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Why Obama Is Allowing Mexican Criminals In…say “Indian Country”!

Drug Busts & Seizures Meth ring targeted reservations

Methamphetamine and Native Americans

By BRODIE FARQUHAR Casper Star-Tribune correspondent Sunday, August 21, 2005 LANDER —

A ruthlessly planned and executed business plan developed by a Mexican drug ring targeted Indian reservations in the West for methamphetamine distribution. Leaders of that drug gang are in prison or on the run, say law enforcement officials, who broke up a meth distribution ring based in Ogden, Utah. The gang’s tentacles reached deep into the Wind River Indian Reservation and surrounding Fremont County communities in Wyoming. Last month, Jesus Martin Sagaste-Cruz was convicted of distribution of methamphetamine and conspiracy, and sentenced to life in federal prison.

Authorities said he executed a business plan to sell meth not only in Fremont County, but also the Rosebud, Pine Ridge and Yankton reservations in South Dakota and the Santee Sioux Reservation in Nebraska. Authorities estimate he directed the sale of 98 pounds of meth in and around the Wind River reservation. Cruz apparently believed he could exploit jurisdictional loopholes and barriers by focusing on the reservations, authorities said.

Assistant Wyoming U.S. Attorney Robert Murray, an enrolled member of the Eastern Shoshone Tribe, helped prosecute and break up the drug gang’s distribution ring. Murray said he was amazed and disturbed when he learned of the business plan used by the drug ring gangsters. “It actually started with a news article they read in the Denver Post a few years ago,” Murray said.

The article described how liquor stores in the tiny town of Whiteclay, Neb., were profitably selling huge quantities of alcohol to American Indians from the nearby Pine Ridge reservation in South Dakota. Gleaned from several sources in the investigation, the following picture emerged, Murray said. The drug gang business plan was based on the following information: * The Whiteclay liquor stores sold $4 million a year in beer and malt liquor primarily to residents of the nearby Pine Ridge reservation — 18,000 Oglala Lakota Sioux. *

The reservation had an alcoholism problem of epidemic proportions. * Liquor sales peaked each month shortly after monthly per-capita checks were sent in the mail. * Gang members reasoned that if people who were addicted to alcohol could be given free samples of meth, the addicts would quickly switch over to being addicted to meth. * The Mexican-national gang members figured they wouldn’t stand out among American Indians. free and true wyoming :: Meth http://www.freeandtrue.com/meth/news_details.asp?nsectionid=10&ncatid=0&newsid=130 (1 of 3)14/09/07 1:08 AM free and true wyoming :: Meth Department of Health Substance Abuse Division

According to Murray, the plan identified a potential consumer base (Indians living on reservations or nearby); successful businesses that already preyed on addicts (the liquor stores); a regular source of income their customers could use to buy meth (the monthly checks); and the conviction that alcohol consumers could be switched over to being meth consumers (free samples of meth). “It was all there,” Murray said, referring to the elements of a classic business plan.

The gang led by Cruz and his brother, Julio Cesar Sagaste-Cruz could distribute the meth via customers who would be forced to become dealers to support their own habits. The meth could be supplied by “super labs” in California and Mexico, controlled by the Sinaloan Cowboys gang. Law enforcement officials traced the connections from the Sinaloan Cowboys (headquartered in Sinaloa, Mexico) to the Los Angeles-based 18th Street Gang, to the Cruz brothers’ cell in Ogden. “They realized that if they could convert the addiction from alcohol to meth, they could reap the profits,” Murray said.

Executing the plan To execute the business plan, members of the Cruz cell moved into nearby communities of the above reservations, Murray said.

The first thing the Mexican-national gang members did was to develop romantic relationships with Indian women. “Some of them even had children with these Indian women,” Murray said. The women were introduced to meth with free samples, he said. “All of the low-level distributors said they started as recreational users,” and all became severely addicted to meth.

To support their new and expensive habits, meth customers became dealers and distributors themselves, using free samples to recruit customers, Murray said. From there, it was steady growth as customers became dealers/recruiters themselves, and their customers became dealers/recruiters in a deadly pyramid growth scheme.

The growth of the customer base was equal opportunity, with meth sold to Indians and nonIndians alike. Brian Eggleston, a Wyoming Division of Criminal Investigation agent, said the key to breaking the Cruz ring was communication with local law enforcement offices, on and off the reservations. Sharing information and resources allowed for a gradual realization that they were dealing with a large-scale criminal enterprise — much bigger than a few meth heads hanging around a reservation.

Doug Noseep, chief of police for the Bureau of Indian Affairs’ Wind River Agency, agreed that shared communications and resources were crucial. Noseep, an enrolled member of the Eastern Shoshone, is a federal police officer, a graduate of the federal law enforcement training center. When he was working for the BIA in Albuquerque, N.M., he began to hear rumblings about a Mexican-national gang targeting reservations. “When I came back to the Wind River reservation as the police chief in July 2003, I started hearing about four or five Mexicans living over in Arapahoe with some Indian females,” Noseep said. “I kept hearing they were selling a lot of drugs.”

A January 2004 drug bust in Ethete convinced Noseep that he needed help. During that bust, with close to a dozen agents inside the drug house, customers kept coming up to buy drugs. As drug investigations progressed on the reservation, Noseep said the same group of Mexican nationals and their women kept cropping up. “They were tied into everyone we knew,” he said. DCI “opened doors” for the Wind River police, Noseep said, providing a vehicle that could be used for undercover operations, a computer and a slot on the DCI Northwest Enforcement Team for one of Noseep’s patrol officers.

Tightening the noose As meth customers and dealers fell afoul of various law enforcement agencies, Eggleston and his partners in other law enforcement agencies were able to “turn” various meth addicts into informers or cooperators. A complex web of drug, business and romantic relationships http://www.freeandtrue.com/meth/news_details.asp?nsectionid=10&ncatid=0&newsid=130 (2 of 3)14/09/07 1:08 AM free and true wyoming :: Meth emerged, not only on the Wind River reservation and throughout Fremont County, but in and around the other reservations as well.

Here in Fremont County, a total of 17 men and women were swept up in investigation in the communities of Riverton, Lander, Pavillion, Kinnear and on the Wind River Indian Reservation. The noose tightened, and while authorities were able to catch, convict and sentence one Cruz brother to life in prison, the other, Julio, is still at large. “This is an ongoing investigation,” Murray said. “The gangs thought they were safe on reservations,” believing that reservation police departments were nothing to worry about, Noseep said.

They were wrong, largely because of the new partnerships that have emerged among reservation, county, state and federal law enforcement agencies. “What I want people to know,” Noseep said, “is that if they see something, they should report it and something can be done.” He cautioned that it takes time — months and even years — to put together a solid case that stands up in court. The Cruz investigation dates back to 1999. “It can be frustrating, because when you see something, you want them busted right then and there. It takes patience,” Noseep said.

Murray said he’s been told by some of the meth addicts who cooperated with the investigation that getting arrested probably saved their lives. All are in prison, he said, and participate in what may just be the best treatment program in the country — 500 hours of a high-intensity residential program developed by the Bureau of Prisons. “Ultimately, our goal is to reach beyond Wyoming and work up the food chain to the super labs in California and Mexico,”

Noseep said. ‘A business, pure and simple’ In sentencing Jesus Martin Sagaste-Cruz to life in prison July 6, U.S. District Judge Alan B. Johnson said the following: “(This sentence) sends a strong message out to the public of the court’s abhorrence of the poison of methamphetamine that is and has been, under this conspiracy, distributed in Wyoming and elsewhere and, more particularly, targeting Fremont County, Wyoming, and the problem-plagued society on the Wind River Indian Reservation… “The sentence imposed certainly does express the government’s strong desire to inform the public and this defendant as to the danger and injuries that are caused by methamphetamine.

It is a sad thing, certainly a sad commentary upon America, that there is such an appetite for this controlled substance so as to stimulate and offer incentives to men like Martin Sagaste-Cruz to violate the laws of the United States as a business. And that’s what this was, a business, pure and simple, to distribute large quantities of methamphetamine.

“Standing before me today is not a man who is addicted to drugs or is dealing with his own personal depression or demons in his life. He is a man who is part of a business organization which exists for the purpose of bringing his poison into the United States, over the borders, from California to Utah and onto Wyoming, for consumption by those people on the reservation and others throughout the state of Wyoming who do suffer from a wide variety of ills as well as disorders in their own lives that feed upon this appetite or a part of this appetite for methamphetamine.”

The Curse On The Washington “Niggers” Football Team Continues!

Fair is fair you know. Name a practically all Black sports team using a “racial slur” with documented history of the word REDSKIN directly connected to the murderous extermination of Native Americans then don’t expect me to not call a “spade a spade”. To call this owned by a Jew…I mean KIKE…team NIGGERS fits the racial profiling used by Dan Snyder and his KKKuster fans and fellow Indian haters in the Jew, White, and Black world of sports.

Just another reminder for folks who are in mourning because their beloved Washington Niggers football team who just lost again, that THE reason for is because American Indian Spiritual Leaders prayed a curse on this professional football team. Why you ask?

Well, for most REAL American Indians, the name “redskin” is historically a racially slanderous, slurring, and offensive word and is equal to other racially offensive names identifying other races and cultures in a equally hateful, racist, and denigrating way and was used in the context of abject absolute homicidal Satanic inspired hate. Some prime examples are of course “kike”, “wetback”, “chink”, “gook”, and the infamous “nigger” word.

Of course we all know by now non-Indians gleefully and proudly ignore this historical hypocrisy as evidenced by rulings in various anti-Indian mascot court cases including the United States Supreme Court as well as in hundreds of editorials in the media by non-Indians and especially Jew…I mean KIKE publications. Even Verizon Wireless sponsors this team which should be reason enough to boycott their company, a company filled with racist (I personally experienced race hate from Blacks as a White man and Vietnam combat veteran) employees.

What also continues to be ignored in this quagmire of “racist double speak” and is important to note is that this Washington D.C. based football team is owned by a Jew…I mean KIKE Don Snyder. He has no problem with the word “redskin” and neither does the Black…I mean nigger players. But G-d forbid if any symbol, statement, or a movie etc. even hint or implies  anything slanderous or racist targeting their race. So why are Blacks and Jews so insensitive to any and all things that offend American Indians? Time for a short history course related to.

Historically speaking with Blacks, the answer might be found in the history of the Black Buffalo Soldiers who fought on behalf of the United States Government as paid “mercenaries” to protect Jewish owned railroad companies who needed their tracks protected as they were “treaty violated” placed on Tribal land. The Black Buffalo Soldiers were given the “race hating of American Indians” mission to track down and kill them for money and or to obtain their freedom as “slaves”. During this period of time, these murdering niggers were awarded 17 Medals of Honor by the United States Government for this while the breaking of treaties, the stealing of land, and the killing of American Indian men, women, and children was glorified.

Another little known historical black history factoid is that of the the 9th and 10th Coloured (Black) Calvary who were assigned to George Custers 7th Calvary and were present during the Dec. 29, 1890 cold blooded murderous massacre of 300 unarmed American Indian men, women, and children at Wounded Knee South Dakota who were Sitting Bull’s people. These same black soldiers brought to the “killing zone” the Hotchkiss guns/cannons  which were large shell rapid fire “machine guns” that shredded to pieces the bodies of these unarmed American Indian men, women, and children.

Eyewitness accounts recount the execution of women and children. “Four babies had their heads crushed in and when people surrendered, they were summarily executed. This was wholesale butchery”. Twenty members of the 7th Calvary received Medals of Honor for this act of bravery in the name of the United States Government.

After the slaughter, the spiritual forefathers of the Washington Niggers celebrated this mass murder of unarmed American Indians at Wounded Knee by writing a song that glorified the killing of the “redskins and savage chiefans”! As for how the United States Military profiled American Indians, there is this statement made by a member of who wrote…

“Every redskin must be killed from off the fact of the plains before we can be free from their molestations. They are of no earthly good and the sooner they are swept from the land the better for civilization. I do not think they can be turned aside and made good law abiding citizens any more then coyotes can be used for shepherd dogs”! (Please substitute the redskin word with NIGGER or KIKE!) Quote from Major John Vance Lauderdale, US Army surgeon attending physician at the Wounded Knee Massacre.

The truth about the Buffalo soldiers is a long time overdue. What people also don’t know is that the Buffalo Soldiers were in The Dakota’s as well. I spoke to a man from the Crow Creek Reservation. He mention that the Buffalo soldiers raped Dakota women while they were in the territory. That memory still reasonates with the Lakota people to this day. Be assured they did the same to Indian women wherever and whenever they had the opportunity to do so.

William Henry Harrison, who would later become president remarked that most frontiersmen “consider the murdering of Indians in the highest degree meritorious”. In September of 1868 the Buffalo Soldiers killed 25 Apaches and were allowed after the battle to collect scalps and souvenirs by Lieutenant Cusack. Upon their return to Fort Davis, Texas, they were observed “rigged out’ in “full Indian costume with the most fantastic head-dresses” and their “faces painted in a comical style”. How did the Buffalo Soldiers differentiate between friendly Indians and hostile? The formula was simple: “Indians who rejected reservation life were regarded as hostile”. When genocide is not condemned, it is glorified.

Other historical commentaries using the name of this professional and revered football team housed in the city  President Obama resides at include…

“Hunting redskins became for the time being a popular sport in New England, especially since prisoners were worth good money, and the personal danger to the hunters was now very slight”.From Douglas Leach, Flintlock and Tomahawk: New England in King Philps War (W.W. Norton & Co. 1958.

Here is another that is clear and concise when defining the word “redskin” in this particular historical context.

“Others say it was first used on signs at Dutch Trading Posts…most of which were owned by Indian hating Jews, that listed the “skins” they bought. Among them beaver skins – and redskins. On the Northeast coast, the U.S. Government put a bounty on American Indians’ heads. People had to prove they killed an American Indian in order to get the bounty.

How did they prove it? At first they would bring in a head but that got to cumbersome so it simply became the scalps. The prices paid for scalps were different depending on whether they were taken from a male or a female and whether they were taken from an adult or a child.

Adult females brought the most money because they could produce American Indian offspring. How did they prove the sex of the person the scalp once belonged to? For women they would cut off the breasts and present them with scalps. For children’s scalps it was often the feet that were cut off.” From the Cincinnati Zapatista Coalition, American Indian Mascot Page.

Jewish team owner Dan Snyder has this “historical” peer who personally glorified in the “scalping of redskins”.

His name was Sigmund Shlesinger, a Jewish immigrant from New York City. He gleefully participated in the genocide of American Indians as a part of the United States policy of “ethnic cleansing” on Cheyenne lands near Sheridan Kansas. He is recorded as writing…”Scalpt 3 Indians which were found 15 feet from my hole in consealt in grass…for the purpose of collecting BOUNTY”. (American Jewish Archives, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati”.) So you see…in order for this Jew to collect the money reward for killing a “redskin”, he had to present a “scalp”.

Jews like Snyder have contributed to and been directly involved in the both the destruction of American Indians and the racially profiling of them as less then human in history and through Jewlywood produced movies.  Alcohol was intentionally used by Jews to take advantage of “drunk Indians” in any and all trading transaction…whether be “furs for beads” or the “signing off” of large tracts of Ohio Valley Tribal treaty land. And who started this “tradition”? Say Jews!

The very distribution of whiskey to Indians in the 1700’s was through whiskey distilleries owned by a Jew named Nicholas Lowe to take advantage of Indians in “commerce”. The first slaves were Indians…not Blacks and they were the cargo on the ship owned by a Jew named Columbus.

Recent Jewish racism and insensitivity targeting American Indians on the part of Snyder’s fellow Jews includes a Wall Street Journal article written by a Jew named Kaplan who glorified the various military campaigns of “Indian killing” as something to be proud of.

Another example of Jewish love for American Indians is found in the words of talk show host Michael Medved who stated that there was nothing close to a “Holocaust” of Indians compared to that of Jews. He called Indian Nations “Struggling Stone Age Societies”. Nothing like cultural/racial blasphemy and outright racism, right folks? Medved also forgets to mention that using “small pox infected blankets”as germ warfare was in fact a intentional act of decimation to exterminate American Indians and was in fact aided and abetted by Jews in the fur trade who are “spiritually related to Jews just like Medved…who by the way I consider a pathological liar when it comes to his spin on history!

Suffice it to say, the “curse” prayed upon this football team by American Indian Spiritual Leaders was once again demonstrated in the obvious faltering and lacking of intelligence in play calling, player substitutions, and  timely injuries to key players and this because was spiritually orchestrated by their Creator (called Tunkasila in Lakota). They also believe this curse will continue until the name “Redskin” is recognized for it’s racially slanderous, hateful, and disrespectful meaning and application attached to their people as found in the history of this country and is finally denounced and replaced by those who should know better and are responsible for it’s use…namely the Jews and Blacks who make up the integral part of this team and who should know better given their own history.

For American Indians who have no “representative in the flesh” to speak on their behalf, they continue to have comfort in knowing their Creator is covering their back. Keep that in mind whenever you glorify your team and it’s mascot symbol, the Washington “Redskins”.

As long as you do…I will call them the “Washington Niggers” owned by a “Kike” and who no different then the NAZI’S and yes…there is a REAL Jew who in fact states there was a American Holocaust!

https://richardboydenreport.wordpress.com/2015/12/23/the-american-holocaust-versus-the-jewish-holocaust/

 

 

The American Holocaust Versus The Jewish Holocaust

The American Holocaust Versus The Jewish Holocaust

“The American Holocaust” Of Indigenous People

Dare to Compare: Americanizing the Holocaust by LILLIAN FREEBERG

“For several centuries now, men of the White and JEWISH race have everywhere destroyed the past, stupidly, blindly, and deliberately both at home and abroad. The past once destroyed never returns. The destruction of the past is perhaps the greatest of all crimes. Today the preservation of what little of it remains ought to become almost an obsession. We must put an end to the terrible uprootedness which European colonial methods always produce, even uder their least cruel aspects. We must abstain, once victory ours, from punishing the conquered enemy by uprooting him still further: seeing that it is neither possible nor desirable to exterminate him.”
Simone Weil, The Need for Roots: Prelude to a Declaration of Duties Towards Mankind
The Dynamics of Denial: Uncle Sam’s Willing Executioners

German-speaking Jewish writers have long felt comfortable expropriating images and analogies from the site of Native American identity in their literary imagination. 1 Today, a growing sentiment of sympathy for the “vanishing American” in Germany has upped the ante in the identity-appropriations game, and German-speaking Jewish writers now appropriate Native American identity in the attempt to inflect their own historiography with an added degree of moral currency on the landscape of a contemporary Germany still caught in the throes of denial concerning its own genocidal past.

In German-speaking literary circles, the examples of Else Lasker-Schüler, who stylized herself as an American Indian, and Franz Kafka’s wish to be a “Red Indian” are well known. George Tabori’s 1990 stage production of the Jewish Western Weisman und Rotgesicht wittily pitted [Jewish] white man against [partly Jewish] red man in a verbal duel in which the protagonists exchange a hilarious blow-for-blow account of injuries and insults suffered by the victimized [End Page 353] populations they represent. But the phenomenon of conflating Jewish and “Indian” identity is not unique to foreign-language publications. As Seth Wolitz points out, in his discussion of Weisman und Rotgesicht, this “tradition of spoofing Jewish-Indian interrelations . . . reaches back to a Yiddish playlet, Tsvishn Indianer.” 2 This 1895 play, “Among the Indians, or The Country Peddler,” as its translator states, “is not an anomaly, but rather a pathbreaker in a well-defined line of Jewish-American entertainment that leads to the films of Mel Brooks and others.” 3 The American leg of this lineage includes Eddie Cantor’s redface minstrelsy in Whoopie! (1930) and Woody Allen’s Zelig (1983). Fanny Brice sang herself to stardom with “I’m an Indian,” and Bernard Malamud’s The People provides a classic example of the phenomenon.

Most recently perhaps, Raphael Seligmann has gone on record stating that the Jews are “the Indians of Germany.” 4 That this statement begs the question of identifying “Uncle Sam’s willing executioners” seems, however, of minimal concern to the Jewish community in America and abroad. In fact, when the time comes to put the Shoah on the other foot and parallels are drawn between atrocities experienced by the American Indian population over a five-hundred-year period and those experienced by the Jewish population of Europe in the twelve-year reign of Nazi terror, the knowledge of self-described “Jewish Indians” recedes into the recesses of repressed memory. In a seditious reversal of national identity politics, Lucy Dawidowicz charges those who would dare to compare with “a vicious anti-Americanism.” 5 Rabbi Irving Greenberg, founder of the Holocaust Resource Center and first director of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Commission, has described the comparison of the Nazi Holocaust with other acts of genocide as “blasphemous.” 6 In The Holocaust in American Life, Jewish historian Peter Novik describes the way in which any attempt to compare is dismissed as a “felonious assault” on truth and memory. 7

In the pathological dynamic of genocidal histories, the perpetrator culture invariably turns its gaze to the horrors registered in the archives and accounts of the “other guys.” 8 This is why Holocaust studies in the United States focus almost exclusively on the atrocity of Auschwitz, not of Wounded Knee or Sand Creek. Norman Finkelstein, in his discussion of the way images of the Holocaust have been manufactured to reap moral and economic benefits for members of the Jewish elite, states that the presence of the Holocaust Museum in Washington is “particularly incongruous in the absence of a museum commemorating crimes in the course of American history” and makes specific reference to the slave trade and genocide against the American Indians. 9 Peter Novik suggests that the Holocaust has become a sort of “civil religion” for American Jews who have lost touch with their own ethnic and religious identity, and asserts that “in the United States the Holocaust is explicitly used for the purpose of national self-congratulation: the Americanization of the Holocaust [End Page 354] has involved using it to demonstrate the difference between the Old World and the New, and to celebrate, by showing its negation, the American way of life.” 10

The Historikerstreit or “Historians’ Debate” in Germany during the mid-1980s disrupted the traditional historiographical narrative, which placed three groups of actors at the scene of the Nazi crime–perpetrators, bystanders, and victims. Saul Friedländer summarizes the controversy as “a debate about the shape of the past in terms of public memory and national identity.” 11 Conservative historians, in their efforts to “historicize” the Nazi period and thus suture the wound of discontinuity presented by a “past that refused to go away,” attempted to relativize the crimes of the Nazi period by situating them in the context of a narrative that included an amalgamated fourth character in the plot: the Soviet and American forces who forced Germans into a victim position from which only further victimization could ensue. These abnegationist attempts at historical revision were staunchly contested by left-wing social philosopher Jürgen Habermas in a series of essays that have since been collected and published in German and in English. 12

The Historians’ Debate directed international attention to the issue of historical liability as it relates to public memory and national identity in territories known to have been host to genocidal campaigns. However, what got lost in translation when the debate migrated to America was the very real opportunity this controversy might have presented for an authentic “working through” or “mastery” of this country’s traumatic genocidal past. Instead, the dispute conveniently constructed a site of transference upon which the melancholic drama of “manifest manners” could be acted out. 13 American intellectuals, confronted with the quandary of whether to see or not to see, chose to look the other way. George Tabori, in “Hamlet in Blue,” provides an apt metaphor for this dynamic of denial: “the old Hamletian ploy of dodging action by mind-fucking.” 14 As Henryk Broder points out in “Die Germanisierung des Holocaust,” today one speaks of the “Americanization of the Holocaust” as though the Jews were slaughtered on American soil. 15 This, in turn, cultivates fertile breeding ground for absolutionist scholarship and public discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. In the end, only the interests of the respective aggressor cultures are served.

The same kinds of arguments attempting to “historicize” America’s past in the interest of “normalizing” its present from the perspective of the perpetrator population do not unleash the same scandalous international controversy as do similar efforts on the part of historians negotiating a revision of German history. The genocide against the Jews is considered an ugly chapter in Germany’s past and acknowledged internationally as one of the gravest crimes against humanity in the twentieth century. But while the whole fabric of German culture remains “under the shadow of Hitler,” the genocide against indigenous [End Page 355] populations in North America is still today denied or dismissed as the inevitable prelude to the rise of the greatest nation on Earth.

Reactionary historian James Axtell, in his 1992 study, Beyond 1492: Encounters in Colonial North America, writes:
We make a hash of our historical judgments because we continue to feel guilty about the real or imagined sins of our fathers and forefathers . . . [We] can stop flogging ourselves with our “imperialistic” origins and tarring ourselves with the broad brush of “genocide.” As a huge nation of law and order and increasingly refined sensibility, we are not guilty of murdering Indian women and babies, of branding slaves on the forehead, or of claiming any real estate in the world we happen to fancy. 16

Statements like this, when proffered in defense of Germany’s genocidal history, elicit vehement opposition from the academic and intellectual community, yet, with regard to America’s tragic past, go virtually unchallenged and are integrated into the canon of acceptable discourse.

As the success of Daniel Jonah Goldhagen’s indictment of the German people in Hitler’s Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust illustrates, public flogging of the German people for their willing participation in the melee represents an acceptable and indeed lucrative form of public and academic discourse. The 1996 publication of Goldhagen’s Ph.D. dissertation thrust the previously little-known Harvard professor into the international limelight. His thesis, that widespread “eliminationist anti-Semitism” among the ordinary men and women of Germany, not the ruthless racial policies of the Nazi regime, was the sole cause of the extermination of the Jews, has been contested by Holocaust scholars and historians the world over. But the book, translated into thirteen languages, became an international bestseller and secured for Goldhagen the prestigious German Democracy Prize in 1997. It also unleashed an international debate that has been dubbed “The Goldhagen Wars,” not to mention a series of highly paid speaking engagements for its author throughout the world. Goldhagen’s staunchest opponent has been Norman Finkelstein, the Jewish scholar whose rebuttal of “the Goldhagen thesis” first appeared in The New Left Review (July/August 1997) under the title “Daniel Goldhagen’s ‘Crazy’ Thesis.” 17 In a statement printed by the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette on 21 April 1998, Goldhagen proudly asserts: “My book has sold more copies in Germany than anywhere else. It’s been embraced by the German people.” It is interesting to note, in this context, that Native American scholar Ward Churchill’s stellar and seminal piece of scholarship on Holocaust and denial in the Americas, A Little Matter of Genocide, did not meet with the same degree of public success. [End Page 356]

Taking the American people to task in the little matter of genocide against indigenous populations of North America remains a terrible taboo registered in the “Don’t you Dare” category of “Academic Do’s and Don’ts.” Like any taboo, this act of transgression does not derive from a vacuum but rather emanates from a specific social consciousness–or lack thereof. As journalist William Greider notes in One World, Ready or Not: The Manic Logic of Global Capitalism:

German social consciousness was anchored in the country’s tragic knowledge of guilt and defeat, a humbling encounter with self-doubt that Americans have so far evaded in their national history. . . . American history did provide ample basis for humility and social introspection: slavery and the enduring wounds of race, “winning” the West by armed conquest, Hiroshima and the nuclear potential for mass destruction, the bloody failure of the neocolonialist war in Vietnam. . . . The social meaning of these experiences was usually deflected, however, and repackaged by the optimistic American culture as stories of triumph. . . . Thus, Americans generally managed to evade any national sense of guilt or defeat. Critical reflection on the national character was discouraged, ridiculed as “un-American.” 18

Dominick LaCapra has established a clear relationship between the implications of the Historians’ Debate for American scholars and objections raised by German scholars on the left-wing side of the skirmish. He states that liberal historians may have had strategic as well as more deep-seated philosophical reasons for not placing too much emphasis on the ambivalence of Western traditions and the possibly dubious role of a critique of revisionism in lessening awareness of the implication of other Western countries in massively destructive or even genocidal processes. Given the history of the United States, this danger is clear and present for an American, and identification with Habermas’s position may be facilitated by the narcissistic and self-justificatory gains it brings. 19

But even before the Historians’ Debate, the relative singularity of the Nazi Holocaust had long been the center of international debate. Uniqueness proponents such as Deborah Lipstadt, Steven Katz, Saul Friedländer, Michael Marrus, Yehuda Bauer, Lucy Dawidowicz, and others share an insistence on the exclusivity of the Nazi Holocaust as an unparalleled event in the history of the twentieth century. This view has been challenged by survivors and scholars, among them a number of Jewish intellectuals such as Hannah Arendt, Irving Louis Horowitz, Israel Charny, Helen Fein, Simon Wiesenthal, Norman Finkelstein, Peter Novik, and others. Increasingly, Native American scholars and their allies have entered the conversation, pointing out that the historical [End Page 357] archive of the American Holocaust has been compiled, collated, and indeed constructed to a large degree by perpetrators, their descendants, and beneficiaries writing from a subject position inflected with a vested interest in maintaining the illusion of innocence concerning the “facts of the case.”

The exclusivists’ most compelling argument against the comparability of the two acts of genocide has been that the decimation of the American Indian population, unlike the extermination of the Jews, was unintentional–“caused by microbes, not militia . . . that is, this depopulation happened unwittingly rather than by design.” 20 Preeminent uniqueness proponent Steven Katz, in The Holocaust in Historical Context, while documenting the fact that the American Holocaust far exceeded the Nazi Holocaust in scope, at the same time reduces the American travesty to a mere case of “depopulation.” 21

These conclusions are drawn from comparisons not of a simple corpse count but rather of the rate of extermination experienced by each group. Recent studies demonstrate that precontact population estimates generated by historians and demographers from the subject position of the perpetrators have been egregiously low. It is today commonly assumed that precontact populations were far and above the one-million figure that has acted as a standard of measure for centuries. More recent and more honest studies estimate the precontact civilization to have been between nine and eighteen million. This standard of measure puts the rate of attrition of indigenous populations at between 98 and 99 percent–that is, near total extermination. The rate of attrition of Jewish populations in Europe is commonly calculated at between 60 and 65 percent. Put in terms of survival rates, this means that two-thirds of the global Jewish population and about one third of the European Jewish population survived the Nazi Holocaust, whereas a mere remnant population of 1 to 2 percent survived the American Holocaust. This seriously calls into question any notion of “unparalleled” or “total extermination” of the Jews in the Nazi Holocaust.

Katz argues that the Nazi Holocaust is “phenomenologically” unique based on the “merciless, exceptionless, biocentric intentionality of Hitler’s ‘war against the Jews.’” 22 Katz’s argument centers on documented intentionality and governmental policy in the Nazi period. What Katz does not take into account is that a twelve-year period in a twentieth-century industrialized society lends itself more readily to documentation than a five-hundred-year period, most of which is historically and geographically situated in the midst of a pre-industrial “virgin wasteland,” nor does he significantly engage the discourse generated by Native American scholars in recent years. It does not, however, take a paragon of intellectual prowess to deduce an implied intent to “destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group,” from the events that transpired in the process of “depopulating” the New World–a slaughter that Katz patently refuses to define as “genocide” even though it conforms precisely to [End Page 358] the definition of the phenomenon as outlined by Raphael Lemkin, who coined the term in his 1944 Axis Rule in Occupied Europe. 23 The murder of 96 percent of any given population does not occur “inadvertently,” especially when members of that group are viewed by their assassins as belonging to a separate (and inferior) national, ethnic, racial and religious order.

Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that the introduction of diseases to the Native populations of North America was anything but an incidental by-product of “westward expansion.” In what is likely the world’s first documented case of genocide accomplished by bacterial means, Lord Jeffrey Amherst suggested that smallpox-infected blankets be distributed to the Ottawa and Lenape peoples, stating in a 1763 letter to his subordinate, Colonel Henry Bouquet, “You will do well to [infect] the Indians by means of blankets as well as to try every other method that can serve to extirpate this [execrable] race.” 24

This statement indicates that the annihilation of the Indian population by way of disease was neither arbitrary nor incidental to the aims of the European settler population and its government. Even as early as 1763, the settler population and its sovereign representatives acted in full cognizance of the impact their introduction of disease would have on the Native populations. Stannard points out, with regard to the “enemy microbe” argument, that by focusing almost entirely on disease, by displacing responsibility for the mass killing onto an army of invading microbes, contemporary authors increasingly have created the impression that the eradication of those tens of millions of people was inadvertent–a sad, but both inevitable and “unintended consequence” of human migration and progress. This is a modern version of what Alexander Saxton recently has described as the “soft side of anti-Indian racism” that emerged in America in the nineteenth century and that incorporated “expressions of regret over the fate of the Indians into narratives that traced the inevitability of their extinction. Ideologically,” Saxton adds, “the effect was to exonerate individuals, parties, nations, of any moral blame for what history had decreed.” In fact, however, the near-total destruction of the Western Hemisphere’s Native people was neither inadvertent nor inevitable. 25

Survivor testimony and statistical records from the Nazi death camps reveal that the uncontrolled spread of disease among inmates was also a major factor contributing to the death toll during the Nazi Holocaust, but that argument has never been forwarded in favor of exonerating the perpetrators–at least not in serious scholarship on the subject.

If, as Yehuda Bauer contends, “[t]here was no governmental intention to exterminate the victim population” in the Americas, how else are we to understand the now well-known statement attributed to General Philip Henry Sheridan at [End Page 359] Fort Cobb in January of 1889: “The only good Indian is a dead Indian?” 26 While Bauer concedes that “important figures in the U.S. administration expressed genocidal hopes and intentions,” he still insists that “there was no clear governmental policy of total murder.” 27 It would seem redundant, in this context, to point to the innumerable studies that have been conducted since 1945 in the attempt to ascertain whether or not Adolf Hitler himself had issued the order for the Final Solution.

The introduction of diseases to indigenous populations was accompanied by a systematic destruction of “the indigenous agricultural base [in order to] impose starvation conditions upon entire peoples, dramatically lowering their resistance to disease and increasing their susceptibility to epidemics.” 28 What is more, the ideology of Manifest Destiny is itself founded on an implied intent to kill–it is the “central constituent ideology translated into action” that Bauer posits as the defining characteristic that sets the Nazi Holocaust apart from all other genocidal campaigns in the history of humanity.

Fortunately, pseudo-scholarly revisionists who would deny the Nazi atrocities have been properly (and legally) excluded from legitimate academic and public discourse in many countries–Germany, Austria, France and Canada among them. But, As Ward Churchill has argued in A Little Matter of Genocide: Holocaust and Denial in the Americas 1492–Present: “the ugly enterprise of Holocaust denial has a flip side–indeed, a mirror image–which is equally objectionable but which has been anything but marginalized by the academy, popular media, or the public at large.” 29 According to Churchill, exclusivists insisting on the uniqueness of the Nazi Holocaust succeed in “outstripping the neo-nazis” in terms of denial:

Whereas the latter content themselves with denying the authenticity of a single genocidal process, exclusivists deny, categorically and out of hand, the validity of myriad genocides. Yet, unlike the neonazis, those holding to the postulates of Jewish exclusivism are not only treated as being academically credible, but are accorded a distinctly preferential treatment among the arbiters of scholarly integrity. 30

Manifest Destiny: My Brothers’ Killer

Cogent arguments have been made to suggest that the same notion of creating space for the “master race” is as germane to the ideological framework of Hitler’s Lebensraumpolitik as it is to the U.S. government’s doctrine of Manifest Destiny: In each instance, the extermination of “inferior races” is justified in the interest of making way for a “superior race” of peoples. 31 According to [End Page 360] Hitler biographer John Toland, the Führer is known to have “expressed admiration for the ‘efficiency’ of the American genocide campaign against the Indians, viewing it as a forerunner for his own plans and programs.” 32 Even Steven Katz concedes that the “depopulation of the New World” was a “salient precursor” to the Nazi Holocaust. 33 Thus, the American Holocaust might be viewed as the prototype for the extermination of the Jews in Europe. At the very least, the event must be seen as a predecessor to the Nazi Holocaust.

While Hitler’s policy of Lebensraumpolitik has been vilified and condemned for the toll it took in terms of human lives–even in the Historians’ Debate, the essential criminality and moral reprehensibility of the Nazi regime was not challenged–heroes are made of men in America whose words were inspired by the same kind of thinking and whose actions resulted in the murder of millions of human beings considered to be members of “inferior” civilizations. Theodore Roosevelt, in The Strenuous Life, writes, in 1901:

Of course our whole national history has been one of expansion . . . That the barbarians recede or are conquered, with the attendant fact that peace follows their retrogression or conquest is due solely to the power of the mighty civilized races which have not lost the fighting instinct, and which by their expansion are gradually bringing peace to the red wastes where the barbarian peoples of this world hold sway. 34

Hannah Arendt, in the Origins of Totalitarianism, identifies metaphysical Jew-hatred as one element in the “subterranean stream of Western history” that subsequently translated into the political anti-Semitic consciousness in Europe and constituted the defining principle of Hitler’s Nazi regime. 35 Similarly, Richard Drinnon argues that the “national metaphysics of Indian-hating was central to the formation of national identity and political policy in the United States.” 36

The crucial issue at stake here is that, according to Drinnon’s analysis, this national metaphysics of Indian-hating rested on the “collective refusal to conceive of Native Americans as persons.” 37 Had the people of Europe–Jews and Gentiles alike–recognized these “barbarians” to be human entities and embraced them as siblings in the “family of man,” they might well have foreseen the fate that would befall civilized populations in Europe just a few short years later because, as Richard Drinnon points out in Facing West: The Metaphysics of Indian-Hating and Empire Building:

The sober truth was that the white man’s burden of Winning the West was crushing global folly. The West was quite literally nowhere–or everywhere, which was to say the same thing. For Homer’s Greeks and North American tribal peoples alike, the West was the land beyond, Spiritland, the land of [End Page 361] mystery, of death and of life eternal. It was not a Dark and bloody Ground to be “won.” But for Anglo-Americans it was exactly that, the latest conquest. Yet how could they conclusively “win” it? If the West was at bottom a form of society [as James Turner contended in “The Problem of the West”] then on our round earth, Winning the West amounted to no less than winning the world. It could be finally and decisively “won” only by rationalizing (Americanizing, Westernizing, modernizing) the world, and that meant conquering the land beyond, banishing mystery, and negating or extirpating other peoples, so the world would be subject to the regimented reason of one settlement culture with its professedly self-evident middle-class values. 38

Hitler’s Lebensraumpolitik was not without precedent or parallel. Four centuries after Columbus, the ideology of a master race had firmly established itself on American soil. A “color line” had been drawn, and it was clear that, in the national consciousness as in public policy, “Native Americans were natives and not Americans . . . the irreducible prerequisite of being an American, was to be of European stock.” 39 The color line drawn between the

Children of Light, the light of the Gospel, of Enlightenment institutions, law and order, progress, philanthropy, freedom, Americanization, modernization, forced urbanization . . . and the Children of Darkness, “savages” who stood in the way of the redemption and the rationalization of the world . . . unmistakably shaped national patterns of violence by establishing whom one could kill under propitious circumstances and thereby represented a prime source of the American way of inflicting death. 40

The hidden narratives of the master race and Manifest Destiny governing our understanding of American history distort perceptions of our own historiography. The ideology of Manifest Destiny–the fantasy and the fancy of the master race–is transferred from one generation to another so that there is no need for the kind of propaganda machinery required to make “willing executioners” of “ordinary men” and women in Germany. Americans, in their drive to forge “one Nation under God,” fought with “God on their side.” 41 Stannard, in this regard, explains that the Eurocentric racial contempt for the indigenous peoples . . . reflected in scholarly writings of this sort is now so complete and second nature to most Americans that it has passed into popular lore and common knowledge of the “every schoolboy knows” variety. No intent to distort the truth is any longer necessary. All that is required, once the model is established, is the recitation of rote learning as it passes from one uncritical generation to the next. 42 [End Page 362]

Giorgio Agamben has argued against the use of the term Holocaust as a descriptor for the Nazi extermination of the Jews because “Jews were exterminated not in a mad and giant holocaust but exactly as Hitler had announced, ‘as lice,’ which is to say as bare life.” 43 The notorious California Indian-killer H. L. Hall justified the murder of Native infants based on the argument that “a nit would make a louse.” John Chivington, commanding colonel in the infamous Sand Creek Massacre, reformulated the sentiment to justify similar actions with the statement “Nits make lice.” 44 Perplexing in this context is that Hitler’s perception of the Jews as “life unworthy of living,” that is, as “lice” or “bare life,” is received with moral outrage in the scholarly community and in public consciousness in the U.S. and elsewhere. But when Indians are placed on the same level of the “evolutionary scale” and assigned the same status in the biopolitical order, it becomes a justifiable sacrifice made in the name of “progress.”

Hitler’s willing executioners and the ordinary men and women of Germany had to be convinced that the Jewish population was not human; they had, after all, for centuries prior, lived and worked side by side with these people who were systematically exterminated as “like lice.”

Before the Final Solution could be implemented, the Jewish population of Europe had to be reduced to the level of “bare life.” But for the American settlers, the notion that the life form to be clear-cut from the vast, “unpopulated” wilderness in order to make way for their American way of life was somehow not human ranked among those truths held to be self-evident; the “execrable race” of red men and women was viewed from the very onset as existing at the level of “bare life.”

And yet, from a perspective that acknowledges the essential humanity of indigenous populations and the sophistication of the established forms of social organization, governance, and religious ritual prevailing among the indigenous populations at the time of contact, it becomes clear that, while the Nazi Holocaust was indeed unique in scope and in kind to the twentieth century, the American Holocaust was, as Stannard has stated, “far and away, the most massive act of genocide in the history of the world.” 45

Fortunately, Hitler was stopped before he could consummate the Final Solution. But some contend that Uncle Sam’s willing executioners are still today engaged in the effort to eradicate what remains of the indigenous population in North America. For others, the loss of Native lives and lifeways cannot be acknowledged as homicidal, genocidal, or suicidal because the “savage” is not–however ostentatiously liberal-minded individuals and institutions in this country may contend otherwise–considered fully human: “we” are not related. While a revisionist narrative of the West would attempt to suffuse its world-view with a politically correct moral underpinning by making superficial [End Page 363] linguistic concessions, no longer applying such terms as “savage” and “primitive” to indigenous peoples, contemporary scholarship still draws its insights and impulses from the same body of research and the same doctrine of universal superiority it now seeks to disavow and revile. The appearance of euphemisms such as “ethnocide” and “depopulation” applied to the genocide committed against Native populations is just one index of the continued resistance to the notion that this devastation involves a human tragedy.

Nominally, indigenous peoples have been grudgingly adopted into the “family of man” in the prevailing paradigms of Western thought. Phenomenologically, they are still today perceived not as human others, but in fact as a separate (and inferior) “species.” Depending on one’s interpretation of the Latin siluaticus (of the wood; belonging to a wood), from which the term “savage” is derived, one might suspect that, in the Western biopolitical order, the “savage life” acquires the status of one less than bare life or Homo sacer. If that is the case, then what occurred in this country must be viewed as a gigantic bonfire in which neither mice, lice, nor men, women or children were sacrificed and burned for the sake of clear-cutting a space for the master race–what was sacrificed here were merely logs. Driftwood. Dead weight. Useless waste. In the world of the uniqueness proponents, the “depopulation” of the New World is on a par with “deforestation.”

What is perhaps “unique” about the Nazi Holocaust is that it represents the first incidence in history of genocidal assault directed at an assimilated, “civilized” (and therefore human) population in central Europe. 46 Katz refers to the phenomenon as one of “Judeocide.” It might, however, more accurately be termed fratricide–brothers killing brothers–squabbling sons of the same God in a serial rerun of Cain and Abel. This is not to imply that fratricide is any less grievous a crime against humanity than genocide, merely to clarify the relationship of spiritual kinship existing between perpetrators and victims in the Nazi Holocaust and the way this works to influence our perception of the event’s primacy. It could in fact be argued that fratricide is indeed the more heinous crime since it involves the extermination of life that is clearly defined as “human” in the Judeo-Christian paradigm. Brothers killing brothers is classified as a mortal sin by the religious doctrines governing moral standards in both religions, but brothers killing savages is apparently sanctioned by the moral dictates of both these dominant world religions. If the ideology of Manifest Destiny is, on the other hand, subsumed under the mandate to “be fruitful and multiply,” then the extermination of indigenous populations is indeed ordained by the supreme deity common to the Christian and the Judaic faiths. From this perspective, mass murder is the implied mandate of Manifest Destiny.

Churchill speaks in terms of the need for a “denazification . . . a fundamental alteration in the consciousness of this country.” 47 I would suggest that “de-manifestation” [End Page 364] is a more apt designation for the paradigmatic shift requisite for decentering the hegemonistic reign of the “master narratives” of Manifest Destiny and the master race that govern our understanding of history as it relates to national identity in the United States. Thinking in terms of “de-manifestation” has the advantage of disaggregating the specific modalities of similar, but not identical, historical phenomena and of dislocating–geographically and intellectually–the source of the “problem” from the site of European history to that of American history. What follows is an attendant shift in temporal focus that allows us to properly place the postulates of Manifest Destiny and the master race in historically correct chronological order with relation to the subsequent emergence of theories of Lebensraumpolitik and the assumed superiority of the Aryan race on the European continent. Whereas “de-nazification” clearly connotes a “thing of the past,” “de-manifestation” implies a present, “manifest” reality. From this vantage point, the German Sonderweg is rerouted and an already trammeled trail of rampant plundering, pillage, and mass murder is revealed to have been blazed in the forward wake of the historical caesura that the Nazi Holocaust represents.

Holocaust in Contemporary Context: Collective Suicide

Most importantly, perhaps, what distinguishes the American Holocaust from the Nazi Holocaust is what is at stake today. The Nazi Holocaust represents a historical event that threatened the entire Jewish population of Europe. Relegating this event to the archive of oblivion would involve a fatal miscalculation resulting in wholesale moral bankruptcy for the entire Western world. But the worldwide Jewish population can hardly be said to be at risk of extermination today–certainly not in the United States. American Jews stepped up their efforts to direct attention to the Nazi Holocaust at a time when they were by far the wealthiest, best-educated, most influential, in-every-way-most-successful group in American society–a group that, compared to most other identifiable minority groups, suffered no measurable discrimination and no disadvantages on account of that minority status. 48

Norman Finkelstein cites the Jewish income in the United States at double that of non-Jews and points out that sixteen of the forty wealthiest Americans are Jews, as are 40 percent of Nobel prizewinners in science and economics, 20 percent of professors at major universities and 40 percent of partners in law firms in New York and Washington. 49

Native Americans, by contrast, have long been subject to the most extreme poverty of any sector in the present North American population, and still have the highest rate of suicide of any other ethnic group on the continent. 50 High-school [End Page 365] dropout rates are as high as 70 percent in some communities. As Anishinabeg activist and Harvard-educated scholar Winona LaDuke notes with regard to the Lakota population in South Dakota: “Alcoholism, unemployment, suicide, accidental death and homicide rates are still well above the national average.” 51 Alcoholism, intergenerational posttraumatic stress, and a spate of social and economic ills continue to plague these communities in the aftermath of the American Holocaust.

As Peter Novik has made abundantly clear in his study of the way the Holocaust functions as a sort of “civil religion” and signifier of identity for American Jews, much of the commemoration rhetoric and practice propagated in this country centers on maintaining a consensual symbol of unity for American Jews who thus experience the Holocaust “vicariously.” As Novik states, while most American Jews (and Gentiles) may be saddened, dismayed, or shocked by the Nazi Holocaust, there is little evidence to suggest that they have actually been traumatized by it. 52

The Americanization of the Holocaust, according to Novik’s analysis, serves a symbolic function for American Jews, ascribing victim status to a community that demonstrates little sign of actual victimization in a culture where the victim is victor. Norman Finkelstein, the vociferous Goldhagen critic who lost most of his family in the death camps and ghettoes of Nazi-occupied Europe, has expressed similar views. His forthcoming publication asserts that the “Holocaust industry” was born with the Six-Day War in June of 1967. Before that, there was little mention of the Holocaust in American life. He argues that the development of the “Holocaust industry” in the United States is part of a strategic campaign to justify American political interests in Israel. 53

This is not to deny or diminish the clear and present danger in the ominous resurgence of anti-Semitic sentiments reflected in isolated incidences of racial violence against Jews and Jewish institutions both here and abroad. However, the material realities confronting the Native American population remain, in many instances, comparable to those prevailing in Third World countries. The Native American experience of persecution is not a vicarious one. For substantial portions of this population, it is a lived reality.

What is more, an unrelenting sentiment of Indian-hating persists in this country:

There is a peculiar kind of hatred in the northwoods, a hatred born of the guilt of privilege, a hatred born of living with three generations of complicity in the theft of lives and lands. What is worse is that each day, those who hold this position of privilege must come face to face with those whom they have dispossessed. To others who rightfully should share in the complicity and the guilt, Indians are far away and long ago. But in reservation border towns, Indians [End Page 366] are ever present. . . . The poverty of dispossession is almost overwhelming. So is the poverty of complicity and guilt. In America, poverty is relative, but it still causes shame. That shame, combined with guilt and a feeling of powerlessness, creates an atmosphere in which hatred buds, blossoms, and flourishes. The hatred passes from father to son and from mother to daughter. Each generation feels the hatred and it penetrates deeper to justify a myth. 54

Attempts on the part of American Indians to transcend chronic, intergenerational maladies introduced by the settler population (for example, in the highly contested Casino industry, in the ongoing battles over tribal sovereignty, and so on) are challenged tooth and nail by the U.S. government and its “ordinary” people. Flexibility in transcending these conditions has been greatly curtailed by federal policies that have “legally” supplanted our traditional forms of governance, outlawed our languages and spirituality, manipulated our numbers and identity, usurped our cultural integrity, viciously repressed the leaders of our efforts to regain self-determination, and systematically miseducated the bulk of our youth to believe that this is, if not just, at least inevitable.” 55 Today’s state of affairs in America, both with regard to public memory and national identity, represents a flawless mirror image of the situation in Germany vis-à-vis Jews and other non-Aryan victims of the Nazi regime. 56

Collective indifference to these conditions on the part of both white and black America is a poor reflection on the nation’s character. This collective refusal to acknowledge the genocide further exacerbates the aftermath in Native communities and hinders the recovery process. This, too, sets the American situation apart from the German-Jewish situation: Holocaust denial is seen by most of the world as an affront to the victims of the Nazi regime. In America, the situation is the reverse: victims seeking recovery are seen as assaulting American ideals.

But what is at stake today, at the dawn of a new millennium, is not the culture, tradition, and survival of one population on one continent on either side of the Atlantic. What is at stake is the very future of the human species. LaDuke, in her most recent work, contextualizes the issues from a contemporary perspective:

Our experience of survival and resistance is shared with many others. But it is not only about Native people. . . . In the final analysis, the survival of Native America is fundamentally about the collective survival of all human beings. The question of who gets to determine the destiny of the land, and of the people who live on it–those with the money or those who pray on the land–is a question that is alive throughout society. 57 [End Page 367]

“There is,” as LaDuke reminds us, “a direct relationship between the loss of cultural diversity and the loss of biodiversity. Wherever Indigenous peoples still remain, there is also a corresponding enclave of biodiversity.” 58 But, she continues,

The last 150 years have seen a great holocaust. There have been more species lost in the past 150 years than since the Ice Age. (During the same time, Indigenous peoples have been disappearing from the face of the earth. Over 2,000 nations of Indigenous peoples have gone extinct in the western hemisphere and one nation disappears from the Amazon rainforest every year.) 59

It is not about “us” as indigenous peoples–it is about “us” as a human species. We are all related. At issue is no longer the “Jewish question” or the “Indian problem.” We must speak today in terms of the “human problem.” And it is this “problem” for which not a “final,” but a sustainable, viable solution must be found–because it is no longer a matter of “serial genocide,” it has become one of collective suicide. As Terrence Des Pres put it, in The Survivor: “At the heart of our problems is that nihilism which was all along the destiny of Western culture: a nihilism either unacknowledged even as the bombs fell or else, as with Hitler or Stalin, demonically proclaimed as the new salvation.” 60

All of us must now begin thinking and acting in the dimension and in the interest of the human species–an intellectual domain of vita activa that indigenous people have inhabited since time immemorial. It is this modality of thought as a process of reflection that the “civilized” nations must learn from the “savage” ones. Vine Deloria, in “Native American Spirituality,” has attempted to clarify this distinction:

American Indians look backwards in time to the creation of the world and view reality from the perspective of the one species that has the capability to reflect on the meaning of things. This attitude is generally misunderstood by non-Indians who act as if reflection and logical thought were synonymous. But reflection is a special art and requires maturity of personality, certainty of identity, and feelings of equality with the other life forms of the world. It consists, more precisely, of allowing wisdom to approach rather than seeking answers to self-generated questions. Such an attitude, then, stands in a polarized position to the manner in which society today conducts itself. 61

It is not a matter of moral bookkeeping or of winners and losers in the battle of the most martyred minority. It is not a matter of comparative victimology, but one of collective survival. The insistence on incomparability and “uniqueness” of the Nazi Holocaust is precisely what prohibits our collective comprehension of genocide as a phenomenon of Western “civilization,” not as a reiterative series of historical events, each in its own way “unique.” It is what [End Page 368] inhibits our ability to name causes, anticipate outcomes, and, above all to engage in preemptive political and intellectual action in the face of contemporary exigencies.

In Tabori’s 1990 production Weisman and Rotgesicht, the “calculus of calamity” is taken to hilarious heights to reveal the grave truth of the matter. In his 1994 discussion of “The Contemporary German Fascination for Things Jewish,” Jack Zipes states of Weisman und Rotgesicht:

The resolution that Tabori offers, though hilarious, is meant to be taken seriously: a verbal duel so that both sides can expose themselves and realize how ridiculous it is to quarrel with one another. Hilarity becomes a nomadic means of questioning majority culture and of reversing identities so that understanding between different groups can be generated. 62

Ultimately, fostering a “solidarity of memory” that might fundamentally challenge majority culture must be the aim of any comparison of “minority” situations, but the conclusion Zipes draws from this particular conflation of identities in conflict is flawed by a misapprehension of the play’s historically and culturally specific geographic setting in the Western wilderness and its relationship to indigenous peoples. As I have argued elsewhere, while Tabori does not specify the site of the duel in the desert, the play could be interpreted to be set in what is now the state of Colorado. 63 This is the site of the Sand Creek Massacre–a historical event with culturally specific meaning to the Native American people. It is at once a site of sanctity, of sacrifice, and of sacrilege. It represents the rampant desecration that has devastated an entire civilization and its way of life. But according to Jack Zipes’s analysis: “There are many parallels that one can draw with the conflict in this play: Jews and blacks in the States, or blacks and Koreans; Jews and Turks in Germany; Jews and Arabs in the Middle East.” 64 Clearly, other subaltern Others share similar relationships to other, more distant desert lands and wilderness landscapes, but Zipes’s analogies are flawed on several counts.

In the case of the conflicts between the first two groups cited, the element of violent conquest and the dispossession of lands at the heart of the American Indian-European immigrant “dispute” is absent: Jews and blacks, like Jews and Koreans, are engaged in a struggle for cultural, racial, economic, and social equity in territories to which they have been introduced as Others–either as slaves, immigrants, or refugees. In the German-Turkish situation, the “minority” group is the “alien element” or, as the German euphemism would have it, “guest workers.” None of these struggles involves legal agreements between sovereign nations–that is to say treaties between sovereign political entities–the terms of which have not been upheld by an outlaw state whose legitimacy as a “world power” is nevertheless recognized by the international community [End Page 369] .

As Seth Wolitz has stated in this regard, “the text can also be read allegorically as a version of the Israeli-Palestinian encounter between two subalterns squabbling over land which the ‘Gewittergoi’, the imperialist powers, can always regain and control.” 65 The problem with this allegory, though, is that the North American territories that function as the setting and backdrop for the territories at issue in the Indian-immigrant conflict have yet to be manumitted from colonialist bondage. The lands remain in control of the “imperialist power.”

Precisely this is central to understanding the double-edged ironies and conflicts addressed in Weisman und Rotgesicht. The setting involves a geographical site that is readily associated with the actual site of a massacre and, as such, the site itself is ambiguous: it signifies both a site of (ongoing) sanctity and one of (ongoing) desecration. If the parallel is to be drawn between the Jewish and American Indian subaltern situations, the course of history as well as the present state of affairs must be taken into account: the fact is that Hitler lost the war and the State of Israel was formed as partial reparation for the losses sustained by the Jewish population as a result. However, the United States government, even as it sought to help absorb the losses sustained by the Jewish population in Europe not only through its support of Israel, but by offering refuge to Jewish immigrants in territories seized from the indigenous populations, won its war against the Indians. 66 The crucial difference between a regime whose demise was rooted in genocide and one for whom genocide was its foundational principle and the prerequisite to its existence is elided by this analogy.

Moreover, at the level of sheer abstraction, the solidarity between subaltern groups that the Jewish-American tradition of “spoofing” Jewish-Indian relations seeks to evoke is marred by its unilateral initiative–emanating from the Jewish perspective in the context of a Judeo-Christian framework that demonstrates little regard for or knowledge of the cultural and religious world-views of Native Americans, either as a collective entity or as heterogeneous individual nations–each with its own relationship to specific geographic sites within the boundaries of occupied territories now defined as the United States.

The land, “the Wilderness” or “the Desert” which has come to signify a “wasteland” in the symbolic and spiritual orders of other peoples, has never been associated with anything but abundance and eternal sustenance for indigenous peoples because revelation is rooted in the life of reflection on and with the land, not in catastrophic upheaval or divine intervention. Vine Deloria explains the “problem” of misconstrued understandings of this relationship in this way:

Almost every tribal religion was based on land. . . . Some of the old chiefs felt that, because generations of their ancestors had been buried on the lands and because the sacred events of their religion had taken place on the lands, they [End Page 370] were obligated to maintain the tribal lands against new kinds of exploitation. . . . Especially among the Pueblos, Hopi, and Navajo, the lands of the creation and emergence traditions are easily identified and are regarded as places of utmost significance. . . . Government officials have ruthlessly disregarded the Indians’ pleas for the restoration of their most sacred lands, and the constant dispute between Indians and whites centers around this subject. 67

If anything sets the American Indian apart from other victims of genocide or oppression in this country, it is this:

Native Americans are not, in the strictest sense of the word, a “diasporic” people. 68 While the policies of Indian Removal certainly served to disperse, displace, disparage, and dislocate Native cultures and identities from coast to coast, imposing upon Native North American peoples conditions of existence that might be described as “diasporic” in a Judeo-Christian or postcolonialist context, I would caution against the appropriation of the diasporic metaphor with regard to the state of Native North America. The traditional Deuteronomic narrative of the Diaspora implies divine punishment in response to a breach of covenant. In order for a “diasporic” situation to prevail, the peoples of the diaspora must have entered into a contract with the divinely intervening deity. But indigenous peoples of this country stood in no such relationship to the Judeo-Christian God and his sovereign representatives on Earth. The notion of a “Native Diaspora” in the United States presupposes an adherence to the doctrine of Manifest Destiny as divine intervention on the part of the Judeo-Christian God in His effort to create “living space” or Lebensraum for His children–“chosen” and “unchosen” alike. Even if we were to accept the contemporary permutations of the concept in the postcolonialist attempt to subvert and decenter traditional narratives of nationalism and imperialism as these relate to identity formation and the location of culture, the diasporic metaphor is inapplicable because the peoples and lands at issue here have yet to be manumitted from neo-colonialist bondage.

Uprootedness, homelessness, exile–these are maladies forced upon Native North American populations by the invading Europeans. What Simone Weil has written about this affliction in reference to Euro-African relations in Africa applies equally to the situation on Turtle Island.

[T]he white man carries [uprootedness] about with him wherever he goes. The disease has even penetrated the heart of the African continent, which had for thousands of years, nevertheless, been made up of villages. These black people at any rate, when nobody came to massacre them, torture them, or reduce them to slavery, knew how to live happily on their land. Contact with us is making them lose the art. That ought to make us wonder whether even the [End Page 371] black man, although the most primitive of all colonized peoples, hadn’t after all more to teach us than to learn from us. 69

Native Americans have been “extirpated” as “savages” and as “barbarians” on their own soil. That soil has been contaminated by pestilence, poisons, toxins, oil spills, nuclear waste dumps and all the other deadly by-products Western “civilization” inevitably leaves as its legacy. Sacred sites have been effaced; graves have been robbed. Synagogues and churches can be rebuilt, but Mount Rushmore is not likely to be restored to its original glory by geological cosmetic surgery. Taken literally, James Young’s figurative language in “America’s Holocaust: Memory and the Politics of Identity,” is laced with mordant irony:

By themselves monuments are of little value, mere stones in the landscape. But as part of a nation’s rites or the objects of a people’s national pilgrimage, they are imbued with national soul and memory. For traditionally the state-sponsored memory of a national past aims to affirm the righteousness of a nation’s birth, even its divine election. The matrix of a nation’s monuments emplots the story of ennobling events, of triumphs over barbarism, and recalls the martyrdom of those who gave their lives in the struggle for national existence–who in the martyrological refrain, died so that a nation might live. In assuming the idealized forms and meanings assigned this era by the state, memorials tend to concretize particular historical interpretations. They suggest themselves in indigenous, even geological outcroppings in a national landscape; in time, such idealized memory grows as natural to the eye as the landscape in which it stands.” 70 [emphasis mine]

The irony of his statements is certainly not lost on Young, who concludes his discussion with a section titled “Against a Culture of Competing Catastrophes,” and states: “In the end we must recognize that memory cannot be divorced from the actions taken in its behalf, and that memory without consequences may even contain the seeds of its own destruction.” 71 The “national monument” at Mount Rushmore represents the geographic and symbolic site in which the principles of Manifest Destiny and the master race are literally set in stone. 72

Only when the sanctity in the hearts and minds of the indigenous population of this “vast, untamed wilderness” itself has been duly acknowledged–when the dominant culture finally comes to grips with the fact that the ground they walk upon is not like a temple to the American Indian–it is the temple–then, and only then, will the nature of the devastation and desecration be driven home to them.

Once that has been established, the essentially suicidal nature of Western intellectual endeavor will also become apparent. The savage–an entity reduced in the Western scheme of things to the level of “bare (and hence [End Page 372] disposable) life” on a par with the plant–reveals himself, in the Native American world-view, to be precisely that: nothing more and nothing less than the tree itself–equals in a covenant and an evolutionary chain that does not shackle or bind, but merely bonds. To the Native American sense and sensibility, the tree represents life itself, and there is no split between the life of the tree and the life of the human. They are holistically, historically, and happily related in the nexus of mutually sustainable symbiosis.

If, following Agamben, “homo sacer is life that may be killed but not sacrificed . . . life that may be killed by anyone without committing homicide,” then no crime has been committed in the American Holocaust, nor is the dearth of “academic moves,” “scholarly turns,” and “paradigmatic shifts” toward a fundamental rethinking and reshaping of American national identity of any consequence in global, local, or national terms. 73 There has been no “human” sacrifice in the conquest of the West. Nothing but the forest has been lost to the victor culture. But, if Native theorists, religious leaders, and activists who have survived the holocausts are correct in asserting, as they do, that the fate of the forest will be that of man, then the master race is, in fact, engaged in the specter of committing collective suicide–exercising the authority of the sovereign over life and death on all our behalf.

If we are to divert the disaster, Mount Rushmore must be placed on a par with burning synagogues, whose fires can never be extinguished, and with black churches in the South subjected to racially motivated acts of arson. If the “Jews are the Indians of Germany,” then Mount Rushmore is Bitburg, writ large and indelible, engraved not only in our collective memory, but spat on the very floor of the temple–a civic memorial to a people and a way of life sacrificed to someone else’s “God.” 74 But it is also here that the master race, ex altera terra, has signed and sealed its own fate on this continent as that of homo sacer:

A life that, excepting itself in double exclusion from the real context of both the profane and the religious forms of life, is defined solely by virtue of having entered into an intimate symbiosis with death without, nevertheless, belonging to the world of the deceased. 75

The stones speak volumes that continue to fall on the deaf ears of an American public more German than the Germans in its persistent refusal to come to terms with a “little matter of genocide,” choosing instead to adopt as its own the foundling stone of a historical marker–that coveted historical caesura everyone wants to have, but no one wants to own in the “Americanization of the Holocaust.” 76 But in the canyons of deep memory, the song of the stones still echoes and rings true for the three million survivors of the American Holocaust.

Lilian Friedberg is a bilingual published author and political activist with a master’s degree in the humanities from the University of Chicago and is currently a doctoral candidate in Germanic Studies at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
Notes

1. The reader of this paper is instructed to note that the linguistic and literary intent of the writer includes a deliberate transgression of traditional boundaries in scholarship. This paper thus combines and at the same time challenges elements of various genres: from personal narrative, to scholarly discourse, to critical analysis and creative writing in a parodic idiom that, at times, borders on the “sacrilegious.” It is written from the subject position of a German-Jewish-Native-American-(Anishinabe)-Female and, as a “cross-genred” literary experiment, seeks to reflect the cultural hybridity of its author.

2. Seth Wolitz, “From Parody to Redemption: George Tabori’s Weisman und Rotgesicht,” in Verkörperte Geschichtsentwürfe: George Taboris Theaterarbeit, ed. Peter Höyng (Tübingen: Francke Verlag, 1998) 151-76, 163.

3. Mark Slobin, “From Vilna to Vaudeville: Minikes and Among the Indians,” The Drama Review 24, no. 3 (September 1980): 18.

4. Raphael Seligmann, Mit beschränkter Hoffnung: Juden, Deutsche und Israelis (Hamburg: Hoffman und Campe, 1991), 97-8; cited in Sander L. Gilman, Jews in Today’s German Culture (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995), 19.

5. Lucy Dawidowicz, The Holocaust and the Historians (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981), 17. In Dawidowicz’s earlier work The War against the Jews 1933-1945 (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1975), her discussion of the Madagascar Plan speaks in terms of the “Madagascar reservation . . . a reservation for Jews that would become truly their final destination” (150-66) [emphasis mine].

6. Cited in Peter Novik, The Holocaust in American Life (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1999), 200.

7. Novik, The Holocaust in American Life, 198.

8. See also Henry R. Huttenbach, “The Psychology and Politics of Genocide Denial: A Comparison of Four Case Studies,” in Studies in Comparative Genocide, eds. Levon Chorbajian and George Shirinian (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999), 216: “Denial has become an integral part of genocide; not to take this aspect into consideration is to fail to comprehend a major component of the dynamics of extermination.”

9. At the time of this writing, Finkelstein’s most recent work The Holocaust Industry: Reflections on the Exploitation of Jewish Suffering was scheduled for publication by Verso in July 2000. Citations here are from an 11 June 2000 review by Bryan Appleyard published in the online version of The Sunday Times (http://www.Sunday-times.co.uk/news/pages/sti/2000/06/11/stirevnws02006.html).

10. Novik, The Holocaust in American Life, 13.

11. Saul Friedländer, Memory, History, and the Extermination of the Jews of Europe (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993), 23.

12. Ernst Reinhard Piper, ed., Historikerstreit: Die Dokumentation der Konstervers um die Einzigartigkeit der national-sozialistischen Judenvernichtung (Munich: Piper Verlag, 1987); in English, James Knowlton and Truett Cates, trans., Forever in the Shadow of Hitler? Original Documents of the Historikerstreit, the Controversy Concerning the Singularity of the Holocaust (Atlantic Highlands nj: Humanities Press, 1993).

13. Gerald Vizenor, Manifest Manners: Narrative on Postindian Survivance (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994), 4.

14. George Tabori, “Hamlet in Blue,” Theatre Quarterly 20 (1975): 117-32.

15. Henryk Broder, “Die Germanisierung des Holocaust,” in Volk und Wahn (Munich: Goldman Verlag, 1996), 214. English-language translations of “The Germanization of the Holocaust” and other essays by the same author are forthcoming in Lilian M. Friedberg and Sander L. Gilman, eds., To Each His Own: Selected Essays by German-Jewish Essayist Henryk Broder. Indeed, as Broder’s essay implies, a veritable cottage industry has developed around the Holocaust. Titles like Edward Alexander’s “Stealing the Holocaust,” (Midstream [November 1980]) reflect the lunatic proportions that characterize the debates. See also Norman Finkelstein at note 9 above.

16. James Axtell, Beyond 1492: Encounters in Colonial North America (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992), 262-63.

17. Finkelstein’s article was subsequently reprinted–together with an equally scathing critique of Goldhagen’s thesis and methodology by Ruth Bettina Birn, a recognized authority on the archives Goldhagen cites as sources for his research–in A Nation on Trial: The Goldhagen Thesis and Historical Truth (New York: Henry Holt, 1998).

18. William Greider, One World, Ready or Not: The Manic Logic of Global Capitalism (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1997), 368.

19. Dominick LaCapra, Representing the Holocaust: History, Theory, Trauma (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996), 57.

20. Steven Katz, “The Uniqueness of the Holocaust: The Historical Dimension,” in Is the Holocaust Unique?: Perspectives on Comparative Genocide, ed. Alan Rosenbaum (Boulder CO: Westview Press, 1996), 21.

21. See Katz’s chapter on “The Depopulation of the New World in the Sixteenth Century” in The Holocaust in Historical Context: Volume I: The Holocaust and Mass Death before the Modern Age (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994), 87-91.

22. Katz, The Holocaust in Historical Context, 59.

23. Raphael Lemkin, Axis Rule in Occupied Europe (Washington DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1944), cited in Katz, Holocaust in Historical Context, 125. Lemkin’s definition has been reprinted in most standard works on genocide. For the reader who may be unfamiliar with the text of Article 2 of the UN Convention on Genocide adopted by the General Assembly in November 1948, which was based on Lemkin’s original delineation of the term and the crime’s parameters, I reprint it here: “In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:

1. Killing members of the group.

2. Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group.

3. Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part.

4. Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group.

5. Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group. (cited in Katz, Holocaust in Historical Context, 125)

Ward Churchill’s A Little Matter of Genocide: Holocaust and Denial in the Americas 1492-Present (San Francisco: City Lights Books, 1997) firmly establishes, point by point, the manner and degree to which policies and actions on the part of the U.S. government and its people conform to the definition of genocide as outlined by Lemkin and by the UN convention.

24. Lord Jeffrey Amherst, cited in Churchill, Matter of Genocide, 154.

25. David E. Stannard, American Holocaust (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992), xii.

26. While sources may disagree on the exact wording of Sheridan’s now infamous statement, the sentiment, regardless of wording, is always the same. My source here is The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1955), 499. The examples cited here reflect but the tip of the iceberg in a documented litany of official and unofficial statements issued by governmental authorities and representatives of the people of the United States, which express clear and unequivocal intent to exterminate the entire indigenous population of North America.

27. Yehuda Bauer, “Comparison of Genocides” in Chorbajian and Shirinian, Studies in Comparative Genocide, 38.

28. Lenore A. Stiffarm with Phil Lane, “The Demography of Native North America,” in The State of Native America: Genocide, Colonization, and Resistance, ed. Annette Jaimes (Boston: South End Press, 1992), 33.

29. Churchill, Matter of Genocide, 63.

30. Ibid., 64.

31. Ibid., 147. See also Reginal Horsman, Race and Manifest Destiny: The Origins of American Racial Anglo-Saxonism (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981); Frank Parella, “Lebensraum and Manifest Destiny: A Comparative Study in the Justification of Expansion” (master’s thesis, Georgetown University, 1950); Albert K. Weinberg, Manifest Destiny: A Study of Nationalist Expansion in American History (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1935); Frederick Merk, Manifest Destiny and Mission in American History: A Reinterpretation (New York: Knopf, 1963).

32. John Toland, paraphrased in Stannard, American Holocaust, 153.

33. Katz, Holocaust in Historical Context, 97.

34. Cited in Richard Drinnon, Facing West: The Metaphysics of Indian-Hating and Empire Building (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1980), 232.

35. Hannah Arendt, The Origins of Totalitarianism (New York: Harcourt Brace, 1973), ix. Arendt also identifies the doctrine of the master race as an element of the same “subterranean stream,” but her American exceptionalism renders her comments in this regard of little use to an analysis of the notion of “one nation under God” as a euphemistic veil for the concept of a master race. See Arendt, Origins, 152, 206.

36. Drinnon, Facing West, 463.

37. Ibid., 463.

38. Ibid., 465.

39. Ibid., 462.

40. Ibid., 463.

41. A discussion of the role Christian ideals played in the genocide of both the Jews and the indigenous populations of the Americas oversteps the scope of this study. Elie Wiesel, unaware perhaps of his own profundity in this matter, sums up the gist of the argument quite well when he states: “All the killers were Christian. . . . The Nazi system was the consequence of a movement of ideas and followed a strict logic; it did not arise in a void but had its roots deep in a tradition that prophesied it, prepared for it, and brought it to maturity. That tradition was inseparable from the past of Christian, civilized Europe” (in Irving Abrahamson, ed., Against Silence: The Voice and Vision of Elie Wiesel [New York: Holocaust Library, 1985], 33).

42. Stannard, American Holocaust, 13.

43. Giorgio Agamben, Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life, trans. Daniel Heller-Roazen (Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1998), 114.

44. Churchill, Matter of Genocide, 229.

45. Stannard, American Holocaust, x.

46. See also Terrence Des Pres’s (The Survivor: An Anatomy of Life in the Death Camps [Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1976], 207) assertion that “[the survivor] is the first of civilized men to live beyond the compulsions of culture” [emphasis mine].

47. Ward Churchill, “A Summary of Arguments Against the Naming of a University Residence Hall After Clinton M. Tyler” (report prepared at the request of the assistant vice chancellor for academic services, University of Colorado at Boulder, July 1981, cited in Annette Jaimes, ed., The State of Native America, 5).

48. Novik, Holocaust in American Life, 9.

49. See note 9 above.

50. Eduardo and Bonnie Duran, Native American Postcolonial Psychology (New York: SUNY Press, 1995), 40.

51. Winona LaDuke, All Our Relations: Native Struggles for Land and Life (Cambridge, MA: South End Press, 1999), 148.

52. Novik, Holocaust in American Life, 9.

53. See note 9 above.

54. Winona LaDuke, Last Standing Woman (Stillwater, MN: Voyageur Press, 1997), 127. LaDuke’s reference here is to the state of Minnesota. Her discussion centers on the particularly virulent strain of metaphysical Indian-hating that permeates those areas in direct proximity to reservations.

55. Annette Jaimes, “Sand Creek–The Morning After,” in Jaimes, The State of Native America, 8. A detailed discussion of the “legal” means employed by the U.S. government in outlawing and criminalizing various elements of native culture far exceeds the scope of this study. Churchill states, in this regard,

It may seem curious that American Indians, who had mandatorily become U.S. citizens by 1924, should “need a special statute passed in the late 1970’s [The American Indian Religious Freedom Act, 1978] to be able to utilize the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment to the Constitution.” A number of statutes and regulations promulgated during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, however, effectively criminalized a range of indigenous spiritual practices extending from the Lakota sun dance to the potlatch ceremonies of the nations of the Pacific Northwest. Further, given that many native traditions embody a concept of sacred geography, loss of lands had by the late twentieth century seriously curtailed site-specific practices of Indian spirituality (Ward Churchill, cited in Jaimes, The State of Native North America, 17).

Native and non-Native scholars have conducted a substantial amount of research on these issues.

56. The “New Age” spiritual movement’s fascination and appropriation of things Indian also presents a mirror image of the “contemporary fascination for things Jewish in Germany.” See article of the same title by Jack Zipes, in Sander Gilman and Karen Remmler, eds., Reemerging Jewish Culture in Germany: Life and Literature since 1989 (New York: New York University Press, 1994), 15-45; cf. Wendy Rose, “The Great Pretenders: Further Reflections on Whiteshamanism,” in Jaimes, The State of Native North America, 403-21.

57. LaDuke, All Our Relations, 5.

58. Ibid., 1.

59. Ibid., 1.

60. Des Pres, The Survivor, 207.

61. Vine Deloria, For this Land: Writings on Religion in America (New York: Routledge, 1999), 130.

62. Jack Zipes, “Contemporary Fascination,” 36.

63. Lilian Friedberg, “Mule Minus Forty Million Acres: Topographies of Geographic Disorientation and Redface Minstrelsy in George Tabori’s Weisman und Rotgesicht” (master’s thesis, University of Chicago, May 2000).

64. Zipes, “Contemporary Fascination,” 36.

65. Wolitz, “From Parody to Redemption,” 166.

66. Ward Churchill, speaking at the University of Chicago on 21 January 2000 made this point in his lecture on “A Little Matter of Genocide: Holocaust and Denial in the Americas 1492-Present.”

67. Deloria, For this Land, 127.

68. Any significant discussion of indigenous peoples and their relationship to the lands currently inhabited by other diasporic peoples is glaringly absent, for example, in Michael Galchnisky’s discussion of diasporism with regard to multicultural identity in the United States. See “Scattered Seeds: A Dialogue of Diasporas,” in Insider/Outsider: American Jews and Multiculturalism, eds. David Biale, Michael Galchinsky, and Susan Heschel (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998), 185-212.

69. Weil, The Need for Roots, 77.

70. James E. Young, “America’s Holocaust: Memory and the Politics of Identity,” in The Americanization of the Holocaust, ed. Helene Flanzbaum (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999), 69.

71. Ibid., 82.

72. While opinions in Native communities are divided with regard to the “Rushmore alternative”–the “Crazy Horse Monument”–it is the view of many that this monumental undertaking, initiated by European immigrants, constitutes an equally atrocious assault on the land, which only adds insult to injury, especially since Crazy Horse, throughout his life, had insisted that no graphic representations of his person be made.

73. Agamben, Homo Sacer, 101-3.

74. This is a reference to the international scandal surrounding then President Ronald Reagan’s conduct at the cemetery in Bitburg, Germany, where former SS soldiers are buried and were commemorated in 1986. For a more detailed discussion of the event and its meaning, see also David Singer, ed, Bitburg in Moral and Political Perspective (Bloomington: University Press of Indiana, 1986) and Ilya Levkov, ed., Bitburg and Beyond: Encounters in American, German, and Jewish History (New York: Shapolsky, 1987).

75. Agamben, Homo Sacer, 100.

76. Russel Means, 12 October 1992, American Indian Movement:

“All my life, I’ve had to listen to rhetoric about the United States being a model of freedom and democracy, the most uniquely enlightened and humanitarian country in history, a ‘nation of laws’ which, unlike others, has never pursued policies of conquest and aggression. I’m sure you’ve heard it before. It’s official ‘truth’ in the United States. It’s what is taught to schoolchildren and it’s the line peddled to the general public. Well, I’ve got a hot news flash for everybody here. It’s a lie. The whole thing’s a lie, and it always has been. Leaving aside the obvious points which could be raised to disprove it by blacks and Chicanos and Asian immigrants right here in North America–not to mention the Mexicans, the Nicaraguans, the Guatemalans, the Puerto Ricans, the Hawaiians, the Filipinos, the Samoans, the Tamarros of Guam, the Marshall Islanders, the Koreans, the Vietnamese, the Cubans, the Dominicans, the Granadans, the Libyans, the Panamanians, the Iraqis, and a few dozen other peoples out there who’ve suffered American invasions and occupations first hand–there’s a little matter of genocide that’s got to be taken into account right here at home. I’m talking about the genocide which has been perpetrated against American Indians, a genocide that began the instant the first of Europe’s boat people washed up on the beach of Turtle Island, a genocide that’s continuing right now, at this moment. Against Indians, there’s not a law the United States hasn’t broken, not a Crime Against Humanity it hasn’t committed, and it’s still going on” (cited in Churchill, Matter of Genocide, frontispiece).

Why The Washington “Redskins” Should Be Called The Washington “Niggers”!

Image result for buffalo soldiers american indians buffalo soldiers

The Washington “Redskins” are no more or less then a Jew owned and operated team of “Buffalo Soldiers” who received MEDALS OF HONOR for murdering Native American’s for their “Jew Masters”. They wrote and sang a song glorifying the mass murder of 300 unarmed Lakota/Dakota men women and children at Wounded Knee in 1890 by Custers 7th Calvary.

Image result for wounded knee massacre

Image result for image redskin bounty

Think THIS… A football team owned by a “KIKE” who’s majority players are “NIGGERS” and then read the history and the real life definition of what was a  “REDSKIN” and apply THE NON INDIAN RACE HATE LOGIC OF AMERICAN INDIANS!

As for the “Washington JEW Post” who’s surveyed “Native Americans”…most if not all were NOT living on a RESERVATION nor were they even close to “Full Bloods” but rather “Wannabe NO BLOODS” who have a “Cherokee Princes” in their family tree….kind of like that FAKE INDIAN Warren!

Go to Pine Ridge any “KIKE” or “NIGGER” and call them “REDSKIN” and see how long you stay standing on your feet!

I blogged this and then removed it and now I am restoring it for your historical pleasure. Richard Boyden Genocidal History of The Word “REDSKIN” (Worse then the word “NIGGER̶…

Richard Boyden

Image result for image redskin bounty

Genocidal History of The Word “REDSKIN” (Worse then the word “NIGGER”!)

Back not so long ago, when there was a bounty on the heads of the Indian Peopleo… the trappers would bring in Indian scalps along with the other skins that they had managed to trap or shoot, Trappers and hunters began using the term ‘redskin’ …they would tell the owner that they had bearskin, deerskins…and ‘redskins.’ The term came from the bloody mess that one saw when looking at the scalp …thus the term ‘red’…skin… So, you see when we see or hear that term…we don’t see a football team… we don’t see a game being played…we don’t see any ‘honor’…we see the bloody pieces of scalps that were hacked off of our men, women and even our children… we hear the screams as our people were killed…and ‘skinned’ just like animals. So, yes, …you can safely say that the term is considered extremely offensive.” Tina Holder, Blackfeet, Choctaw

February 14, 2013 By Richard Boyden

Preface: On Feb.9, 2013, Scott Prentice, Owner of “Territory Media” and “Black Hills Portal” in Lead South Dakota, hacked into my “richardboyden.wordpress.com” account and deleted this article among all others. And why? Because for Scott Prentice, American Indians are “Savages” and “Redskins” who he considers being less then human.

It is both prophetic and ironic that a professional football team named after a famous American Indian Chief called Seattle….defeated a team who’s name historically targeted his race with a visceral scathing murderous hate inspired from the throne of hell itself.

As L. Frank Baum…”Mr. Wizard of Oz”  (lauded by Jews!) once wrote, “Having wronged them for centuries we had better, in order to protect our civilization, follow it up by one more wrong and wipe these untamed and untamable creatures from off the face of the earth. In this lies future safety for our settlers and the soldiers who are under incompetent commands. Otherwise, we may expect future years to be as full of trouble with the redskins as those have been in the past”.

This is information is for those folks who are in mourning because their beloved Washington football team lost AGAIN and to take note that there were American Indian spiritual Leaders who prayed a curse on this professional football team. Why you ask?

Because American Indians consider the name “redskin” a racially slanderous and offensive word equal to other racially offensive names identifying other races and cultures in a equally hateful, racist, and denigrating way. Some prime examples are of course “kike”, “wetback”, “chink”, “gook”, “cracker/honkey” and the infamous “nigger” word. Click HERE to read what a Black writer says about the “redskin” word being as offensive as the “nigger” word.

Of course history shows that racially speaking, the majority of non-Indians in their state of “pathological behavior” gleefully and proudly ignore this hypocrisy as evidenced by rulings in the anti-Indian mascot court cases including the United States Supreme Court as well in editorials in the media. Even Verizon Wireless upholds this racist name and sponsors this team using it which should be reason enough to boycott their company. Yet at the same time, this company employs hate “honkies/crackers” Blacks.

What is conveniently ignored in this quagmire of “racist double speak” is that this Washington D.C. based football team is owned by a Jew named Don Snyder. He has demonstrated that in his peculiar Jewish view, the word “redskin” is not offensive to him in the least. Of course he would call the Anti-Defamation League immediately if his people were being slandered. Add to that the fact that the majority of his players are of African American origin and that not one of them has expressed any concern with the racially offensive name of their team, what you have laid out before us is a collusion of racial hypocrisy on the part of two groups of people who’s history of being victims of racial/religious genocide is the same as that of American/Native American/Indigenous peoples. But God forbid though, if any symbol, statement, or a movie even hints of anything racially offensive targeting their race or religion!

Here is some history connecting the dots between Blacks, Jews, and American Indians that is little known and which underscores the racial hypocrisy of this issue.

Historically with Blacks, the answer might be found in the history of the Black Buffalo Soldiers who fought on behalf of the United States Government as paid “mercenaries” to track down and kill American (“Redskins”) Indians for Jewish owners of rail road companies and or to obtain their freedom as “slaves”. During this period of time, they were awarded 17 Medals of Honor by the United States Government for helping in the breaking of treaties, the stealing of land, and the killing of American Indian men, women, and children who they called “redskins”. Black Buffalo soldiers were also famous for raping Indian women.

Another little known historical factoid concerns a collective of Black troops who made up exclusively the 9th and 10th Coloured (Black) Calvary who were present during the massacre is that they brought to the Wounded Knee “killing fields” the Hotchkiss guns/cannons used to shred to pieces the bodies of unarmed Lakota Sioux men, women, and children. These troops were attached to George Custer’s 7th Calvary.

Eyewitness accounts recount the execution of the women and children of Sitting Bulls people at Wounded Knee. “Four babies had their heads crushed in and when people surrendered, they were summarily executed. This was wholesale butchery”. Twenty members of Custer’s 7th Calvary were awarded Congressional Medals of Honor for their act of butchery. After the slaughter was ended, the Black Buffalo Soldiers celebrated this mass murder by writing a song that glorified the killing of the “redskins”! Again…take note that L. Frank Baum, author/writer of the Wizard of Oz, called for the wholesale “annihilation” of American Indians.

AND….

From his Sitting Bull editorial:

The proud spirit of the original owners of these vast prairies inherited through centuries of fierce and bloody wars for their possession, lingered last in the bosom of Sitting Bull. With his fall the nobility of the Redskin is extinguished, and what few are left are a pack of whining curs who lick the hand that smites them. The Whites, by law of conquest, by justice of civilization, are masters of the American continent, and the best safety of the frontier settlements will be secured by the total annihilation of the few remaining Indians. Why not annihilation? Their glory has fled, their spirit broken, their manhood effaced; better that they die than live the miserable wretches that they are.

So what you have is a dark evil spirit calling for the extermination of American Indians…REDSKINS…and

AND…Jews love his “Wizard of Oz”! Now what if Baum called for the EXTERMINATION OF JEWS!

As for how the United States Military profiled American Indians, this statement made by a member of wrote, ” every redskin must be killed from off the fact of the plains before we can be free from their molestations. They are of no earthly good and the sooner they are swept from the land the better for civilization. I do not think they can be turned aside and made good law abiding citizens any more then coyotes can be used for shepherd dogs” Quote from Major John Vance Lauderdale, US Army surgeon attending physician at the Wounded Knee Massacre.

Other historical commentaries using the name of this professional and revered football team housed in the city President Obama resides in include,  “Hunting redskins became for the time being a popular sport in New England, especially since prisoners were worth good money, and the personal danger to the hunters was now very slight” From Douglas Leach, Flintlock and Tomahawk: New England in King Philps War (W.W. Norton & Co. 1958.

This example of historical understanding of the use of the word “redskin”  is clear and concise when “defining” the word in it’s real life application. ”Others say it was first used on signs at Dutch Trading Posts that listed the “skins” they bought. Among them beaver skins – and redskins. On the Northeast coast, the U.S. Government put a bounty on American Indians’ heads. People had to prove they killed an American Indian in order to get the bounty. How did they prove it? At first they would bring in a head but that got to cumbersome so it simply became the scalps. The prices paid for scalps were different depending on whether they were taken from a male or a female and whether they were taken from an adult or a child. Adult females brought the most money because they could produce American Indian offspring. How did they prove the sex of the person the scalp once belonged to? For women they would cut off the breasts and present them with scalps. For children’s scalps it was often the feet that were cut off.” From the Cincinnati Zapatista Coalition, American Indian Mascot Page.

Jewish team owner Dan Snyder has a “historical” religious peer who glorified in the “scalping of redskins”. His name was Sigmund Shlesinger, a Jewish immigrant from New York City. He gleefully participated in the genocide of American Indians as a part of the United States policy of “ethnic cleansing” on Cheyenne lands near Sheridan Kansas. He is recorded as writing…“Scalpt 3 Indians which were found 15 feet from my hole in consealt in grass…for the purpose of collecting bounty”. (American Jewish Archives, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati”.) So you see…in order for this Jew to collect the money reward for killing a “redskin”, he had to present a “scalp”.

Snyder’s people have contributed to and been directly involved in the both the destruction of American Indians and the racially profiling of them as less then human whether it be in history, Jewish Hollywood produced movies, or in print. The first distribution of whiskey to Indians in the 1700′s was through whiskey distilleries owned by a Jew named Nicholas Lowe to take advantage of Indians in “commerce”. The first slaves were Indians…not Blacks and they were the cargo on the ship owned by a Jew named Columbus.

Recent racial insensitivity on the part of Snyder’s people includes a Wall Street Journal article written by a Jew named Kaplan who glorified the various military campaigns of “Indian killing” as something to be proud of. Another example of Jewish love for American Indians is found in the words of talk show host Michael Medved who stated that there was nothing close to a “American Holocaust” of Indians compared to that of Jews. He called Indian Nations “Struggling Stone Age Societies”. Other Jews say that there is no comparison between the Jewish Holocaust and the American.

Of course Jews like Snyder would also deny their role in the Holocaust of millions of Christians by his progeny in Russia!

In spite of the fact American Indians are ignored in this issue by those who should know better, Jews and Blacks, and that they continue to be without a government or public representative speaking on their behalf, they do have the consolation of knowing that their Creator knows the truth and origins of hateful and hurtful word and that He will continue to answer their prayers in the damning of this team and those that support it.

Image result for image redskin bounty

I will end with a little known fact about another “Redskin” hating White man… Andrew Jackson. Jackson was a Free Mason as were most Indian hating Presidents. He was also founder of the modern Democratic Party as well as the greatest Indian killer of all American Presidents. Jackson United States troops “…to root out from their ‘dens’ and kill Indian women and their ‘whelps’” (Stannard, p. 240). Jackson was so effective at rooting women and “whelps” from their “dens,” he adopted the habit of cutting off his victims’ noses as trophies to commemorate his exploits. He earned the name “Sharp Knife” from Creek Indians for his penchant for skinning victims and using the cured and braided tissue as reins for his ponies (Takaki, 1994)

Recently I was searching the news visiting one of my favorite sites, “Israel National News”, an online Internet publication out of IsraeI. I noticed a shocking article stating that Columbus was in fact a Jew and not a Christian Gentile. As I read the information, I immediately readjusted my understanding of “American History” as pertaining to American Indians and Jews and how Jewish Racism starting with Columbus, was one of the primary sources of the political, economic, and physical genocide of American Indians.

Being Jewish on my Grandfather’s side, having lived in Israel, and as a former radio talk show host, I many times focused on issues related to Israel including interviewing Holocaust survivors.These were Jews who were victims of Nazi Racism. Even though my Jewish roots were not “official” due to the fact  I have no immediate “matrilineal” connection to my heritage, I am acutely aware of the Spiritual calling and role of Jewish people in their relationship with God and mankind. Because of this part of my life, I was aware of injustice and racism on a level that allowed me to understand more fully the genocidal history of American Indians and sadly enough, the role of Jewish people in this tragic history.

From my college days, I have at one time or another been directly involved with American Indians through my involvement with and working for various Indian organizations, as well as teaching investigative journalism at Haskell Indian Nations University, living on a reservation in South Dakota, as well as interviewing dozen’s of prominent Indians from various tribes and backgrounds as a radio talk show host in Kansas City. I was also became aware of the obvious and blatant of involvement of Jews in the genocidal history of American Indians in contrast to their spiritual calling to right the injustices they have experienced from 1492 to this day and this “American Holocaust” history is discussed by Lilian Friedberg a Jewish scholar who wrote a article called Dare to Compare: Americanizing the Holocaust.

In further readings, I discovered another shocking fact that contributes to American Indian Genocide to this day and that is the fact that the first whiskey distilleries started in America were established in Newport. by a Jew named Nicholas Lowe and that whiskey was a “Jewish tool” to take advantage of Indians in “commerce”. Also, the first slaves were not African, but Indians taken by Columbus to Europe. Most all of the slave ships used in transporting African peoples to America as slaves, were Jewish owned.

I found a story on a Jewish “bounty hunter” named Sigmund Shlesinger, a Jewish immigrant from New York City, working in Kansas on Cheyenne lands near Sheridan Kansas. He gleefully participated in the mass murder and genocide of American Indians, participated in hunting down American Indian families in their homes and attacking them. His Jewish racism targeting American Indians included making sure they were murdered, terrorized, and deported in a massive ethnic cleansing. “Scalpt 3 Indians which were found 15 feet from my hole consealt in grass…for the purpose of collecting bounty.” (American Jewish Archives, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati)

More recent are news articles published in the Wall Street Journal, written by a Jew named Kaplan, glorifying the various military campaigns of Indian killing, as something to be proud of. Michael Medved, a Jewish talk show host, states that there was nothing close to a “Holocaust” of Indians as compared to Jewish history. He called Indian Nations “Struggling Stone Age Societies”.

Then there is the scamming lying works of a Jew named Abramhoff who’s resume was pure exploitation of Indian Tribal casino monies. Abramhoff used the “F” word to describe American Indians. He considered them a “lower form of existence…they are just plain stupid…Morons.”

And on Indian Reservations here in South Dakota, H. R. Block (Bloch), a Jewish owned tax service, is engaged in racist “predatory lending” and making hundreds of thousands of dollars off of unsuspecting Indians by offering “quick high interest loans” in the name of “getting your refund sooner”. Block was sued for doing the same among poor Blacks but has a “green light” from the government to exploit American Indians.

The highest prices for food and groceries are found in two Jewish owned stores on the Pine Ridge and Rosebud reservations…20-30 % higher as compared to off reservation stores. Single Indian mothers needing pampers and wipes for their babies have to pay $2 to $4 more per package. Formula is overpriced compared to Wal-Mart. These mothers earn in some cases less than $400 dollars a month. Is this not racism and economic exploitation of American Indians by Jewish Racism?

The point I am making, is that as I have studied, observed, and witnessed Jewish contact and involvement with American Indians, it has been from the beginning to this day, solely for the purpose of using and exploiting for the purpose of making money off of American Indians. This includes the theft of the Black Hills, the billions in gold stolen from the Black Hills and the ignoring of this by the Jewish segment in America. Jews also have ignored the “loss” of billions of dollars in “trust monies” owed to American Indians by the same United States government. But of course, they want their lost and stolen assets from the Holocaust paid back. How hypocritical.

I also have experienced only one response from Jewish people in responding to the efforts of the charity I am president of, Operation Morning Star. There have been over 30 newspaper articles, various television spots, and numerous attempts on my part to get assistance from Jewish people. Only one congregation responded in 14 years, no philanthropic organizations, no “rich” Jewish families or individuals. Yet I see the same helping other races and cultures in this country and world wide. Why is that?

Last year I called the local Jewish Community Center in Kansas City and informed them of the fact the play they were showing there, the Wizard of Oz, was written by L. Frank Baum. I informed them that Baum was a hater of American Indians after the order of a “Hitler” and as a “prominent” newspaper editor in South Dakota, he called for the total extermination of American Indians.

The response from the Jewish Community Center was that of no concern which for me, was a confirmation that for the majority of Jews in America, “the only good Indian is a dead Indian” You can see Baum’s play shown in many Jewish Community Centers throughout the United States.

To my knowledge, there have been few if any attempts on the part of Jewish people whether it be lawyers or organizations, Synagogues, let alone “rich” Jews, to be involved in reparations, economic development, let alone legal representation in personal and collective efforts to assist American Indians in the area of justice. Correct me if I am wrong.

One blatant example is in the use of racist language to identify various ethnic groups. It is not politically correct or acceptable to use the words “kike”, “wetback”, “sambo”, “gook”, “n—-r”, or .”rag head” among others. BUT it is perfectly acceptable by non-American Indians to use the word “REDSKIN”.

This racist word has it’s historical record of “bounty hunters” needing to present PROOF that they murdered a “REDSKIN”. Such proof came in the form of “mutilated body parts” such as testicles, breasts, scalps, etc. so that a they could collect their “blood money”. Any outcry from any element of the Jewish segment of society? B’nai B’rith? Anti-Defamation League? Prominent Jewish lawyers or Government officials? Say “Washington REDSKINS”! What about “Washington NIGGERSKINS”?

Three weeks ago in Rapid City, I met with Orli Gil, Consulate General for the State of Israel. On that day, there was an article in the Rapid City Journal discussing her interaction with prominent citizens and politicians from South Dakota. I noticed that there was not one individual representing any Native American organization or Nation. So I chose to call her office in Chicago and a meeting was arranged with her.

During our discussion I asked her if Israel would be willing to contribute some of her expertise in an area of “economic development”, similar to how Israel has assisted other Nations and Peoples. She brought up the subject of developing a “aqua-culture” project to raise and process trout commercially. I agreed that such a project would be one that could do two things. One provide food and the other, a business enterprise.

To my dismay, at the end of our meeting she made a very disparaging statement. She stated that Israel needed to be concerned about the “reaction” of those who might be critical of such an undertaking. I was shocked! My response to her was, why should Israel be concerned about the reactions of any group or Nation when during the European Holocaust, no one did one thing to stop the extermination of Jews. She had no answer.

But Israel and American Jewish organizations have been and are actively involved in providing economic aid, development, and technical assistance to all other races, cultures, and nations who are in need, suffering from poverty, wars, or natural disasters. But find me ANY efforts by ONE Jewish entity directed at American Indians suffering from the same…just one please!

Here in South Dakota, I have seen one of the most despicable, disgusting, and evil examples of Jewish racism directed at American Indians. It is the direct involvement of Jewish individuals in the Justice Department and FBI in the cover-up of the murder and rape of American Indians. The most glaring example is the rape and murder of Jancita Eagle Deer. She was raped by the former Governor of South Dakota, Bill Janklow, a “closet Jew”. Two weeks before she was to testify, she was found dead…murdered. According to a number of people I have talked to, she was last seen alive with an FBI undercover agent and Janklow. To this day, the FBI and the Justice Department have not questioned, arrested, or indicted Janklow for anything concerning her rape and death.

I met a Jewish Federal Prosecutor at the Rosh Hashanah service here in the Black Hills named Gregg Pederman. I discussed with him the case of a yet to be arrested prominent American Indian Movement member named Floyd Hand who raped 6 women in “ceremonies” by drugging them and that I had two women willing to file charges. He said to call him and I have twice and left messages and that was almost 2 weeks ago.

In my mind, such behaviour is in itself a desecration of what it means to truly be Jewish according to my studies of the Torah and those scriptures that define what being Jewish really is and is not. Such blasphemy may well escape the halls of justice in time…but not in eternity any more then  acts of rape and murder will.

Richard Boyden

  1. toby larsson says:

    I am Jewish and after reading this article I am so ashamed that Jews were there for these atrocities . My father instilled. in me a love and respect for the American Indians when I was a child. That was many years ago. Today I live in NW Montana and plan on applying to the university of Montana for native American studies . I cannot begin to describe the shame I feel. Thank you for educating me. I never knew this.

    • So sorry Toby for NOT getting back to you…YIKES!

      I appreciate the good words as I try to focus on simply TRUTH documented even though I have been called a racist and anti-semite etc. I have lived in Israel and put the ONLY Jewish radio program on air in Kansas City.

      With that said… being a man who has lived among the victims of the American Holocaust… my hope in sharing what I have in the “context of” was to WAKE UP JEWS to their “IDENTITY AND CALLING” to represent Hashem and HIS LOVE was well as awaken them to their PART in the American Holocaust.

      Wondering though…would you please comment on my Dan Snyder article. And be honest please. Thanks.

      Richard Boyden

FBI Protects American Indian Pedophiles Who Rape and Murder American Indian Children

On American Indian Reservations with this case as a blatant example, the FBI has a “systematic in place” evidence destroying/protect the beast policy used to “delete” dozens of cases of sexual abuse of Native American children by Native American pedophiles in “Indian Country”.

This is a time of reckoning. This is where the Roads Cross. This is where we know if we are doing good things in this world, or if we are abandoning those we know are mistreated, neglected, tormented. This is where we decide that we have the power to do something that will make a difference to all generations now and next, and it doesn’t cost us a dime.

This is not a plea for donations but it’s going to cost you, many, many troubled nights, and days when your mind wanders back and you remember, Two Children Murdered and no one has done anything about it.

Take a look: Meet Destiny. She was 9. And her little brother, “Baby Travis” who was 7: WORD PRESS WOULD ONLY ALLOW ME TO POST ONE PHOTO SO I POSTED DESTINY’S.

They were viciously raped, mutilated while they were still alive, and murdered. Their bodies were found stuffed between the mattress and box spring of their father’s bed. He was a known meth addict who bought a drug screening pass from Chuck Trottier, as so many others have before him and since. The mother was given no choice, but had to leave her children with their father, for ‘visits’ despite reports of molest and rape because the Tribal Court thought they were whiners.

No one has been held accountable in the brutal violation and murder of these two children, nor is it likely they ever will, despite the witnesses who came forward, the amount of evidence that was available.

Why? Because, in Spirit Lake, where the most evil violations of children are ignored, and those who commit murders, rapes and who routinely raid the funds to fill their own lavish lifestyles, this is just another sad story, with no intention of finding Justice, nor any attempt even being made, by those whom you would think would themselves, be held accountable.

The reports have been numerous and graphic about the abuses of children, pre-teens, toddlers and infants, and yet, not one move by those in government. Reports have been filed. Mandatory reporting has been done… but not one arrest, not one child rescued. And this goes all the way up the line. All. The. Way.

The BIA, in Washington, DC, has a report on their desk, sitting there, for over a week. If I get my hands on it, I am posting it here.

Murder Scene

The FBI, and the US Attorney General’s who have been in charge of Indian Country territories, such as Spirit Lake and Fort Berthold, Standing Rock, etc… seem to have a knack for ignoring violent crimes against women and children. Harper’s Magazine did an amazing, detailed article on Standing Rock, back in February 2011.

One would think that it would be different when it involves crimes against children. Given the uproar over the Penn State pedophile scandal, and so many with the University, and in Law Enforcement, were all involved with concealing and abetting Sandusky’s pedophilia. There has even been speculation that one District Attorney, Ray Gricar, may have been investigating the crimes when he suddenly disappeared from the face of the map, along with his laptop.

It is assumed he was murdered, but even before his disappearance could be investigated, a smear campaign on him alluding to supposed homosexuality on his part (saying he was ‘maybe’ meeting a male prostitute). I can think of no reason for them to bring that kind of conjecture to a case, based on nothing, unless they wanted, in advance, to discredit anyone who may know anything about whom he was investigating or for what.

From what I have seen of the FBI, especially in cases involving crimes against children where the suspects are either high profile or politically well connected, they will move mountains to destroy credibility and evidence in order to protect the powerful, at the cost of young lives. It would not surprise me to find that they, FBI, had something to with both his disappearance and the smear campaign to discredit him. Why? Because it’s what they do, in high profile pedophile cases. They make it go away.

Again, I remind you all about Steven Bruce Cartier, caught with over 1 Million child porn images on his computer, and the USAG never once investigated his family, which had several pedophiles and registered sex offenders, nor any of the people he worked for or with, at least 6 of which are Level 3 Sex Offenders. They concluded, despite all odds, that he acted alone, and did not even share files (which is what pedos do, they swap images because no one can get 1 Million images of children, most of whom they had never encountered, without trading and swapping). But the FBI and the USAG at that time, wanted to make sure that a wider investigation, even 1º of separation, were thwarted at the outset. They even sold his computers at auction. Imagine.

So, we come to the murder scene of these two little children. The mother and her surviving son, having just found the two bodies, butchered, mutilated and worse, covered in blood, and the FBI is on the scene. All is well?

Something Fishy FBI Style

Trout

It’s already known who the father of the murdered children is. And it is already known who his best friends are, including child rapist, Junior Herman, who lives just a stone’s throw from the house and who spent a lot of time at that house, with those children, supervised and unsupervised.

Witness were horrified at the crime scene, in fact, many were allowed to walk through it. Nothing was ‘secured’.

By now, I am sure that the FBI already knew that Junior Herman was involved. I’m sure the phone calls were made to Poopsie, soon as the call came in, “Homicide, Spirit Lake, children..” Because the FBI makes no move without consulting with Poopsie in order to be sure no one, politically well connected, gets their toes stepped on.

Example: When the SMC Plant was raided, the FBI set up a war room in the Blue Building, maps and documents spread out on tables, and who was directing them as to where they could go and could not go? The BIA Captain? No. Poopsie. He was not even in Law Enforcement, but they were taking directions on the limit and scope of their raid, from him. Why?

The FBI does not make a move on that rez without consulting Poopsie. Just in case, such as in the case of those two murdered children, a call went in, and they knew what they had to do. Destroy the evidence, botch the investigation so that it can never be brought to court.

Derek Trout, seems to be the FBI Agent of choice for such missions. At least, if there is a case that needs to be mishandled, he is the go-to man to see to it that it never sees court. It was Derek Trout who gave the order for the Social Worker on the scene, to take the mother, the surviving child, to go get them cleaned up. They were never tested or swabbed for DNA at the scene, nor ever. They weren’t even photographed. In fact, no one remembers seeing any photographing of the scene. Seems fundamental, doesn’t it?

The Social Worker had carefully bagged the clothing so that it could be used for evidence (despite Chain of Custody being broken.) She handed the individual bags to FBI Agent Trout, who then handed them to an auntie, and told her to launder them. She did.

People held onto this information for over a year. They were afraid that if it got out, then there could never be a trial and there would never be any justice. They were sure the FBI and the USAG– Tim Purdon, were going to somehow, magically build a case, so they stayed quiet on this. One said that they were told that if they told anyone, it would be “Their Fault” that the case against the Father of the murdered children fell apart. “Their Fault” if Junior Herman was never brought to trial. “Their Fault,” mind you, not the FBI.

The name Derek Trout has surfaced, time and time again, in cases I hear about. Always along the same lines. Always, the case is somehow ‘ruined’ and nothing gets done. Trout is a serial screw up. But a screw up with a mission: Protect the Turdclan. Why? Because if anyone in the Turdclan goes down for a big crime, they might talk about what they know about other crimes committed, say Murders, and specifically the Murder of Eddie Peltier. Junior Herman is surely one of those protected Turdlings. His mother, Celeste Pisster Herman is the one who hit Eddie in the side of his head with a cast iron frying pan… knocking him to the floor, where her brothers kicked and stomped, James “Poopsie” Yankton, finishing him off with an aluminum baseball bat. Thud! Thud! Thud! “Stop hitting him James! You’ve already killed him!” the woman screamed… the whole neighborhood heard that blood chilling yell in the small hours of that morning…

Poopsie and his family, already had the FBI Agent, Helleckson, a falling down drunken disgrace, exiled to the rez to finish his career, co opted and in their pocket. US Attorney General, Lynn Crooks, came on board easily enough, and Dennis Fischer, another USAG, more than happy to help frame the innocent. The FBI assisted with beatings and threats to witnesses…

Well, you get the picture. Poopsie had them all jumping to protect his family because he promised them, long ago: “If I go down, I’m taking everyone with me.” That sent chills all the way to Washington, DC. He can, and he will.

So, when Poopsie’s nephew is involved in child rape, mutilation, murder, Poopsie knows he can count on the FBI. And it appears, in the person of Derek Trout, SAC, they have what they need. Evidence Destroyed √. No DNA swabs √, no photographs √, launder the bloody clothes √. √Done

I am not harming the case by pointing this out. It was never going to go to trial. The minute the Defense filed for discovery, it would become apparent that the case was hollowed out on the inside, by those who were on the inside.

Junior Herman went on to rape another young girl, a 6 or 7 yr. Old neighbor girl. Bentley Grey Bear, the local Go-To-Man for the Turdclan, made sure he mucked up the scene, and Janis Morley, the joke of a AUSA on site, failed to preserve, protect evidence and statements … was able to throw the case away in court, and Junior got off, scot free, despite having written a letter of apology to the family of the girl he raped.

Good news, Justice Junkies! Junior Herman was found guilty on a charge: “Lying to the Judge”. Yup, we call it perjury, that he lied about his whereabouts on the day the child was raped, but Perjury carries such harsh sentences… so the judge, in order to make a point, had him charged for lying. He was given a 1 yr sentence, mostly suspended, with only 6 months of ‘monitoring’. Well, that’ll teach him!

So, you have all you need out there: Children trafficked for sex, funds intended for their care & treatment raided, Their educational scholarships stolen from them… and even murder, nothing really rising to the level of investigation by the USAG out there.

Reports are in, and Purdon’s office responds by patting himself on the back for all the successful prosecutions they’ve had (the laughable sentences for the Fuel Oil scams) (and now, that biggy for “Lying”)… So it was clear that Purdon’s main concern was not the reports of children being abused, neglected, raped, murdered, but rather, his own ‘shiny’ reputation. I about threw up.

Of course, now, he is stating, publicly, that it is ‘troubling’.

Really?”Troubling?” like a riddle or a difficult math problem? Not Critical. Not Urgent. “Troubling”. Was he trying to say: “Mystifying”? Because he seems to have no sense that there is anything he, nor his office need to do about this, except observe it from afar, & ponder it, like a balloon carried aloft, disappearing into the bright blue sky. Gee.

Outrage

I remind you, not that I need to, about the outrage over those who knew about Sandusky’s indignities upon young children, who did nothing and who protected him, rather than protecting the children, by doing nothing. Nothing.

Now, there are people in position to know who have made detailed reports, declared the emergency, and those in the USAG who are supposed to be protecting the victims, are doing NOTHING.

They have a murderer in jail on a misdemeanor, and another child rapist, accomplice in those murders, getting his wrist slapped for ‘lying’. No one is protecting the children. They are protecting the pedophiles. They are protecting the guilty. They are protecting the corrupt.

Where’s the outrage?

This is where The Good Road and the Road of Difficulties Cross. This is Our Holy Place. What we do here, and now, about this, will determine our worthiness to exist in any comforts, or to have any value in our lives. Do we gain value? Or do we just exist to protect the corrupt? The Pedophiles? Do we, as they do, just do “Nothing”? Does that absolve them? Us?

The Snake Pit that is that Rez, out there, has Innocents trying to survive. There are Good People trying to save the Innocents and rid their community of the Evil that runs the place, but they are surrounded by the Greater Evil: Apathy and Arrogance of Federal and State Government, their agents and agencies who will allow these children, in this critically urgent situation, to perish or bear unthinkable indignities, while they chat over coffee and pastries, as to who, exactly, they can pass it all off on. So far, every Agency has said it wasn’t their responsibility. Every Single One.

Children are being raped, abused and murdered. Let me know when you think you might have a clue as to whose table it is.

This is your Holy Place.

“The trouble is that once you see injustice, you can’t unsee it. And once you’ve seen it, keeping quiet becomes as political an act as speaking out.” –Arundhati Roy

What came to light with the Penn State pedophile trial was, or should be eye opening. People that were looked up to, even revered in social circles, and political circles, turned out to be the worst kinds of monsters walking the planet. Pedophiles, and those who enable them.

The acts committed against these young boys, being told in court, from the mouths of grown men, still damaged, unhealed wounds upon their spirit still festering, was sickening to all.

How many people now look at Jerry Sandusky, and the others involved in this, and instead of adulation, adoration, feel revulsion and want to vomit? Most, I would say, most feel like vomiting. Most feel betrayed by a man that was in a position of Trust.

Worse, look at the people in authority who were in a position of trust, and who, because they wanted to protect the pedophile, did NOTHING to save those boys, prevent more boys from being abused, raped, ruined. They are, in my book, and I am sure, in most people’s minds, just as guilty.

Not just the schools, but the police, the prosecutors, and everyone on up the chain of command at the university.

Now, we not only see Sandusky for what he always was, we see those around him, who protected him, for what they are.

Sandusky is a vile, slimy, degenerate. Those who protected him; weaklings who enabled a pedophile, who turned their backs on the children in order to keep their place, near the man of wealth and power.

Now, that is all gone, and the stain of his ugliness, covers them all.

“Why didn’t you do something to stop this!” is the question asked over and over again. “You knew and you did nothing!”

“It was reported to you and you did nothing!”

“Why did you not investigate? At least investigate?”

And the nation is outraged.

As we should be– at Sandusky, and at those who enabled him, for decades, to rape those children. Even his wife, (she knew) is no longer welcomed at the fundraisers, the country club, and the invitations to dine, mingle or party— vaporized, swept away by ugly, sooty smoke. Gone.

What Would You Do If You Knew?

That part of us that is human, cannot imagine, anyone who knew a child was being raped or hurt, neglected, abused, would not, for all they are worth, do something to stop it.

As bad as Sandusky is, and as vile as what he did, for as long as he did it, was– it pales in comparison to what more than 100 children on the Spirit Lake Rez are enduring, and have endured, for almost 2 generations. Likely, much longer.

They are being forced to live with known pedophiles, registered sex offenders, abusers, and under circumstances of neglect that would, if you knew, drop you to your knees, puking.

And it is known. It has been reported, it has been witnessed and it has been reported again, and again, and again… newborns, toddlers, teens… raped, often brutally, sometimes drugged and raped, and nothing is done.

Everyone that is in a mandatory reporting position, especially the police, do nothing. The State has had reports and they do nothing. Dr. Tilus’s letter has yet to receive any action from any agency, responsible for the safety of children.

The FBI Knows. US Attorney, Tim Purdon, Knows. Tara Mullhauser, Knows. The police in Devils Lake Know. Officer Bentley Greybear knows as does everyone who is a Tribal Cop, or works in the jail, or in the clinic, or in the school, or in any position of Tribal, State, Federal Government, including judges— they ALL KNOW. And they are doing NOTHING.

Children are becoming sick, getting diseases, being injured, suiciding and being murdered… and they all do NOTHING.

What do you think of these people? What do you think should be done to those people who have, all this time, known about these offenses, circumstances, and who have seen the children, and done nothing?

Now, you all know. You know it is going on. You know they know. Start phoning. Start demanding that they DO THEIR JOBS and they REMOVE those children from danger, and get them into SAFE KEEPING NOW.

Tara Mullhauser, the chronic coffee breaker, just rolls her eyes and says that because of ‘sovereignty’ the Tribe can, essentially do whatever they want, even to the children. Really? Pedophiles can roam freely, dragging their victims around, as long as it is on the rez? Registered sex offenders can do whatever they want and Ms. Mullhauser just shrugs her shoulders?

People, it is up to us, all of us, to stand up for these children. It is up to us to speak out and demand something be done NOW. Because those we thought were doing their jobs, protecting the children, are instead, covering for the pedophiles, enabling them, and many, I suspect, are sharing in the indulgences.

We must see them for what they are– All of them.

And we must demand, and demand, and demand, until everywhere they turn, they see us, hear us, and have no place to run, no place to hide. Because, until they act, those children, those babies, have nowhere to run, nowhere to hide, and are dreading every minute of their existence.

It is OUR TURN to stop the ugliness. We would have done it if we had known about what was going on at Penn State, wouldn’t we?

And Robbing Them…

Not only was Kevin Dauphinais, aka “Brownshield” robbing these children of the monthly stipends that were supposed to go to their care, and making himself very rich, he was also given signing authority over the Individual Indian Money Account, IIMA, which is supposed to be accruing royalty payments and interest during the lifetime of Indian Children on the Rez, and then, when they turn 18, that money is supposed to be given to them in a lump sum (and typically, the Yanktons would rob them of it that day or the next), in amounts that were $20K+ on average. It was supposed to help them with whatever they wanted in life: Education, a job, starting a business, buying a house, a vehicle… anything.

But Kevin was given Signing Authority by Myra Pearson, and suddenly, those kids got less and less money, to the point that if they were receiving now, only about a hundred dollars or so, each. Sometime ago I remember reporting that they were told the IIMA was ‘broke’ and they received, several, of them– Nothing.

Where did the money go?

So, typically, children on the rez are raped and robbed, and no one does anything about it. No one.

It’s OUR TURN. All we have to do is phone, email, and fax, and demand, demand, demand. Start with Tim Purdon’s office. And go UP from there. I mean all the way up. Go to the heads of every Agency. Go to Eric Holder’s Office. Go to the Head of the BIA.

And don’t stop until we know that those children are safe.

It’s what we expected them to do at Penn State, right? Once they knew?

Only our silence will enable these monsters to keep gnawing on the bones of the children.

When the story is told, will we be one of those slamming our doors and not wanting to talk to anyone? Or will we know that something we did, some action we took, brought the monsters down. Will we be able to hold our heads up? I hope so. I hope so. I really hope so.

They don’t look like monsters right now. Neither did Sandusky. They look like police, USAGs, Judges, Senators, Governors, Congressmen, Tribal Councilors, … they look like you and I, right now. But we know what they really are. And they are not like us. They are monsters, and they will cower and shrivel from the light of truth when you bring them down…

And so will everyone that enabled them.

This is what separates us from the monsters. Our courage to do the right thing, for the children.

I promise you, this will be the ugliest fight you have ever engaged in. It will sicken you, and it will make you angry beyond anything you thought you could feel inside towards another person. But, if you do this, you will have done at least one thing in your life that made a hundred lives better.

It’s what we thought they should have done at Penn State. It’s what we know we must do.

For The FBI And The American Indian Movement, “The Only Good Nigger Was A Dead Nigger”!

Forward: “Got some interesting info to share…individual came forward eyewitness to where Chris Westerman buried Robinsons body after David Hill shot Robinson, Thunder Hawk & Decora let Robinson bleed to death, & it come to light Joseph Trimbach was helping Hill after WK, the shooter, John Trimbach writing another book, wanting docs & proof when always knowing the truth about the Robinson & Aquash murders…fool me once shame on you, fool me twice shame on me! You were right on not to trust John..stayed around long enough to find out what he thought I had, only got enough to flush out the truth. Check out the Richard Two Elk video he filmed of Two Elk while the two were at the Dick Marshal trial March 2010…I set the stage for John to ask Two Elk about threatening me Aug. 2008…Two Elk comes unglued.  Its on landing page http://www.lookingbackwoman.ca.

This compliments your post, Rezinate.
Best, LBW/”Looking Back Woman”/Suzanne Dupree https://rezinate.wordpress.com/2015/12/08/coconspirator/

Black Civil Rights Worker Perry Ray Robinson. went to Wounded Knee in 1973 for the purpose of helping find a peaceful solution to what was taking place there. He was a supporter of and participated with Martin Luther King Jr. in the Civil Rights Movement and believed that “non-violence” as a protest tactic would bring the needed results to the demands being made by the American Indian Movement at Wounded Knee.

This was not what the the founders of and then active members of the American Indian Movement thought and wanted. Their response to Robinson’s “spirituality” was to murder him while racially profiling him as a “nigger”.

The American Indian Movement in 1973 had those in the know as to what happened to Robinson and or were there including AIM Chairman at the time John Trudell and Dennis Banks. It was Banks who gave the order to David Hill to shoot Robinson. Banks also directed where Robinson’s body was to buried at Wounded Knee…which spot has yet to be located. . Other prominent AIM leaders/members at Wounded Knee at this time included Russell Means, Leonard Peltier, Leonard Crow Dog, Clyde Bellecourt, Carter Camp,  and FBI operative/AIM member Doug Durham and Annie Mae Aquash who was murdered by AIM in part because she was a witness to Robinson’s murder.

The FBI And Their Complicity

With their “COENTELPRO” operative Durham on the inside at Wounded Knee (Dennis Banks “best buddy”) when Robinson was shot, it would take the “White Supremacist” FBI operating in South Dakota 41 years to state “a black civil rights activist was killed during the 1973 occupation of Wounded Knee and concluding finally that it suspects militant members of the American Indian Movement are responsible”. Oh really? !

FBI Agent and Special Agent In Charge at the time was Joseph H. Trimbach. Trimbach knew for a fact that David Hill shot Robinson. Trimbach and the FBI also gave Hill a “free won’t go to jail” card. His son John M. Trimbach with his father wrote a book entitled “The American Indian Mafia”. In their  book there is no reference or hint that that the FBI knew that David Hill shot Robinson on orders from Dennis Banks which means that the FBI is complicit in the murder of Robinson.

According to the FBI documents (edited and/or changed for “cover their ass” purposes), an unidentified cooperating witness told agents that “Robinson had been tortured and murdered within the AIM occupation perimeter, and then his remains were buried `in the hills.”’

Another witness told agents that Robinson was in Wounded Knee for about a week and had difficulty adjusting to the lack of food, the chaos of the scene and the unilateral AIM command. That witness said Robinson immediately wanted to open discussion in the bunker about AIM’s strategies but no one listened or took him seriously. This led to a heated exchange with Dennis Banks who was infuriated that Robinson would not pick up a gun.

One story is that he was taken to a house by a security team. When Robinson grabbed a knife from a table, he was circled by AIM security guards, according to the witness. A shot rang out, and Robinson’s eyes “rolled up as he went down.

Another story. “He was sitting on somebody’s porch eating oatmeal. An Indian dude came up, ordered him to go see Dennis Banks. Ray said, ‘In a minute – I’m eating my oatmeal – I’ll go when I’ve finished.’ The Indian dude got affronted by Ray’s lack of servility. The Indian shot Ray dead,” Cheryl Robinson, Rays wife wrote.

These versions are embedded with lies and half truths for the purpose of hiding the shooter David Hill as well as denigrating Robinson.

Ray Robinson was at Wounded Knee no more than a week but quickly got a reputation as unwilling to take part in the fight, said Richard Two Elk of Denver. On the day he was shot, Robinson had again refused to pick up a gun, Two Elk said.

“He constantly annoyed us and got on our nerves in the bunker,” Two Elk said.

“What we know is the guy died. The guy got shot. But I didn’t see a fatal injury. I didn’t see him die. I didn’t know what happened to him. There’s some discussion that after he was shot, he may have been shot again or something else might have caused his death,” Two Elk said.

Ray Robinson’s leg wound didn’t appear to be planned, he said.

Another account outlined in a Feb. 1, 1975, letter from Deming to Cheryl Robinson suggests another source said Ray Robinson was shot after being loud and trying to lead AIM members.

“And the Indians didn’t appreciate it. And told him so. And Ray pulled a gun,” Deming wrote. “And the Indian he’d pulled a gun on shot him in the leg. Not with intention to kill or maim … but intention simply to get the situation under control. The wound was not a bad one.”

The source said Ray Robinson was taken to a hospital and not seen again, Deming wrote.

In an earlier letter, on Dec. 29, 1974, to Deming, Cheryl Robinson wrote: “I’m almost sure that he wasn’t wounded in the leg first, then offed later.”

Also there was the “racial component” that was in the undercurrent at Wounded Knee then.

According to one former AIM member, Robinson was described as a “loud mouthed nigger”.

Summary

Realistically speaking, it no longer matters what witnesses may have said about what happened to Ray Robinson in light of the fact that he was shot by David Hill on orders from “I can’t remember a Black man there” Dennis Banks and with the “cover-up approval” of the FBI to this day!

P.S.

It should also be noted that back then when all of this was taking place in South Dakota in 1973, the FBI was a “White Supremacist”/KKK run outfit. Example would be in how they protected (allowing him to be elected SD Governor) Bill Janklow, serial rapist of Indian girls and co-responsible for the murder of one Jancita Eagle Deer, his baby sitter on the Rosebud Sioux Tribe Reservation who he brutally raped. She was found dead 2 weeks before she was to testify to being raped by Janklow which would have ended his political future.

One witness had stated that Eagle Deer was last seen alive with would you believe, the one and only FBI operative Doug Durham! When her mother Delphine tried to get her death investigated, she was found dead also. Any FBI investigations? You get one answer.

 

For me it is still mind boggling that Black/African Americans in government, the media, academia, sports, Civil Rights leaders, Church leaders, and even the Nation of Islam and the “Old” and New Black Panther Parties, that few if any have shown any compassion and interest in Robinson’s story then you would find at local Klan meeting in Robinson’s home state of Alabama and I would add…to their condemnation in the sight of God and man because Robinson’s innocent blood is still crying from the ground and to this day no one hears.

http://www.indiancountrynews.com/index.php/investigations/ray-robinson

https://www.facebook.com/pages/Justice-For-Perry-Ray-Robinson-Jr/204048599663045

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perry_Ray_Robinson

http://www.buffalonews.com/20130704/New_suit_seeks_to_know_fate_of_civil_rights_activist_who_vanished_in_1973.html

 

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