAX WEBER 78 (Oxford, Oxford U. Press: 1981).

64. Kates, “Original Meaning”, 82 MICH. L. REV. supra at 235.

65. 3 W. Blackstone, COMMENTARIES *4. Compare Montesquieu, 2 Spirit of the Laws 60 (“Who does not see that self-protection is a duty superior to every precept?”), T. Hobbes, LEVIATHAN 88, 95 (“a covenant not to defend myself with force from force is void.”), A. Sidney, Discourses Concerning Civil Government 175, 180-1, 266-7, 270 (1698) (“Swords were given to men, that none might be Slaves, but such as know not how to use them”; “Nay, all Laws must fall, human Societies that subsist by them be dissolved, and all innocent persons be exposed to the violence of the most wicked, if men might not justly defend themselves against injustice….”).

66. Weber wrote not that the state alone may use violence but that “The state is considered the sole source of the right to use violence.” FROM MAX WEBER supra.

67. All the immediately preceding quotations are from George P. Fletcher, “The Right and the Reasonable”, 98 HARV. L. REV. 949, 952 (1985). Prof. Fletcher informs me that this is no longer the law in Germany.

68. Writings of Thomas Paine 56 (M. Conway ed. 1894). In a much earlier criticism of pacifism, Paine wrote: “I am thus far a Quaker, that I would gladly argue with all the world to lay aside the use of arms, and settle matters by negotiation, but unless the whole will, the matter ends, and I take up my musket and thank heaven he has put it in my power.” Quoted in A.J. Ayer, THOMAS PAINE 8 (U. Chi. Press, 1988). Note that Paine is not suggesting that one only needs guns because others have guns. He is saying that one needs guns because others will not give up violence in favor of peaceful resolution of disputes.

69. F. Place, Improvement of the Working Classes (1834) as quoted in R. Webb, Modern England: From the 18th Century to the Present 115, n. 14 (1970).

70. The Founders “believed that the perpetuation of a republican spirit and character in their society depended upon the freeman’s possession of arms as well as his ability and willingness to defend both himself and his society.” Robert Shalhope, “The Armed Citizen in the Early Republic”, 49 LAW & CONTEMP. PROBS. 125, 138 (1986); Don B. Kates, “The Second Amendment and the Ideology of Self- Protection” 9 CONSTITUTIONAL COMMENTARY 87, 94 (1992): “Arms possession for protection of self, family and polity was both the hallmark of the individual’s freedom and one of the two primary factors in his developing the independent, self-reliant, responsible character which classical liberal political philosophers deemed necessary to the citizenry of a free state.”

71. Quoting Betty Friedan and the WASHINGTON POST respectively. See note 36 supra.

72. “Original Meaning” supra, 82 MICH. L. REV. at 235 quoting debate on the Constitution, including Madison in The Federalist, No. 46.

Indian Country Genocide By The Synagogue Of Satan Free Masonic Jews

Arthur Schopenhauer quote: All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is...

The below information is from my “once upon a time” web page AKA “Operation Morning Star” which I terminated. I then discovered it to be “archived”…soooo I said…why not share it again. Here it is for your reality check about the race of people this country has targeted for annihilation from the beginning to this day!

The Synagogue of Satan Jews…AKA…”Free Masons” who’s “god” they admit is Lucifer are guilty of the genocide and mass murders of American Indian men, women and children. Add to the that the rape of women and children. Add to that the use of alcohol and “small pox infested blankets” distributed by Jewish fur traders and used as weapons of biological warfare. Add to that the making and breaking of all treaties with each American Indian Nation and the subsequent theft of the land promised in those treaties.

Related image

The most hateful murdering racist Presidents of American Indians were in fact “Freemasons”!  George Washington compared Indians with wolves, saying “Both being beast of prey, tho’ they differ in shape.” After a defeat, Washington’s troops would skin the bodies of Iroquois from the hips down to make boot tops or leggings. Those who survived called the first president, “Town Destroyer.” Within a five-year period, 28 of 30 Seneca towns had been destroyed. (Related story: “Happy Presidents’ Day)

The use of the word “Redskin” and “Savage” is found in the words of the “founding fathers”, the press, “christians and jews” and including the “Buffalo Soldiers”…AKA. “Field Niggers” and mercenaries hired to murder and rape and wear the body parts of those they butchered and to be rewarded with “Medals of Honor” no less!

The below links come from my once upon a time web page where I gathered information and shared it with “Indian Country”, information not taught in any history books or discussed on the “History Channel” let alone on any Jew owned media source. This information exposes the tainted Jewish versions of “Indian History” complements of the racist portrayals of American Indians as “savages and Redskins”…so as to hide the Jewish and Free Masonic contributions to what was done to American Indians.

Image result for michael medved

You will read articles by Jews who justify what happened to American Indians…Michael Medved being one and a “Kaplan” writing in the “Jew Street Journal”.

After you and if you click the links below and read that “history” of the following words…1. Redskins…2. Columbus…3. Niggers which are individual blogs of more information and “history hidden”.

For me personally…as long as this country including all races and cultures use the word “Redskin”…I will continue to justifiably use the word “Nigger” to identify all of “African decent” in this country. And I am a German/Swedish European by the way…among other things 🙂

Enjoy and Semper Fi!


Forgotten Founders

Indigenous People of America Have “The Right To Exist’

A Murdered Chief Big Foot At Wounded Knee

“The Only Good Indian Is A Dead Indian”

Historical Sins With The Shellac Of Legality

Rethinking Columbus . ..the JEW!

A Spanish missionary, Bartolome de las Casas, described first-hand how the Spaniards terrorized the natives.[4] Las Casas gives numerous eye-witness accounts of repeated mass murder and routine sadistic torture. As Barry Lopez has accurately summarized it, “One day, in front of Las Casas, the Spanish dismembered, beheaded, or raped 3000 people. ‘Such inhumanities and barbarisms were committed in my sight,’ he says, ‘as no age can parallel….’ The Spanish cut off the legs of children who ran from them. They poured people full of boiling soap. They made bets as to who, with one sweep of his sword, could cut a person in half. They loosed dogs that ‘devoured an Indian like a hog, at first sight, in less than a moment.’ They used nursing infants for dog food.”[2,pg.4] This was not occasional violence — it was a systematic, prolonged campaign of brutality and sadism, a policy of torture, mass murder, slavery and forced labor that continued for CENTURIES. “The destruction of the Indians of the Americas was, far and away, the most massive act of genocide in the history of the world,” writes historian David E. Stannard.[3,pg.x]

Eventually more than 100 million natives fell under European rule. Their extermination would follow.

Columbus, Genocide of Natives, and His Jewish Ancestors

Deconstructing The American Mythology: Revisionist Western and U.S. History

The New World Holocaust!!

The National Day of Mourning

Past Genocides Committed Against American Indians

Jewish Writer For Wall Street Journal Justifies the Extermination of American Indians!

Jewish Exploitation Of American Indians

The Rhetoric of Extermination

Michael Medved, “Synagogue of Satan” Jew talk show host, denies the “American Holocaust”, the genocide of Native Americans! Call’s Indian Nations “Struggling Stone Age Societies”!

Read “The American Holocaust” – by a Jew – Lilian Friedberg

That is like saying there was no “European Holocaust”!

But then again, what have the Jews of America done for “Indian Country”?

Read my lips… n o t h i n g!


And neither have African-Americans!

Rep. Watson Attacks Cherokee Nation

Black Congresswoman Diane Watson Attempts To Legislate The Genocide/Termination Of The Cherokee Nation 

In the tradition of the Black Buffalo Soldiers As Mercenaries For HER “White Masters”!

Watson’s “People” Who Earned Their “Freedom” As “Mercenaries” and Were Recipients of 17 Medals of Honor for Killing American Indians

“Buffalo Soldier” on left with one of the Hotchkiss Guns used in the Massacre at Wounded Knee. The “Buffalo Soldiers” brought two of the four guns used.

The 1850 Slavery Act For American Indians – In the State of Congresswoman Diane Watson 

You don’t hear Watson calling for “reparations” or honoring of Treaties, do you?

Click The Map Of California to See California Indian Pre-Contact Territories

Who’s Illegals ?: Government and Public Policy, Failure and Genocide in California

“The American Holocaust” – “Manifest Destiny “

A Comparative History by Lilian Friedberg, A Jewish Scholar

How Can You Go To A Church That Killed So Many Indians?

How the west was “stolen”


“America’s Pathological Behavior”

New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus’

The New Iraq sounds an awful lot like the Old Pine Ridge


Colonialism, Resistance, and De-Colonization

By Debbie White Plume

“The Only Good Indian Is A Dead Indian”

Forced Sterilization of American Indian Women

“Arrogance of Ignorance”

Five Hundred Years of Injustice

Indigenous People of America Have “The Right To Exist”  A Translation of Aboriginal Indigenous Thought

Native American History, Comparative Genocide and the Holocaust

by Brenden Rensink

Reflections on “Manifest Destiny” and Race

Jeffery Amherst and Smallpox Blankets Of Death For Indians

Paul Harvey Triumphs Smallpox Blankets To Native Americans

Lord Jeffrey Amherst’s letters discussing germ warfare against American Indians ….

Another Letter Confirming Genocide!

This was the FIRST use of “Biological Weaponry” in the United States! and against American Indians!


Old Indian Wars Dominate Bush Doctrines

The New Iraq sounds an awful lot like the Old Pine Ridge

From Alexander Hamilton and Iroquois to George Bush and Iraqis

Bill Clintons Speech of “Lies” on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation after the Tornados in 99

Clinton’s “interference” in Mexico – From Wounded Knee to Chiapas

Sitting Bull, His Vision of the “Little Big Horn”, and Defeat of Custer

Geronimo – His Own Story

Prison Camps & The Trail Of Tears (Part 1)

Prison Camps & The Trail Of Tears (Part 2)

Trail of Tears – A Death March of the Cherokee

 Documents on the Sand Creek Massacre

Trail of Tears from Mississippi walked by our Choctaw ancestors

The Effects of Removal on American Indian Tribes

Sand Creek Massacre – US Military/United Methodist Butchery

Navajo Long Walk, to the suffering place

The Canadian Holocaust

 Murdered , Missing, and Abused by RCMP and others of the  Aboriginal in Canada

The “Hidden From History: The Canadian Holocaust – The Untold Story of the Genocide of Aboriginal Peoples by Church and State in Canada – A Summary of an Ongoing, Independent Inquiry into Canadian Native ‘Residential Schools’ and their Legacy”

California Indian History – Genocide

Catholic Church abuse must not go unpunished

SOUL WOUND: The Legacy of Native American Schools

Abuse Charges Hit Rosebud Reservation Church-Run Schools Cited In Wide-Ranging Lawsuit

Philadelphia Grand Jury Report on Pedophile Priests

Sexual abuse by Catholic clergy

Manufacturing Assimilation

Federal Education Policy & Off-Reservation Schools 1870-1933

Brainwashing and Boarding Schools: Undoing the Shameful Legacy

Carlisle Indian Industrial School History


Mr. “Dances With Wolves” THE THIEF of Lakota Culture For Evil Greedy Profit

Declaration of War Against Exploiters of Lakota Spirituality

Standing Rock: America’s Indian’s Are Still Losing – Thank Costner!

Rosebud Sioux Tribe Hog Farm Contamination Information

The Case of Pine Ridge and Industrial Hemp

Hugo Chavez Steps Up for Native Americans Don’t see Oprah do you?

A Necessary Critical Commentary Concerning Operation Morning Star and the Last 11 Years


Diane E. Watson and Mel Watts – Whose offices are in the

Home of the Washington “REDSKINS”

F.E.M.A’S Free Toxic Cancer/Death Causing Travel Trailers Offered by the U.S. Government

Anywhere from 2,000 to 12,000 “Mobile Homes” have been offered to “Indian Country” by FEMA and they are made of the same materials as the “camper trailers” and have NOT nor did FEMA schedule them to be tested for toxic contamination! 

FEMA  Hires and Uses Criminals


Click The Map Of California to See California Indian Pre-Contact Territories

Where are they NOW? 

A Vision, Moses, California Fires, and A Traditional Oglala Lakota Woman

Moses, America, and American Indians

Hopi Vision of America’s Future

Catholic Church Removed A Working “Suicide Prevention” Radio Program on the Rosebud Sioux Reservation

By Richard Boyden

Here is another blog documenting the same…some links are the same…others in addition to these…

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The Ignored Racist American History Targeting Native Americans For Mass Genocide

Preface: This is information I shared on my Operation Morning Star web page when I was working with my charity and on radio. It addresses many issues concerning the history of “Indian Country”  under the subject of “Racism”. It is archived with the dates.

All races except American Indians have had the historical truth revealed in a fullness. That is what I did…exposed the flagrant hypocrisy of the Whites, Blacks, Christians and Jews and their contribution to the genocide of American Indians like no one else that I know of. There are some broken links but the ones that work will take you to places in history concerning “Indian Country” not found in ANY history taught in this counties public schools thanks to the Free Masonic manifest destiny murdering cabal who control the education format. Read, Learn and Share!

This Blog is dedicated to Karen Sue Andras and her boy toy who almost killed her William R. Bunting. He was and is still my cyber stalking sodomite demon in the flesh and confirmed lover of Satan and racist to the core White KKK dirt bag who threatened to murder me.  His racism targeting American Indians was a in my face sent text/email stating that American Indian women deserved to be raped while calling them “Prairie Niggers”….this being a quote about “real men” from him…

“Ummm…any woman raped by Russell Means or Bill Cosby should be grateful… I mean these are real men who should be able to take what they want from any woman they please… If she was a real woman she would be begging for more”

With that said….

This “Short Course In Indian Country History” in 2 Parts (somewhat overlapping)  is dedicated in part to two brave, loving, and beautiful Native American Women who were raped and murdered by demons in the flesh who William R. Bunting and Andras said…”they deserved it”!

And here is the link to Part 2.


Preface: The Prayer of the Ghost Dance

i wanna go where the blind can see
i wanna go where the lame will walk
i wanna see the sick ones clean
where the deaf can hear and the silent talk

where are you going, to a Ghost Dance in the snow?
where are all your warriors, i see they’re finally
coming home

i wanna go where the dead are raised
where the mountain lion lays down with the lamb
i wanna stand where God is praised
i wanna ride across the plains to the promised land

where i’m going don’t need to raise your voice
no starvation we’ll have plenty to eat
no guns no wars, no hateful noise just a victory dance, we’ll never taste defeat

where there’s nothin’ done or said that can’t be forgiven
where every step you take is on sacred ground

walk away from death into the land of the living
where all the lost tribes are finally found

This “Short Course In Indian Country History”  is dedicated in part to two brave, loving, and beautiful Native American Women.

One but a young Lakota woman, the other a Mic Mac Mother, both raped and murdered…    

Jancita Eagle Deer 

who was  raped by former South Dakota Governor, William Janklow and had signed a statement to that affect. She was murdered before she could testify. Her mother was next…


Annie Mae Aquash 

who was “allegedly” murdered and raped by so called “Native American’s” within the 

Thirty Years of FBI Harassment and Misconduct 

“Research Papers” 

for your enlightenment and understanding.

“The American Holocaust” – “Manifest Destiny “

A Comparative History by Lilian Friedberg, A Jewish Scholar

Reflections on “Manifest Destiny” and Race

A Jewish Writer For Wall Street Journal Justifies the Extermination of American Indians!

Indigenous People of America Have “The Right To Exist”

A Translation of Aboriginal Indigenous Thought

Colonialism, Resistance, and De-Colonization

By Debbie White Plume

Native American History, Comparative Genocide and the Holocaust

by Brenden Rensink

How Can You Go To A Church That Killed So Many Indians? 

Deconstructing The American Mythology: Revisionist Western and U.S. History

By Adam Rlcoh

“Rainbow Swastika” – New Age Plan for Native Americans, among others: “The Final Solution”!

“Welcome to one Jew’s analysis of a Kinder, Gentler Final Solution” – By Hannah Newman – A Conservative Jew Living In Israel

The war continues daily in “INDIAN COUNTRY”…that being a genocidal war against American Indians. 

This war is a historical continuation of genocide which began when Europeans first stepped on the shores of this continent. 

It is a war to annihilate American Indians using a process of social, political,  economic and spiritual  ‘engineering’  inspired from the Throne of Hell itself and which has targeted Indigenous Peoples from the beginning in the implementation of those  ‘living conditions’ (“ethnic cleansing“) which are designed to cause the physical and spiritual death of a race of human beings.                

Thanksgiving” – A First Nations View

Terrorism in my Homeland: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives

Navajo Long Walk, to the suffering place

Geronimo – His Own Story

Prison Camps & The Trail Of Tears (Part 1)

Prison Camps & The Trail Of Tears (Part 2)

Trail of Tears – A Death March of the Cherokee

 Documents on the Sand Creek Massacre

Trail of Tears from Mississippi walked by our Choctaw ancestors

The Effects of Removal on American Indian Tribes

“The American Holocaust” – “Manifest Destiny “- A Comparative History by Lilian Friedberg, A Jewish Scholar

Indigenous People of America Have “The Right To Exist”   Buy this book!  A Translation of Aboriginal Indigenous Thought

Colonialism, Resistance, and De-Colonization

The Canadian Holocaust

Jewish Exploitation Of American Indians

SOUL WOUND: The Legacy of Native American Schools

Abuse Charges Hit Rosebud Reservation Church-Run Schools Cited In Wide-Ranging Lawsuit


Universal Wholly Pedophilic Church

HUD Fraud, Spooks and the Slumlords of Harvard – The Harvard-Bush Connection

HUD Corruption and Money Making

Bill Clintons Speech of “Broken Promises” on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation after the Tornados in 99

“America’s Pathological Behavior”

“The Only Good Indian Is A Dead Indian” 

Standing Rock: America’s Indian’s Are Still Losing

Honoring Indians With Disrespect

The New Iraq sounds an awful lot like the Old Pine Ridge

Lord Jeffrey Amherst’s letters discussing germ warfare against American Indians


Connecting the Murderous Dots between the “Wizard of OZ”, L. Frank Baum, The European Holocaust of Jews, The American Holocaust of Indigenous Americans, and the Present Day Racial Insensitivity to “Indian Country” .

Conversion to Jesus, “Catholic Style”

Sitting Bull, His Vision of the “Little Big Horn”, and Defeat of Custer

Racism in the Media Towards Native Americans

‘Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee’ brings controversy

Before there was  “Luby’s Massacre” and “The Virginia Tech Massacre” and “The Columbine Massacre” 

There was   “The Bear River Massacre” and “The Sand Creek Massacre” and “The Wounded Knee Massacre”

Mass Graves: The Open Sores of a History in Denial from the Depths of the American Continent

Cherokee Nation Under Attack by Racist, Ignorant, Uneducated, Unable to Read Treaties “House Negro’s” and Incognito “Buffalo Soldiers” Diane E. Watson and Mel Watts


The 9th Calvary of black buffalo soldiers at Wounded Knee who brought in 2 of the 4 Hotchkiss Guns used to slaughter 300 innocent Lakota Dec. 29, 1890. The 9th Calvary is alive and well today in the “Congressional Black Caucus”, the “Black” version of the “White” KKK led by Diane E. Watson and Mel Watts!

Black Mercenary Buffalo Soldier on left with with members of Custer’s “White 7th Calvary” and one of the two Hotchkiss Guns the 9th Calvary of “coloured soldiers” brought to the “Killing Fields” of Wounded Knee!

Big Foot’s band of Lakota, destined victims of the Mass Murder Massacre at Wounded Knee (Library of Congress)

In the 1860’s, “slaves” were hired by the United States government to kill Native Americans for MONEY in order to “EARN” their “FREEDOM” from their


The 9th and 10th Cavalry Regiments of “BLACK MERCENARY Buffalo Soldiers” conducted campaigns against American Indian tribes from Montana, Texas, New Mexico, South Dakota and Arizona. Throughout the era of the Indian Wars, approximately twenty percent of the U.S. Cavalry troopers were African Americans. They fought over 177 engagements against the Apache, Comanche, Ute, Kiowa, Shoshone, Cheyenne, Bannock, Kickapoo, Sioux and Blackfoot. At least 18 Medals of Honor were presented to Black Buffalo Soldiers during the Western Campaigns!

A Murdered Chief Big Foot on a 100 Dollar Bill just off the press for Watson, Watts, and their “Freed Men”!

  (At least the Cherokee aren’t MASS MURDERERS of FREEDMEN!)

‘Freedmen call Cherokees racist’ – Senator Coburn (Oklahoma States WHITE Mr. KKK!) Supports Group  

By Mike Graham

Ballard Of The Hotchkiss Gun

Ballad by Private. W. H. Prather, an African-American member I Troop, Ninth Cavalry (Black Buffalo Soldiers). 

Composed and sung by troops during the “Wounded Knee” campaign of 1890 In honor of the victory at Wounded Knee

The Red Skins left their Agency, the Soldiers left their Post,
All on the strength of an Indian tale about the Messiah’s ghost
Got up by the savage chieftans to lead their tribes astray;
But Uncles Sam wouldn’t have it so, for he ain’t built that way.
They swore that this Messiah came to them in visions sleep,
And promised to restore their game and Buffalos a heap,
So they must start a big ghost dance, then all would join their band,
And may be so we lead the way into the great Bad Land.

They claimed the shirt Messiah gave, no bullet could go through,
But when the soldiers fired at them they saw this was not true.
The Medicine man supplied them with their great Messiah’s grace,
And he, too, pulled his freight and swore the 7th hard to face.

About their tents the Soldiers stood, awaiting one and all,
That they might hear the trumpet clear when sounding General call
Or Boots and Saddles in a rush, that each and every man
Might mount in haste, ride soon and fast to stop this devilish band
But Generals great like Miles and Brooke don’t do things up that way,
For they know an Indian like a book, and let him have his sway
Until they think him far enough and then to John they’ll say,
“You have better stop your fooling or we’ll bring our guns to play.”

They claimed the shirt, etc.

The 9th marched out with splendid cheer the Bad Lands to explo’e-
With Col. Henry at their head they never fear the foe;
So on they rode from Xmas eve ’till dawn of Xmas day;
The Red Skins heard the 9th was near and fled in great dismay;
The 7th is of courage bold both officers and men,
But bad luck seems to follow them and twice has took them in;
They came in contact with Big Foot’s warriors in their fierce might
This chief made sure he had a chance of vantage in the fight.

They claimed the shirt, etc.

A fight took place, ’twas hand to hand, unwarned by trumpet call,
While the Sioux were dropping man by man – the 7th killed them all,
And to that regiment be said “Ye noble braves, well, done,
Although you lost some gallant men a glorious fight you’ve won.”
The 8th was there, the sixth rode miles to swell that great command
And waited orders night and day to round up Short Bulls band.
The Infantry marched up in mass the Calvary’s support,
And while the latter rounded up, the former held the fort.

They claimed the shirt, etc.

E Battery of the 1st stood by and did their duty well,
For every time the Hotchkiss barked they say a hostile fell.
Some Indian soldiers chipped in too and helped to quell the fray,
And now the campaign’s ended and the soldiers marched away.
So all have done their share, you see, whether it was thick or thin
And all helped break the ghost dance up and drive the hostiles in.
The settlers in that region now can breathe with better grace;
They only ask and pray to God to make John hold his base.

They claimed the shirt, etc.

American Horse

“They turned their guns, Hotchkiss Guns, upon the women who were in the lodges standing there under a flag of truce, and of course as soon as they were fired upon they fled…There was a woman with an infant in her arms who was killed as she almost touched the flag of truce [which flew over the Lakota camp], and the women and children of course were strewn all along the circular village until they were dispatched. Right near the flag of truce a mother was shot down with her infant; the child not knowing that its mother was dead was still nursing, and that especially was a very sad sight.

The women as they were fleeing with their babes were killed together, shot right through, and the women who were very heavy with child were also killed…After most all of them had been killed a cry was made that all those who were not killed or wounded should come forth and they would be safe. Little boys who were not wounded came out of their places of refuge, and as soon as they came in sight a number of soldiers surrounded them and butchered them there…Of course it would have been all right if only the men had been killed; we would feel almost grateful for it. But the fact of the killing of the women, and more especially the killing of the young boys and girls who are to go to make up the future strength of the Indian people, is the saddest part of the whole affair and we feel it very sorely.”

James Mooney, “The Ghost Dance Religion and the Sioux Outbreak of 1890,” in Fourteenth Annual Report of the United States Bureau of Ethnology (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1896) Part Two, p. 877


“I did not know then how much was ended. When I look back now from this high hill of my old age, I can still see the butchered women and children lying heaped and scattered all along the crooked gulch as plain as when I saw them with eyes still young. and I can see that something else died there in the bloody mud, and was buried in the blizzard. 

A people’s dream died there. 

It was a beautiful dream.”   

Black Elk, Oglala

Chief Big Foot, MURDERED and His Body Frozen 

“Having wronged them for centuries we had better, in order to protect our civilization, follow it up by one more wrong and wipe these untamed and untamable creatures from the face of the earth. In this lies future safety for our settlers and the soldiers who are under incompetent commands. Otherwise, we may expect future years to be as full of trouble with the redskins as those have been in the past.”
Quote – L. Frank Baum, 1891

10 years before L. Frank Baum wrote The Wizard of Oz, he was also calling for the genocide of Native Americans in his editorials.

L. Frank Baum’s “GENOCIDE” Editorials


“… every redskin must be killed from off the face of the plains before we can be free from their molestations. They are of no earthly good and the sooner they are swept from the land the better for civilization… I do not think they can be turned and made good law abiding citizens any more than coyotes can be used for shepherd dogs”
Quote – Major John Vance Lauderdale, surgeon US Army. Attending physician at Wounded Knee Massacre


“Hunting redskins became for the time being a popular sport in New England, especially since prisoners were worth good money, and the personal danger to the hunters was now very slight.”
From Douglas Edward Leach, Flintlock and Tomahawk: New England in King Philip’s War (W.W. Norton & Co. 1958)

“Fact: Most modern scholars estimate the population of the indigenous people of North America to have been between 10-20 million. In 1840, the population was estimated to be around two million. By 1880, native numbers had dropped to 250,000.”

“It’s Only a Game?” Exhibit, Western Carolina University Cherokee Center and the Native American Student Association at WCU

Bounties offered by the British, French, and American colonial governments ranged in amounts but in some regions a male Indian’s skin was worth the same as a deer’s “buckskin” hide. Hunters began applying the word “buck” for Indian males.


“Others say it was first used on signs at Dutch Trading Posts that listed the ‘skins’ they brought. Among them were beaver skins – and redskins.

On the Northeast coast, the U.S. Government had put a bounty on American Indians’ heads. People had to prove they had killed an American Indian in order to get the bounty. How did they prove it? At first they would bring in the head, but that got too cumbersome, so it simply became the scalps. The prices for scalps were different depending on whether they were taken from a male or a female, and whether they were taken from an adult or a child. Adult females brought the most money because they could produce American Indian offspring killing the reproducing members of a society is a mechanism to reduce the population. How did they prove the sex of the person the scalp once belonged to? For women they would cut off the breasts and present them with the scalp. For children’s scalps it was often the feet that were cut off.”

Cincinnati Zapatista Coalition
American Indian Mascot Page


Colonists during the Revolutionary War wrote what they did to Indians “tortured . . . whole families, and scalped the dead” and “honored their bravest victims by eating them.” The American soldiers “showed off pairs of legging made from the skin of dead Indians.”
From Schanzer, Rosalyn – George vs. George : The Revolutionary War as Seen by Both Sides


Redskins” is at the top of the heap on the offense side. Its origins are despicable, arising from bounty-hunting days, when hauling “Indian kill” by the gunnysack and wagonload became too cumbersome. Bounties then were paid for scalplocks, instead of heads, and bloody “red skins,” in lieu of whole bodies of Native children, women and men.
– Quote Susan Shown Harjo


“Both being beasts of prey, tho’ they differ in shape.”

Quote -George Washington, President of the United States of America (Stannard) – referring to Native Americans and wolves

Washington’s troops amused themselves by skinning the bodies of Indians “from the hips downward, to make boot tops or leggins.”
Works Cited – Anthony F.C., Wallace, the Death and Rebirth of the Seneca (Knoph, 1979)
Editor’s Note: Government sponsored democide and skinning of “Redskins” under George Washington




Connection to suicide and murder-suicides in “Indian Country”

Think “Red Lakes” and PROZAC!

Paxil Directly Connected to Suicides

 Experts say psychiatric drugs linked to long list of school shooting sprees

Evidence Of Anti-Depressant/Psychotropic Drug Connection To Suicides and Suicide/Murders In “Indian Country” and America

Suicidality, violence and mania caused by selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs): A review and analysis

Biological Psychiatry Of Nazi German

Psych-Rights Law Project for Psychiatric Rights

Antidepressants and Violence: Problems at the Interface of Medicine and Law

British Psychiatry: From Eugenics to Assassination

The Hidden Side Of Psychiatry

Nazi Eugenics Conspiracy-Psychiatry Kills

Eugenics and the Third Reich

Mass Murderers in White Coats  

From Harvard to Buchenwald: A Chronology of Psychiatry and Eugenics

Cannabis/ Marijuana May Trigger Schizophrenia

Vaccines and the negative affect on “Indian Country”

Questions about Vaccinations

 YES, there are “religious exemptions” so your children do not have to take vaccines! 


 Think HIV/AIDS!

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The Reservation’s Ten Commandments

(As Given By The United States of America) 

  1. You shall have no other forms of government before me

  2. You shall not make for yourself an independent and self-sufficient government, for I am a jealous bureaucracy and will punish the Indian children for the sins of their fathers to the seventh generation of those who hate me

  3. You shall not misuse my name or my symbols, for I will impale you on my flagpole

  4. Remember the first of each month by keeping it holy The rest of the month you shall go hungry, but the first day of each month is a tribute to me, and you shall receive welfare checks and commodity food in exchange for your continued dependence

  5. Honor your Indian father and Indian mother because I have stripped them of their land, language, and hearts, and they need your compassion, which is a commodity I do not supply

  6. You shall not murder, but I will bring FBI and CIA agents to your reservations and into your homes, and the most intelligent, vocal, and angriest members of your tribes will vanish quietly

  7. You shall not commit adultery, but I will impregnate your women with illegitimate dreams

  8. You shall not steal back what I have already stolen from you

  9. You shall not give false testimony against any white men, but they will tell lies about you, and I will believe them and convict you

  10. You shall not covet the white man’s house You shall not covet the white man’s wife, or his hopes and opportunities, his cars or VCRs, or anything that belongs to the white man 

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Catholic Church Removes “Suicide Prevention” Radio Program On The Rosebud Sioux Reservation

The radio program is downloaded to listen to.

Best Heard Using Windows Media Player 10 or 11 – Click HERE to download.

Part 1 and Part 2

“The White Man’s 400 Year Tsunami” Against First Nations Peoples of America”

Hog Farm Contaminates Rosebud Sioux Tribe Land and Water


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Malcolm X would call Cora Faith Walker a “House Negro” and why!

I shared the below information with  Black Missouri House Representative Cora Faith Walker. Below is Facebook’s response which includes a 30-day ban. I posted this information about her upholding a Nazi genocide program of her own race by White woman, Nazi, and founding mother of Planned Parenthood Margaret Sanger!

Walker as a Black woman also has no problem with a Black man and  fellow representative in the Missouri House that rapes women including her. His name is Roberts!

Put his name in my search box to see how Cora Faith Walker not only is  now silent about a rapist just because he’s Black.

Read what Tony Messenger of the St Louis Today wrote about what happened to Cora Faith Walker at the hands of Stevens and why Messenger believed her story about her being raped by Roberts!

I’m quoting Malcolm X using his REAL BLACK view of those Blacks who are members of the Democratic Party who he calls house negro’s and chumps and who are the real racists concerning their own race by the default of being members of the Democratic party, the party of the KKK.

Listen to Malcolm X and if you happen to be Black like Cora Faith Walker, you need not only listen to him closely but know for a fact he’s talking about you if you’re a Democrat.


This is Facebook’s response to my post. Obviously Mark Zuckerberg and Facebook have no problem with Black people being exterminated just like Margaret Sanger and Cora Faith Walker!

This post goes against our Community Standards.

It looks like something you posted doesn’t follow our Community Standards.


Boyden Richard

Question? Who is the founding mother of planned Parenthood? Does Cora Faith Walker know? I bet she does! That means she is okay with a self-professed Nazi and hater of Cora Faith Walker’s race who she called a weed race that needed to be exterminated.
The founding mother planned Parenthood is Margaret Sanger and a documented admirer of Adolf Hitler. Black people were a weed race according to Sanger along with Native Americans and Jews and Christians. All needed to be exterminated according to Margaret Sanger. So taking control of one’s body is what this is about, y’all really think?
Are we really talking about family planning or are we really really talking about uncontrolled godless fornicating lifestyles that produce not human fetuses which need to be destroyed because of the consequence of not family planning and not wanting a child when your fornicating! Godless fornicators don’t plan for families.
They just like dancing under the sheets. God in the scriptures calls them whores and whoremongers who have no interest in a Godly family. So Cora Faith Walker is okay with the genocide of her own people by aligning herself with a racist who wanted her own people exterminated!
If one is planning a family, then you have a child and and if not, then you take all the birth control options to make sure you don’t get pregnant and there are many that can nip that in the bud yesterday long before 8 weeks. Now for women who don’t want to have children at all and want to eliminate the potential of becoming pregnant, then the absolute problem solution for that is to get a hysterectomy. Don’t tell me that men should get a mastectomy so that women don’t want to get pregnant and if they do want to have an abortion.
It’s called controlling your own body and not a man’s body right? Can’t be hypocritical and have a double standard it applies only to you! This is what is called Planned NO Parenthood by hysterectomy!
That eliminates being a race hater of your own race and a women in general. Too bad some folks don’t know history or they don’t care if they do but just talk to talk because they want to be popular rather than realistic.

Upcoming Radio Interview With “Real Indian” Emerson Elk Oglala Lakota Elder and Headman

Image result for emerson elk oglala lakota


  1. Sunday Night June 11, 2017 at 8pm Central Time Call ALL Native Americans PRAIRIE NIGGERS (except the “Cherokee) as Bill Bunting does is going to be addressed by Full Blood Headman Emerson Elk in a “historical context” of how and what White racist raping pedophiles which Bunting represents did to his Oyate… PEOPLE. Using the individual examples like Bunting to the collective such as the Government, churches, military, Black “raping murdering of Native women and girls” Buffalo Soldiers (Posterity of Adrian Lang 🙂 ) among others. A rapist was given the DEATH SENTENCE
  2. We are going to discuss what a REAL INDIAN is… a “Federal Fraud Indian”, “Indian Citizenship” and any and all things related to “Indian Country”. I will share information about the DOCUMENTED FBI sponsored controlled and allowed for drug cartels to be embedded on Reservations distributing drugs such as meth and heroin and the destructive affect of the black culture on Native Youth!And of course discussing Bill the RAPE PROMOTER Bunting and his “WhoreWife” Karen Sue Bunting/Karen Sue Andras/Karen Sue Shelton/Karen Elkins 🙂 state that ALL  said all Lakota/American Indian Women DESERVE to be RAPED by Whites and Blacks etc. They together represent the filthy spirits of pedophilia and sodomy that Indian Country was exposed to by Europeans upon arrival.
  3. So rape will be addressed by Elk as he did in this interview. and Pedophilia was a White and Black man (Buffalo Soldiers) thing that Native People suffered when they were exposed to the same. And that among the Lakota/Dakota if one raped a woman…that was a DEATH SENTENCE. Learn what rape does to a woman from a Lakota spiritual understanding.

    Listen and learn the truth about Operation Morning Star…the charity I founded and used to feed the Lakota Dakota people on Pine Ridge, Rosebud, Cheyenne and Crow Creek Reservations for close to 20 years and about the assistance program of helping those in need who live in the poorest conditions in this country and WHY!


Read what Emerson Elk has shared before. Consider this a short “History Lesson” that destroys U.S. Government LIES attached to the GENOCIDAL “Manifest Destiny” history of this Satan owned using Free Mason’s Government…say Lucifer Is God Worshippers! This will help one understand what a “Real Indian” IS and a “U.S. Government Fraudulent Created Indian” is and that connection to the “Treaties”.

Email to me… for your educational edification using a recent example of Treaty Violation Pipeline fiasco.

“Hau mikolapi, we attended the public meeting that was labeled a treaty meeting and it was very sad.

The 1934 IRA  tribal people thought they were sovereign and were a nation.a lot of people thought they could start a treaty I’d card and once it’s established, they’ll use it to start defending their treaty right. I had to explain to them that they will be in violation of the federal law that is on the book ,conspiracy to commit fraud by trafficking in ID documents. It took awhile but they understood.
A half-breed male was very pushy about sovereignty.him and several others were all for the I’d cards but once I explained the federal Indian and the end of the trail for the federal Indian by fundamental public policy, they were very upset and wanted to pick a fight with whoever brought this out.(me)
I stood my grounds and let it be known  that we look at these issues since the hereditary chief and head men chose me to sit with them since 2007. Since then it’s been a 24-7 examination of all laws and to whom it applies.ALL CORPORATIONS Of THE CORPORATION USA, FEDERAL,STATES,TRIBES,COUNTY, COUNTY-TRIBES,MUNICIPALITIES.
This was explained to them in a way they would understand. Yet they keep falling back on federal and state laws. I had to try to explain how we (hehaka tiospaye) went through the administrative remedy to prove that we are full blood Lakota by patralineal descent and matralineal descent.Tthis is what it takes to be Lakota, Dakota, Nakota and Wajaje of the original seven council fires nation AKA The Great Sioux Nation.
The visitors or white people understood me, clapped their hands and whooped it up in approval.they seen and understood diplomatic class standing. Tribal chair men Dave Archambeault and Frazier were in awe. I I told them that they can never represent me in any treaty matters and that they don’t have any treaty rights as they are the federal government, with their federal constitution and laws, tribal.
They are a Corporation of the federal government. As a matter of fact there is a treaty between us. And you are in violation of your own law,and tt’s called the Logan act. You can not enter a sacred agreement between two sovereign nations. You are a corporation of the federal government in originality and federal government is not a sovereign nation and can never make a treaty within itself. Federal government is an ideology.
All 1934 IRA tribes were bestowed quasi-sovereign. This is a social contract to educate, assimilate and terminate the FEDERAL INDIAN. This happened two years ago with termination of federal services and funding. By executive order of the president of USA Obama, the borders of the reservation were lifted and the tribal citizens were given their human rights subjecting them to UCC, TAXATION and eminent domain and becoming citizens of the state which is nobody, nothing, just another person, which goes to WHITE residents and tenants of the state.
How are you going to pay your tax?? They were dumb founded. I asked Dave Archambeault “When you went to Washington, what did they tell you? Federal funding is over,correct??” And he nodded, yes.
Now about the multi racial roll. You are labelled as an off spring of the pedophiles, squaw men, calvary and clergy. Look at the history of the Ft.Laramie army post. There was mentioned the mountain men that were trapping and some followed the cavalry providing goods and services.l Like Cuny and Ecoffey trading company…this offspring sitting right here in front of me.( cuny dog was sitting in front of me -he’s the head security at dapl.) He couldn’t say anything, all red in the face. He is not Lakota, can never be Lakota. He doesn’t have the pure red man blood. Name says it all.
99% of these Sioux nation tribes are in this situation. That’s why the state governors are doing what they are doing. Federal Indian is not a real flesh and blood being. created and innovated, federally recognized.(legal fiction??)
These can not represent the full blood Lakota. Fraudulent conversion and conveyance.Fraud vitiates any thing it touches. Fraud when mentioned has to be examined and convicted or exonerated. Federal Indian can never claim sovereign statues as it only exists on paper as name and number.
They were upset but I reminded them about WHO made these laws. Logan act violations, Senate can not invade. Congress itself is powerless to intrude into a treaty.
Only the President can make a treaty,f or his conduct, he’s responsible to the organic US constitution.
The IRA tribes do not have any treaty rights. It was a sad meeting. Basically,I was a teacher. All flunked the test. Crow dog was there but he was all AIM, for unity and every one is Lakota in his eyes. I had to explain the multi racial rolls and how it is affecting each and every single tribal members individually. They have to prove that they are who they say they are or they have committed a crime on the record.
I talked about indigenous identity theft and oceti sakowin identity theft . Treaties, all reserved silent treaty rights, which includes water and how the federal government has changed the winters doctrine and made changes to it that specifies the quantification of water.
Use it or lose it. Went to how much you use in 1 day , 1 week,1month and 1 year and since you are unable to store this amount, you lost it it went down the river and now you are using some one else’s water and the federal government will charge you for pro rata tax. Use it or lose it policy.
This does not apply in the 1868 Ft. Laramie treaty. Treaty Indian property does not apply to artificial Indians.
On may 20,2016 President Obama signed into law Hr4238 which stipulated that there will be no more oriental, ‘negro’, or Indian, scrubbed from all federal laws.  Which left all tribal membership as non Indians.  What will happen to all Indian property?? Indian appropriations, tribal land, casinos, Lakota, Dakota, Nakota and Wajaje of the original seven council fires nation aka the great Sioux nation.
This week Fri. Sat. and Sunday there’s more  meeting scheduled concerning the delegates that will be chosen to meet President Obama in Chicago in two and a half weeks.
Again I have to reiterate that only the original hereditary chief and head men of the original seven council fires nation aka great Sioux nation are the only one to make demands and the President has to enforce those decisions.decisions made are non negotiable.
No dapl, no keystone xl pipelines. Removal of all illegal corporations from treaty territories. Return land and water in pristine condition and to pay us for all back rent, payable on demand. Lawsuit to be initiated for illegal investors of the pipelines, investment in a criminal enterprises, violation of treaty, therefore subject to confiscation for treaty violation of illegal easements and right of way. Once treaty legality established, confiscation of all investments will be under eminent domain of original seven council fires nation aka great Sioux nation.
Lakota is real flesh and blood intrinsic being. Original blood.
So keep praying for us and there is danger even among the people in the meeting. There is no real  security for us chief and head men but it has to be done.
Also subject matter; jurisdiction and sovereignty must be proven to exist. It can not be assumed.
Therefore the sacred Black hills are not for sale. They belong to the creator of the universe and original nations people are chosen caretakers.
Federal government has no legal and lawful jurisdiction over it. Thiefdom!! Seignorage, it  does not belong to them. Fraudulent conversion and conveyance. Fraud vitiates any thing it touches.
 “Hau kola Richard ,
I wanted to make a correction on this story. the part where I was quoted as saying sept. 29 ,2009 these tribal citizens became Lakota is wrong , the Patrilineal blood of the original Lakota ,Dakota,nakota and wajaje of the original oceti sakowin is what is sacred . on the cobell lawsuit it is mentioned in the historical accounting , 1887 to sept.29,2009 , the social contract , 1934 ,Indian Reorganization Act ,was to run for 50 yrs. from 1934 to 1984 , 1984 came but the majority of these tribes were not ready so a 25 year extension was given , 2009 ??  the cobell lawsuit mentions specifically sept. 29,2009. and the administration accounting took away the indian preference for 1000.00 and then the persons other than 4/4 C.D.I.B. became U.S, citizens , non indian status , 1849 Lake Peppin Sioux Halfbreed Tract , Presidential Proclamation , If your Daddy is a White man ,you are a U.S.Ciitizen , you are not indian ,and you can not own indian land , and then comes the affordable care act , to take away the full blood , half breed and the mix bloods ,to make them into one , termination of federal supervision, ending the Indian Health Service Hospital taxation , why did the white house council of native American affairs set up a committee to tax the Indians ??these artificial federal Indians become state citizens by the U.N. declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples , on may 1&2 , 2012 , the U.N. Human Rights Commission came to Rosebud ,sinte gleska university ,prof James Anaya gave them their human rights , I went  with jerilyn and we told the we already have god given rights ,we don’t need their false rights. served them with a special appearance in the cobell lawsuit. today , these tribal citizens turned state citizens are in the dark , they don’t understand what happened to them , no longer federally recognized , they are tax payers ,subject to U.C.C. law , taxation ,eminent domain ??  tok’sa ake’ Emerson

Jewish Racism and The Genocide of American Indians

INTRO: Old article I put together and will update in time with more links etc.

Jewish Racism and The Genocide of American Indians

Recently I was searching the news visiting one of my favorite sites, “Israel National News”, an online Internet publication out of IsraeI. I noticed a shocking article stating that Columbus was in fact a Jew and not a Christian Gentile. As I read the information, I immediately readjusted my understanding of “American History” as pertaining to American Indians and Jews and how Jewish Racism starting with Columbus, was one of the primary sources of the political, economic, and physical genocide of American Indians.

My Grandfather was Jewish and I once lived in Israel and also lived in Israel. As a former radio talk show host, I many times focused on issues related to Israel including interviewing Holocaust survivors.These were Jews who were victims of Nazi Racism. Even though my Jewish roots were not “official” due to the fact  I have no immediate “matrilineal” connection to my heritage, I am acutely aware of the Spiritual calling and role of Jewish people in their relationship with God and mankind. Because of this part of my life, I was aware of injustice and racism on a level that allowed me to understand more fully the genocidal history of American Indians and sadly enough, the role of Jewish people in this tragic history.

From my college days, I have at one time or another been directly involved with American Indians through my involvement with and working for various Indian organizations, as well as teaching investigative journalism at Haskell Indian Nations University, living on a reservation in South Dakota, as well as interviewing dozen’s of prominent Indians from various tribes and backgrounds as a radio talk show host in Kansas City. I also became aware of the obvious and blatant involvement of Jews in the genocidal history of American Indians in contrast to their spiritual calling to right the injustices they have experienced from 1492 to this day and this “American Holocaust” history is discussed by Lilian Friedberg a Jewish scholar who wrote an article called Dare to Compare: Americanizing the Holocaust.

In further readings, I discovered another shocking fact that contributes to American Indian Genocide to this day and that is the fact that the first whiskey distilleries started in America were established in Newport. by a Jew named Nicholas Lowe and that whiskey was a “Jewish tool” to take advantage of Indians in “commerce”. Also, the first slaves were not African, but Indians taken by Columbus to Europe. Most all of the slave ships used in transporting African peoples to America as slaves, were Jewish owned.

I found a story on a Jewish “bounty hunter” named Sigmund Shlesinger, a Jewish immigrant from New York City, working in Kansas on Cheyenne lands near Sheridan Kansas. He gleefully participated in the mass murder and genocide of American Indians, participated in hunting down American Indian families in their homes and attacking them. His Jewish racism targeting American Indians included making sure they were murdered, terrorized, and deported in a massive ethnic cleansing. “Scalpt 3 Indians which were found 15 feet from my hole consealt in grass…for the purpose of collecting bounty.” (American Jewish Archives, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati)

More recent are news articles published in the Wall Street Journal, written by a Jew named Kaplan, glorifying the various military campaigns of Indian killing, as something to be proud of. Michael Medved, a Jewish talk show host, states that there was nothing close to a “Holocaust” of Indians as compared to Jewish history. He called Indian Nations “Struggling Stone Age Societies”.

Then there is the scamming lying works of a Jew named Abramhoff who’s resume was pure exploitation of Indian Tribal casino monies. Abramhoff used the “F” word to describe American Indians. He considered them a “lower form of existance…they are just plain stupid…Morons.”

And on Indian Reservations here in South Dakota, H. R. Block (Bloch), a Jewish owned tax service, is engaged in racist “predatory lending” and making hundreds of thousands of dollars off of unsuspecting Indians by offering “quick high interest loans” in the name of “getting your refund sooner”. Block was sued for doing the same among poor Blacks but has a “green light” from the government to exploit American Indians.

The highest prices for food and groceries are found in two Jewish owned stores on the Pine Ridge and Rosebud reservations…20-30 % higher as compared to off reservation stores. Single Indian mothers needing pampers and wipes for their babies have to pay $2 to $4 more per package. Formula is overpriced compared to Wal-Mart. These mothers earn in some cases less than $400 dollars a month. Is this not racism and economic exploitation of American Indians by Jewish Racism?

The point I am making, is that as I have studied, observed, and witnessed Jewish contact and involvement with American Indians, it has been from the beginning to this day, solely for the purpose of using and exploiting for the purpose of making money off of American Indians. This includes the theft of the Black Hills, the billions in gold stolen from the Black Hills and the ignoring of this by the Jewish segment in America. Jews also have ignored the “loss” of billions of dollars in “trust monies” owed to American Indians by the same United States government. But of course, they want their lost and stolen assets from the Holocaust paid back. How hypocritical.

I also have experienced only one response from Jewish people in responding to the efforts of the charity I am president of, Operation Morning Star. There have been over 30 newspaper articles, various television spots, and numerous attempts on my part to get assistance from Jewish people. Only one congregation responded in 14 years, no philanthropic organizations, no “rich” Jewish families or individuals. Yet I see the same helping other races and cultures in this country and world wide. Why is that?

Last year I called the local Jewish Community Center in Kansas City and informed them of the fact the play they were showing there, the Wizard of Oz, was written by L. Frank Baum. I informed them that Baum was a hater of American Indians after the order of a “Hitler” and as a “prominent” newspaper editor in South Dakota, he called for the total extermination of American Indians.

The response from the Jewish Community Center was that of no concern which for me, was a confirmation that for the majority of Jews in America, “the only good Indian is a dead Indian” You can see Baum’s play shown in many Jewish Community Centers throughout the United States.

To my knowledge, there have been few if any attempts on the part of Jewish people whether it be lawyers or organizations, Synagogues, let alone “rich” Jews, to be involved in reparations, economic development, let alone legal representation in personal and collective efforts to assist American Indians in the area of justice. Correct me if I am wrong.

One blatant example is in the use of racist language to identify various ethnic groups. It is not politically correct or acceptable to use the words “kike”, “wetback”, “sambo”, “gook”, “n—-r”, or .”rag head” among others. BUT it is perfectly acceptable by non-American Indians to use the word “REDSKIN”.

This racist word has it’s historical record of “bounty hunters” needing to present PROOF that they murdered a “REDSKIN”. Such proof came in the form of “mutilated body parts” such as testicles, breasts, scalps, etc. so that a they could collect their “blood money”. Any outcry from any element of the Jewish segment of society? B’nai B’rith? Anti-Defamation League? Prominent Jewish lawyers or Government officials? Say “Washington REDSKINS”! What about “Washington NIGGERSKINS”?

Three weeks ago in Rapid City, I met with Orli Gil, Consulate General for the State of Israel. On that day, there was an article in the Rapid City Journal discussing her interaction with prominent citizens and politicians from South Dakota. I noticed that there was not one individual representing any Native American organization or Nation. So I chose to call her office in Chicago and a meeting was arranged with her.

During our discussion I asked her if Israel would be willing to contribute some of her expertise in an area of “economic development”, similar to how Israel has assisted other Nations and Peoples. She brought up the subject of developing a “aqua-culture” project to raise and process trout commercially. I agreed that such a project would be one that could do two things. One provide food and the other, a business enterprise.

To my dismay, at the end of our meeting she made a very disparaging statement. She stated that Israel needed to be concerned about the “reaction” of those who might be critical of such an undertaking. I was shocked! My response to her was, why should Israel be concerned about the reactions of any group or Nation when during the European Holocaust, no one did one thing to stop the extermination of Jews. She had no answer.

But Israel and American Jewish organizations have been and are actively involved in providing economic aid, development, and technical assistance to all other races, cultures, and nations who are in need, suffering from poverty, wars, or natural disasters. But find me ANY efforts by ONE Jewish entity directed at American Indians suffering from the same…just one please!

Here in South Dakota, I have seen one of the most despicable, disgusting, and evil examples of Jewish racism directed at American Indians. It is the direct involvement of Jewish individuals in the Justice Department and FBI in the cover-up of the murder and rape of American Indians. The most glaring example is the rape and murder of Jancita Eagle Deer. She was raped by the former Governor of South Dakota, Bill Janklow, a “closet Jew”. Two weeks before she was to testify, she was found dead…murdered. According to a number of people I have talked to, she was last seen alive with an FBI undercover agent and Janklow. To this day, the FBI and the Justice Department have not questioned, arrested, or indicted Janklow for anything concerning her rape and death.

I met a Jewish Federal Prosecutor at the Rosh Hashanah service here in the Black Hills named Gregg Pederman. I discussed with him the case of a yet to be arrested prominent American Indian man who is alleged to have raped 6 women in “ceremonies” by drugging them and that I had two women willing to file charges. He said to call him and I have twice and left messages and that was almost 2 weeks ago.

In my mind, such behavior is in itself a desecration of what it means to truly be Jewish according to my studies of the Torah and those scriptures that define what being Jewish really is and is not. Such blasphemy may well escape the halls of justice in time…but not in eternity any more then  acts of rape and murder will.


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